The history of Linux began in 1991 with the commencement of a personal project by Finnish student Linus Torvalds to create a new free operating system kernel. Happy Birthday! Linux turns 25 article tells that that Linus’ initially glot his project off the ground in April 1991 and announced in in 25 August 1991. Linus Torvalds’ now-famous announcement would soon be followed by the first Linux kernel release (0.01) on September 17, then a public release of the Linux kernel (0.02) on October 5.
Since then, the resulting Linux kernel has been marked by constant growth throughout its history. The code that an irreverent Finnish college student named Linus Torvalds quietly unveiled in August 1991 has ended up touching at least as many lives as did the political upheavals of the late 20th century. Torvalds did not plan any of this. He was merely an “accidental revolutionary.” By combining Linux kernel and GNU team produced functional components of all the other important parts of the operating system, we got the Linux OS (Gnu/Linux).
Linux has grown from a small number of C files under a license prohibiting commercial distribution to 21 million lines of source code under the GNU General Public License v2. Because the first release in 1991 had around 150 000 code lines, the Linux code has grown 140 times in 25 years. The Linux kernel now supports 35 different file system, and virtually all conceivable architectures. Each Linux machine does of course not be run the same 21 million line of code – typical laptop Linux uses around 1.6 million lines of code and the smart phone has 2.5 million.
There are 53,000 source files in the Linux kernel, 21 million lines of code. There are 3,900 developers from all around the globe, 10,800 lines of code are added, 5300 lines of code are removed and 1,800 lines of code are modified every single day in the Linux kernel. It changes seven, eight times an hour on average, every day, 365 days a year. That is a prolific, tremendous scale that is just unparalleled in the history of software development.
Linus Torvalds to still take care of coordinating Linux development. Given that Linux providers pay nothing for the kernel, how does Torvalds earn a living? He’s an employee of the Linux Foundation that is supported by a consortium that consist of many big IT companies (Intel, Red Hat, Samsung, Suse, IBM, Google, AMD, and many more).
Today Linux s very widely used and there are very many versions of it -Wikipedia lists 258 distributions. Today Linux has expanded far beyond its conquest of the server market. If you include Android (built around the Linux kernel) and embedded Linux devices (from TVs to network switches). you’re talking billions of instances.
You can say that today Linux is the world’s by far the most common operating system. Linux is inside all Android phones. With IoT of the phenomenon, the number of Linux devices increases all the time. Even Microsoft sells cloud services for Linux-based solutions, makes software that runs on Linux and has Microsoft even has it’s own Linux version.
Why did Linux become such success? Linux at 25: Why It Flourished While Others Fizzled article says that timing, cost, and the right license made all the difference. It showed programmers everywhere that a different world was possible—a world where they could share code openly, collaborate informally, and make a decent living, even if they gave away the chief product of their labor for free. The advantages of working this way have since become obvious.
Linus Torvalds created the original core of the Linux operating system in 1991 as a computer science student at the University of Helsinki in Finland. University of Helsinki arranged a jubilee seminar to celebrate the world domination of Linux and its 25th anniversary on 22 August 2016.
Open-source software is used by all companies in Finland. Both in Finland and around the world is a serious shortage of Linux talent. Both domestic and foreign firms Linux specialist shortage is hard. Companies desperately need more Linux experts.