Short circuit protection

Facebook post at https://www.facebook.com/groups/electronichobycircuits/permalink/3743513689006646/ advertises this circuit idea:

Amazing Idea With Relay & BC547 Transistor
https://techsawco.com/amazing-idea-with-relay-bc547-transistor/

screenshot_20201108-103304_facebook

I see this circuit much less than amazing.

This circuit is used as voltage level indicator and short circuit protection circuit.

Voltage level indicator idea is feasible. The “short circuit protection circuit” does not live up to the promises – can work on some conditions (enough resistance from power source to circuit) and fail catastrophically on other (circuit directly connected to 12V car battery).

The LED in it is used to determine the magnitude of the LED in which the Red Color LED stands for 10 voltage, the yellow for 11 voltage and the Green LED for 12 voltage.

Seems ro be basically workable idea. The 12V LED is pretty sensitive to overvoltage, meaning if input voltage rises just few volt above planned 12V, that LED will be soon fried.

In this circuit, when the output wire is short, the power is cut.

The power is only cut if the voltage coming in to the circuit drops due short circuit enough for relay coil to “dop”. If there is no such voltage drop, the “protection” circuit does not work and will pass short circuit current to load until it fails catastrophically with smoke.
If you try to to turn on power to short circuit, the small start switch will “let the smoke out” easily.

The use of BC547 makes it pretty much useless component here and is not properly protected agains inductive kickback from relay coil.

Earlier related post:
https://www.epanorama.net/blog/2020/08/23/short-circuit-protection-relay-circuit-fail/

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