IoT trends for 2018

Here is a list f IoT predictions for year 2018. With the number of connected devices set to top 11 billion – and that’s not including computers and phones – in 2018, Internet of Things will clearly continue to be a hot topic. Here is my prediction list:

1. Artifical Intelligence – it will be talked a lot

2. Blockchain – blockchain will be hyped to be a solution for many IoT problems, and it will turn out that it is not the best solution for most of problems it is hyped for – and maybe it will find few sensible uses for it in IoT. Blockchain can add immutability and integrity to some IoT transactions.

3. 4G mobile for IoT: NB-IoT and LTE-M are ready to be tested or used in many markets

4. 5G will be hyped a lot for IoT applications but it is nowhere near for any real big IoT use cases

6. Security issues will be talked a lot. IoT security is far from solved issue.

7. Privacy issues of IoT will be talked a lot when our homes and pockets are starting to be filled with ever listening digital assistants.

8. Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) will be massive

9. More CPU power will be added or used in the edge. Pushing processing power to the “edge” brings a number of benefits and opportunities.

10. Hardware based security: Hardware based security on microprocessors will be talked a lot after “Meltdown” and “Spectre” disaster

Links to more predictions:

https://www.networkworld.com/article/3245528/internet-of-things/7-iot-trends-that-will-define-2018.html

https://www.information-management.com/opinion/predictions-2018-5-trends-driving-the-internet-of-things-and-industrial-internet-of-things

https://www.forbes.com/sites/danielnewman/2017/12/19/the-top-8-iot-trends-for-2018/#17a9943267f7

https://www.ibm.com/blogs/internet-of-things/top-5-iot-trends-in-2018/

https://www.inc.com/james-paine/3-internet-of-things-trends-to-watch-in-2018.html

https://www.i-scoop.eu/iot-2018-1/

https://www.computerworlduk.com/iot/iot-trends-2018-artificial-intelligence-security-edge-solutions-3669388/

https://dzone.com/articles/iot-trends-for-2018

https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2018/01/04/the-internet-of-things-iot-will-be-massive-in-2018-here-are-the-4-predictions-from-ibm/

 

942 Comments

  1. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Adding AI To The IoT
    https://semiengineering.com/adding-ai-to-the-iot/

    Putting complex algorithms into billions of things radically changes the landscape.

    Reply
  2. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The evolution of converged networks: Why IoT is here to stay
    https://www.cablinginstall.com/articles/2018/10/belden-converged-networks-iot-henry-franc.html?cmpid=enl_cim_cim_data_center_newsletter_2018-10-08&pwhid=6b9badc08db25d04d04ee00b499089ffc280910702f8ef99951bdbdad3175f54dcae8b7ad9fa2c1f5697ffa19d05535df56b8dc1e6f75b7b6f6f8c7461ce0b24&eid=289644432&bid=2261444

    The idea behind this quote remains true, and applies well beyond the field of evolutionary biology.

    Convergence (version 2.0) is here, and, to survive, we need to adjust, change and adapt to our changing environment. We cannot build networks for today (and for the future) like we have built them in the past, lest we go the way of the dodo bird.

    Let’s look at the changes and improvements made since the first converged network (Convergence 1.0).

    Traditionally, machine-to-machine (M2M) or device-based networks sat outside our converged networks, whether they be for digital building technologies, like video and security; smart cars; industrial networks; or many others.

    In an IoT world, those networks still exist, as they always have. They may work on the same physical and/or logical networks with the same cables, boxes and software, or they may use “like” networks to better interact.

    The IoT world is here, and the level and rate of convergence is increasing in volume and velocity. IoT is a nebulous concept – hence all the cloud analogies. It will continue to morph as technologies evolve along with those that use it. Your corporate IoT cloud will look different from mine, and that’s okay.

    Will we ever get to a true hyperconverged network where anything can talk to anything at any time? I don’t know – but that’s a people issue, not an engineering one.

    Reply
  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Wireless Controls Keep Expanding the Smart Home’s Boundaries
    https://www.electronicdesign.com/industrial-automation/wireless-controls-keep-expanding-smart-home-s-boundaries?NL=ED-003&Issue=ED-003_20181005_ED-003_757&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_1_b&utm_rid=CPG05000002750211&utm_campaign=20469&utm_medium=email&elq2=28fcffccbd8c4332a6c9631fd7c50c65

    Sponsored by Texas Instruments: As the intelligence quotient of homes pushes higher, demand soars for related products. To keep pace, designers need low-cost simple solutions for their designs, such as MCU/radio combo chips.

    Reply
  4. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Facebook announces Portal, an Echo Show rival focused on video chat
    https://www.theverge.com/circuitbreaker/2018/10/8/17928554/facebook-portal-announced-camera-price-video-chat

    As Facebook works to contain the fallout from its biggest-ever data breach, the company is introducing a product that will bring a camera and microphone into your living room. Facebook Portal, and the larger Portal Plus, are smart displays that are laser-focused on video chatting.

    The first hardware products marketed under the Facebook brand, the Portals can be used to call other Portal users, or anyone who has Facebook or Facebook Messenger. The Portals can play music through Spotify and Pandora, or stream video from Facebook Watch, but these are intentionally limited devices.

    Reply
  5. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Practical Bluetooth Low Energy and Sub-GHz Integration Approaches
    https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1333812

    The adoption of Bluetooth technology in mesh and point-to-point networks shows no sign of fatigue. Meanwhile, sub-GHz radios continue to proliferate, particularly in smart home, commercial and industrial applications. In this article, we present practical multiband integration approaches for Bluetooth and sub-GHz technologies.

    Reply
  6. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Week in Review: IoT, Security, Auto
    https://semiengineering.com/week-in-review-iot-security-auto-13/

    Amazon Web Services announced that Iridium Communications has joined the AWS Partner Network. AWS and Iridium have collaborated on development of Iridium CloudConnect, a service that enables worldwide coverage for Internet of Things applications through Iridium’s satellite network. AWS IoT is being paired with Iridium IoT services as a result.

    IHS Markit forecasts there will be about 75 billion IoT devices deployed around the world by 2025.

    Researchers at Drexel University report development of a method for creating spray-on antennas that could be used for IoT applications. Titanium carbide compounds are dissolved in water to make a paint-like substance.

    It’s National Cybersecurity Awareness Month. See, you’re already more aware about cybersecurity.

    Governor Jerry Brown signed into law the nation’s first IoT cybersecurity legislation. The law goes into effect on January 1, 2020. In June, Brown approved a data privacy law that was unanimously adopted by the California Legislature. Not everyone is unanimous in praising the cybersecurity law, however. Jake Sprouse, director of software engineering at Synapse, said in a statement, “Legislation requiring security measures in IoT devices can do little harm, but it’s a half measure at best. New exploits to existing security protocols are found on a regular basis, so those responsible for building IoT devices need to make sure those devices can be patched and upgraded to address new security flaws after they’ve been shipped. But this is a big shift in management: manufacturers can no longer ‘ship and forget.’

    Bloomberg Businessweek reports that Super Micro Computer servers made in China had chips implanted by the People’s Liberation Army so they could monitor data flowing through the computers. Supermicro denies the report,

    The American Consumer Institute examined 186 small office/home office Wi-Fi routers from 14 vendors and found that the firmware in 155 of those routers had known vulnerabilities to cyberattacks.

    Reply
  7. Tomi Engdahl says:

    IIC Releases IoT Testbeds ahead of IoT Solutions World Congress
    https://www.designnews.com/automation-motion-control/iic-releases-iot-testbeds-ahead-iot-solutions-world-congress/80506874159551?ADTRK=UBM&elq_mid=5943&elq_cid=876648

    The Industrial Internet Consortium will display 10 new testbeds at IoT Solutions World Congress. The testbeds range from 3D printing and fire trucks to smart factories and device management systems.

    Prior to the IoT Solutions World Congress—an annual global conference on industrial IoT development—the Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) ran a competition of testbeds. From the competition, IIC judges selected 10 testbeds to display at the conference in Barcelona Oct. 16-18. The IoT Solutions World Congress is organized by Fira Barcelona, the producer of Mobile World Congress, and IIC, an industry group founded by AT&T, Cisco, GE, IBM, Intel, and others.

    Some of the testbeds that will be on display at the IoT Solutions World Congress include:

    3D Print Footwear – ECCO footwear and 3D experience company Dassault Systèmes will showcase a data-driven experience in which individual bio-mechanical data is combined with additive manufacturing to create customized shoes in the store.
    IoT Device Management System – Intel, ARM, and Mocana have developed a system capable of setting up equipment and sensors—and have them transmitting relevant data to any cloud-based platform—within seconds of power-on.
    Smart Fire Truck – Developed by Emergency One together with Vodafone, this smart fire truck is equipped with a set of solutions that allows the automation of a series of tasks in the control panel including tank measurement and showing who was on board.
    Smart Factory Web Testbed – Led by IIC members Fraunhofer IOSB and Korea Electronics Technology Institute (KETI), this testbed forms a network of smart factories that share production resources and assets to improve order fulfillment.

    Reply
  8. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Making Buildings Smarter
    https://semiengineering.com/buildings-get-smarter-through-tech/

    Automation systems help reduce energy consumption, add operating efficiency, but cost still matters.

    Calling a building “smart” implies that technology is embedded to make that building more efficient, useful, convenient and profitable. The goal is to program efficiency beyond what humans can provide.

    But “smart” also may imply a healthy dose of marketing hype. No one wants to live in a “dumb building,” but it’s difficult to define what makes a building smart. And while much is happening now to put real intelligence into buildings—a field known as building automation, it remains to be seen how widely that technology is adopted.

    “The building automation industry is in a time of transition,” said John Ellis, digitalization portfolio manager at Siemens Building Technologies. “The building industry, like so many other industries, is seeking ways to use digital and intelligent infrastructure to optimize business value.”

    Reply
  9. Tomi Engdahl says:

    NIST’s Considerations For ‘Cybersecuring’ The Internet Of Things
    https://semiengineering.com/nists-considerations-for-cybersecuring-the-internet-of-things/

    IoT cannot rely solely upon security practices designed for conventional devices.

    Experts at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have kicked off an initiative to support the development and application of standards, guidelines, and related tools to improve the cybersecurity of connected devices and the environments in which they are deployed. NIST’s Cybersecurity for the Internet of Things (IoT) and Privacy Engineering Programs drafted a report titled NIST Internal Report (NISTIR) 8228: Considerations for Managing IoT Cybersecurity and Privacy Risks that is now available for public comment.

    Many IoT devices interact with the physical world in ways conventional IT devices usually do not.
    Many IoT devices cannot be accessed, managed, or monitored in the same ways conventional IT devices can.
    The availability, efficiency, and effectiveness of cybersecurity and privacy capabilities are often different for IoT devices than conventional IT devices.

    Reply
  10. Tomi Engdahl says:

    http://www.etn.fi/index.php/13-news/8535-bluetooth-yltaa-puolentoista-kilometrin-paahan
    BT5-standardissa voidaan määritellä pidempi kantama joko 125 tai 500 kilobitin datanopeudella. Näin voidaan kasvattaa kantamaa, alentaa datanopeutta ja säilyttää pitkä toiminta-aika akkuvirralla. Moniin sovelluksiin tämä sopii erinomaisesti.

    Reply
  11. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Comparing Google Home Hub vs Amazon Echo Show 2 vs Facebook Portal
    https://techcrunch.com/2018/10/09/the-smart-display-wars/

    The war for the countertop has begun. Google, Amazon and Facebook all revealed their new smart displays this month. Each hopes to become the center of your Internet of Things-equipped home and a window to your loved ones.

    Reply
  12. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Google partners with tech retailer b8ta to let people demo smart home products
    https://techcrunch.com/2018/10/09/google-partners-with-tech-retailer-b8ta-to-let-people-demo-smart-home-products/?sr_share=facebook&utm_source=tcfbpage

    Try before you buy is the new name of the game. With items costing upwards of $100, people want to know what they’re getting themselves into before they commit to a costly gizmo — at least that’s what Google is betting on right now. Aligned with Google’s Made by Google event, the company is partnering with startup b8ta to create an interactive experience around its products.

    These experiences are live at seven of b8ta’s flagship locations, which enable people to try out new tech products.

    Reply
  13. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Bill Gates: When most people think of groundbreaking digital technology, they don’t picture soil sensors. But… for farmers who rely on the food they grow to feed their family… FarmBeats could be a literal lifesaver.

    Can the Wi-Fi chip in your phone help feed the world?
    https://www.gatesnotes.com/Development/FarmBeats?WT.mc_id=10_09_2018_10_FarmBeats_IFLS-PTR_&WT.tsrc=IFLSPTR

    Dancing Crow Farm is the pilot site for FarmBeats, an amazing new project that hopes to make farmers more productive by arming them with data. When most people think of groundbreaking digital technology, they don’t picture soil sensors. But a farmer who knows the temperature, pH, and moisture level of his soil can make all sorts of informed decisions that save money and boost yield.

    For example, fertilizer works better when it’s applied to moist soil. But how do you know when to fertilize?

    The main innovation is in how FarmBeats sensors transmit data. Most farms have poor or no access to the Internet.

    Most farm data systems require expensive transmitters to connect, but FarmBeats relies on a clever workaround: it uses TV white space.

    Here’s how FarmBeats works: The whole system is powered by solar panels. You place a small number of sensors—one every couple hundred meters, instead of 10 meters—in the ground. You then attach your smart phone with the camera facing down to either a drone (if you have money to spare) or a helium balloon (if you don’t).

    You walk around the fields with the camera, creating an aerial map of the farm.

    The data generated by FarmBeats has been a game changer for Sean and Dancing Crow Farm. He can use up to 30 percent less water for irrigation and 44 percent less lime to control soil pH. Information on soil temperature and moisture levels has helped him better time the planting of seeds

    It’ll be at least a year before every component of FarmBeats is available to the public—and even longer before the cost comes down

    Wi-Fi signals can be used to collect soil data. Using only their smart phones and super cheap RFID tags buried in the ground, any farmer could get important information about their land

    Reply
  14. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Honeywell’s ‘smart’ thermostats had a big server outage and a key feature stopped working entirely — and customers were furious
    https://www.businessinsider.com/honeywell-iot-thermostats-server-outage-2018-9?r=US&IR=T&IR=T

    Honeywell had a big server outage, and its smart, internet-connected thermostats were not working as intended.
    Customers were unable to control their heating via the Honeywell app as promised.
    However, Honeywell says that affected thermostats are still working to control heating and cooling — they’re just under manual control, like a normal thermostat. It’s the smart features that are on the fritz.
    A spokesperson said the issue lasted for only a few hours on Tuesday, but customers say there have been problems for weeks.

    The internet-enabled thermostats made by $122 billion appliance giant Honeywell has been having server issues, leaving some customers unable to control their temperature via an app as advertised — and they’re furious about it.

    In a statement, Honeywell disputes those complaints, and says that the problems were only for a short period on Tuesday.

    “Earlier today, a small number of customers using Honeywell’s Total Connect Comfort app experienced delays, which have been resolved. Their thermostats performed as designed locally, however the temperature could not be set remotely,” said Honeywell spokesperson Bruce Eric Anderson in a prepared statement.

    As Anderson says, the thermostats were still controllable if owners have physical access, but the ability to control the temperature remotely via app — the main selling point of these devices — had been offline. This can cause issues for people managing multiple properties, like landlords, or those customers with mobility issues.

    The outage highlights one of the persistent problems with the so-called “internet of things:” The usefulness of products are often dependent on the reliability of internet services they have no control over — and when they crash, there’s nothing people can do.

    Reply
  15. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Simulation tools, ‘Digital twins’ set to overhaul the workplace
    https://www.electropages.com/2018/10/simulation-tools-digital-twins-set-overhaul-workplace/?utm_campaign=&utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_term=article&utm_content=Simulation+tools%2C+%E2%80%98Digital+twins%E2%80%99+set+to+overhaul+the+workplace

    The use of simulation tools, ‘digital twins’, in production is fast growing and will soon become an integral part of the Smart Factory and the Internet of Things (IoT). Digital twins are digital copies of physical assets including all their modelled characteristics and behaviours. They integrate technologies such as machine learning, M2M, artificial intelligence (AI), predictive analytics, and sensor telemetry to create a detailed 3D image of a real object, such as robots or machines.

    The market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 32.73%, during the period 2017-2021, and achieve a valuation of $13.9 billion. In a 2018 survey conducted by Gartner’s IT analysis and market research institute, forty-eight percent of companies that use IoT applications said they already use digital twins or are planning to do so. The research based management consulting firm, TechSci Research, is also forecasting strong growth in the market for digital twins. The leading players include: General Electric (GE), IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, PTC, Ansys, Dassault Systèmes, Siemens, Bosch Software Innovation and SAP.

    Reply
  16. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Google announces Google Home Hub, its 7-inch Assistant Smart Display
    https://9to5google.com/2018/10/09/google-home-hub-assistant-smart-display/

    With the Home Mini and Home Max in 2017, Google was able to inundate the market with affordable smart speakers, while offering an audiophile experience for the high-end. This year, the Made by Google lineup is gaining its first Assistant Smart Display with the Google Home Hub.

    The Google Home Hub is defined by a 7-inch touchscreen attached to a fabric-covered base. Available in Chalk (gray), Mint, Pink, and Charcoal (black), these are the same colors found on Google’s other speakers.

    Reply
  17. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Nilay Patel / The Verge:
    Google Home Hub hands-on: auto-adjusting Ambient EQ helps display work well in different lighting, and Home View interface for smart devices is clean and simple

    Google Home Hub hands-on: Assistant gets a screen
    Small but powerful
    https://www.theverge.com/2018/10/9/17955352/google-home-hub-smart-assistant-screen-features-hands-on-photos-video

    It seems to be smart display season: Amazon just updated the Echo Show, Facebook showed off its new Portal system yesterday, and now Google has just announced that it’s getting in on the game with the Google Assistant-powered Home Hub.

    Unlike Amazon and Facebook, Google isn’t envisioning the Home Hub as a video chat device. In fact, there’s no camera at all. And there’s a physical mute switch on the back to completely turn off the Home Hub’s ability to listen in. Google says it did this very purposefully, in order to make the Hub comfortable to place in any room. But it will work with doorbell cameras, popping up the video feed and letting you respond to visitors using the microphones.

    Google is adding a new visual dashboard for controlling your various smart home devices called Home View, which is available on both the Home Hub and in the new Google Home app. Home View is neat. It’s a clean, simple interface for a bunch of common smart home tasks, and it’s clever enough to show you the specific capabilities of different devices, so lights that have more color options show a longer list of colors. You can also navigate by room and by device.

    Home Hub runs on an expanded version of Google Cast, which Google is calling Assistant OS. It’s basically a custom HTML app running on Cast, and it’s the same interface as you’ll see on the Lenovo Smart Display.

    Overall, though, it’s a very nice product, especially for $149. The interface is much nicer than the Echo Show interface, but it’s all still pretty simple.

    Reply
  18. Tomi Engdahl says:

    A Future Where Everything Becomes a Computer Is as Creepy as You Feared
    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/10/technology/future-internet-of-things.html

    More than 40 years ago, Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft with a vision for putting a personal computer on every desk.

    No one really believed them, so few tried to stop them. Then before anyone realized it, the deed was done: Just about everyone had a Windows machine, and governments were left scrambling to figure out how to put Microsoft’s monopoly back in the bottle.

    This sort of thing happens again and again in the tech industry. Audacious founders set their sights on something hilariously out of reach — Mark Zuckerberg wants to connect everyone

    In recent years, the tech industry’s largest powers set their sights on a new target for digital conquest. They promised wild conveniences and unimaginable benefits to our health and happiness. There’s just one catch, which often goes unstated: If their novelties take off without any intervention or supervision from the government, we could be inviting a nightmarish set of security and privacy vulnerabilities into the world. And guess what. No one is really doing much to stop it.

    Reply
  19. Tomi Engdahl says:

    IoT Displays: Striking the Right Balance Between Functionality and Power
    https://www.electronicdesign.com/industrial-automation/iot-displays-striking-right-balance-between-functionality-and-power?NL=ED-005&Issue=ED-005_20181010_ED-005_960&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_2_b&utm_rid=CPG05000002750211&utm_campaign=20552&utm_medium=email&elq2=d377f14133be4428bd2dca77e29475c2

    Two key factors for a successful IoT application are that it be low power and low cost, and in terms of displays, more designers are turning to e-paper to maintain those goals.

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is vast and ever-expanding, in terms of its infrastructure and connected devices. Leading research and advisory company Gartner has estimated some 8.3 billion devices would be connected by the end of 2017, increasing to 11.2 billion by the end of 2018, then nearly doubling to 20.4 billion by 2020. Approximately two-thirds of these projected figures are apportioned to consumer applications.

    Interestingly, while spending is predicted to increase from US$2.1 billion in 2018 to US$2.9 billion in 2020, it isn’t rising as fast as the unit count.

    Reply
  20. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Security in Manufacturing: Closing the Backdoor in IoT Products
    https://www.electronicdesign.com/industrial-automation/security-manufacturing-closing-backdoor-iot-products?NL=ED-005&Issue=ED-005_20181010_ED-005_960&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_1_b&utm_rid=CPG05000002750211&utm_campaign=20552&utm_medium=email&elq2=d377f14133be4428bd2dca77e29475c2

    This article explores the potential attacks that can occur in the process of designing, building, and testing IoT systems, as well as methods for preventing these attacks.

    Reply
  21. Tomi Engdahl says:

    How Do We Create Smart Cities Without Exploiting Personal Data?
    https://www.3dincites.com/2018/10/how-do-we-create-smart-cities-without-exploiting-personal-data/

    Creating smart cities while also protecting the personal data of its citizens is no easy task these days, particularly with growing public awareness and concern about how their data is being used and shared. It’s become a challenge particularly in Europe, where urban designs lend themselves well to smart city concepts, yet the region’s dedication to protecting citizen data is of paramount importance.

    The data dilemma

    The use and sharing of data, particularly personal data, is a hot-button topic particularly with the recent Equifax and Facebook breaches. These incidences really hammered home how consumers freely hand over personal information in exchange for the ease of obtaining goods services, often without fully understanding the implications.

    The European Union has always been concerned about its citizens’ right to privacy, and first established its Data Protection Directive in 1995. In 2016, ongoing shenanigans by companies, like Google and Facebook, inspired the EU to impose even stricter policies in the General Data Protection Regulation, which was fully implemented in May 2018.

    The benefits of smart cities are numerous. Experts predict they will reduce a city’s overall carbon footprint, improve water supplies and other vital resources, increase the safety of its citizens, provide alternative transportation options, and more.

    Recognizing these benefits, The European Commission launched the European innovation partnership on smart cities and communities (EIP-SCC) to “improve urban life through more sustainable integrated solutions and address city-specific challenges from different policy areas such as energy, mobility and transport, and ICT.”

    The key lies in finding a way to monetize the data without violating citizens right to privacy.
    Cloud vs. edge computing

    Edge computing is another current buzzword receiving a lot of attention. In cloud computing, raw sensing data is transmitted to the cloud from the device for signal processing. The information is then transmitted back to the device.

    In edge computing, the processing is done locally at the device. This requires more processing power on the device itself but delivers the information in real time. This is why edge computing is important to autonomous vehicles, for example, where split-second decisions need to be made.

    While edge computing provides advantages with regard to speed, latency, and cost, in smart city applications, how it impacts data ownership and privacy is what matters most, explained Habfast.
    Making money with our data

    Data stored and processed on the cloud is often owned by the service storing it, depending on terms and conditions. Data stored and processed at the edge – on local servers – or even the far edge on our personal devices – is owned by the individual.

    Self-data model

    Because of public services, cities already store -and theoretically have access to – citizens personal data, such as tax information and health records. This data is provided for a specific, payed-for service, and we expect that it will not be used outside the scope of that reason. We don’t seem to have the same concern for data freely given in exchange for search engine information, noted Habfast.

    Moreover, he says using the Internet model of free services against data re-use to replace the established model of public services behind a paywall as a way to fund a smart city infrastructure won’t work, because of the sensitive nature of most personal data. Rather, he suggests a hybrid approach with a pay model that also gives the citizen the option of sharing data on a case-by-case basis.

    But his final word on the topic of personal data protection was this: “Merging open and personal data can often be useful but it is the citizen who decides. This means that personal data – electricity meter readings, geo-localization, traffic recordings, library loans and so forth – must remain in the edge: in a citizen’s device, or in an edge server protected by city authorities, with the decision to share that data left to the citizen.”

    Reply
  22. Tomi Engdahl says:

    HMI Challenges in an Industrial IoT World
    https://www.designnews.com/automation-motion-control/hmi-challenges-industrial-iot-world/213642922259598?ADTRK=UBM&elq_mid=6017&elq_cid=876648

    Control engineers want to access plant processes and equipment conditions on their mobile phone. They want touchscreen capability and they expect the HMI to go beyond read-only to become a control panel in the pocket.

    Reply
  23. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Power, Sense, Connect, Control, and Develop IoT Applications
    https://www.arrow.com/en/campaigns/power-sense-connect-control-and-develop-iot-applications?utm_source=aspencore&utm_medium=email&utm_term=onsemi_iot_cp&utm_content=list-edn-1×1&utm_campaign=supplier_onsemi_iot_q418_global&dclid=COeorOrQgN4CFYbFsgodhbYJAg

    Design and deploy the most energy efficient Internet of Things (IoT) solutions through a wide array of industrial grade connectivity, control and power management solutions from ON Semiconductor.

    Reply
  24. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Indonesia tsunami early detection buoys haven’t worked for six years due to ‘lack of funding’
    http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-10-01/indonesia-tsunami-early-detection-buoys-broken-for-six-years/10324200

    Reply
  25. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Retail IoT: Walmart’s IoT patent filing might be the creepiest ever
    https://www.networkworld.com/article/3312818/internet-of-things/retail-iot-walmarts-iot-patent-filing-might-be-the-creepiest-ever.html

    A Walmart patent application suggests putting IoT sensors in shopping-cart handles. Will customers be OK with that?

    According to the patent, the idea is to put biometric sensors in shopping-cart handles. These sensors would track the shoppers’ heart rates, temperatures, grip strength, and stress levels, not to mention the cart’s weight, speed and idle time. Next, that info would be sent to a server where the data could be analyzed and compared against baselines obtained when the customer first grabbed the cart.

    Reply
  26. Tomi Engdahl says:

    ICS / IIoT Market Segmentation Needed So We Can Communicate Effectively
    https://pentestmag.com/ics-iiot-market-segmentation-needed-so-we-can-communicate-effectively/

    There have been many events and data points that show even people knowledgeable in ICS and security are having difficulty communicating together because we have different views and experiences on what an ICS is.

    Reply
  27. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Week in Review: IoT, Security, Auto
    https://semiengineering.com/week-in-review-iot-security-auto-14/

    Dialog Semiconductor made a blockbuster deal with Apple – the chip company will license power management technologies and transfer some assets to Apple, which will use them in their internal chip research and development.

    Chefling of Sunnyvale, Calif., is partnering with Bosch Group and Thermador, a Bosch subsidiary, to show how home cooking appliances can become Internet-connected devices.

    Reply
  28. Tomi Engdahl says:

    P2413 – Standard for an Architectural Framework for the Internet of Things (IoT)
    https://standards.ieee.org/project/2413.html

    This standard defines an architectural framework for the Internet of Things (IoT), including descriptions of various IoT domains, definitions of IoT domain abstractions, and identification of commonalities between different IoT domains. The architectural framework for IoT provides a reference model that defines relationships among various IoT verticals (e.g., transportation, healthcare, etc.) and common architecture elements. It also provides a blueprint for data abstraction and the quality “quadruple” trust that includes protection, security, privacy, and safety.” Furthermore, this standard provides a reference architecture that builds upon the reference model.

    Reply
  29. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Simulation tools, ‘Digital twins’ set to overhaul the workplace
    https://www.electropages.com/2018/10/simulation-tools-digital-twins-set-overhaul-workplace/?utm_campaign=&utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_term=article&utm_content=Simulation+tools%2C+%E2%80%98Digital+twins%E2%80%99+set+to+overhaul+the+workplace

    The use of simulation tools, ‘digital twins’, in production is fast growing and will soon become an integral part of the Smart Factory and the Internet of Things (IoT). Digital twins are digital copies of physical assets including all their modelled characteristics and behaviours. They integrate technologies such as machine learning, M2M, artificial intelligence (AI), predictive analytics, and sensor telemetry to create a detailed 3D image of a real object, such as robots or machines.

    The market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 32.73%, during the period 2017-2021, and achieve a valuation of $13.9 billion. In a 2018 survey conducted by Gartner’s IT analysis and market research institute, forty-eight percent of companies that use IoT applications said they already use digital twins or are planning to do so. The research based management consulting firm, TechSci Research, is also forecasting strong growth in the market for digital twins. The leading players include: General Electric (GE), IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, PTC, Ansys, Dassault Systèmes, Siemens, Bosch Software Innovation and SAP.

    Reply
  30. Tomi Engdahl says:

    https://mobihacks.devpost.com/

    Mobi Grand Challenge

    The MOBI Grand Challenge hosted by MOBI, the Mobility Open Blockchain Initiative, and TIoTA, the Trusted IoT Alliance, is loosely modelled on the DARPA grand challenge for autonomous driving which captured the public imagination and launched the autonomous driving revolution. However, unlike the DARPA challenge, vehicles won’t be required to navigate a course without a human driver. Instead, the MOBI Grand Challenge will focus on fulfilling MOBI’s purpose, which is to increase access and efficiency, reduce pollution and congestion, and to avoid accidents and save lives. This is the first challenge of a three-year project.

    The ultimate goal is the creation of a viable, decentralized, ad-hoc network of
    blockchain/dlt connected vehicles and infrastructure that can reliably share data,
    coordinate behaviour, and thereby improve urban mobility.

    Reply
  31. Tomi Engdahl says:

    IEEE Program Tackles Challenges of Ethics in Automation
    https://associationsnow.com/2018/10/ieee-program-aims-tackle-challenges-ethics-automation/

    The Ethics Certification Program for Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, announced by the IEEE Standards Association this week, will develop standards for reliability and safety of products and services that use artificial intelligence and automation technology.

    Automation technology is moving fast, and a new certification program from IEEE aims to ensure that the ethical elements keep up with the tech.

    This week, the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) announced the creation of the Ethics Certification Program for Autonomous and Intelligent Systems (ECPAIS), which will focus on building processes for ensuring standards in autonomous technology. The program, which complements IEEE’s P7000 standards for addressing ethical concerns in technology, will focus on issues of transparency, accountability, and algorithmic bias.

    “The proliferation of systems in the form of smart homes, companion robots, autonomous vehicles, or any myriad of products and services that already exist today desperately need to easily and visually communicate to consumers and citizens whether they are deemed ‘safe’ or ‘trusted’ by a globally recognized body of experts providing a publicly available and transparent series of marks,” IEEE-SA states on its website.

    Reply
  32. Tomi Engdahl says:

    HIGHLIGHTS OF INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS WORLD CONGRESS 2018 IN COPENHAGEN
    https://forumvirium.fi/en/itswordcongress2018/

    Five Forum Virium Helsinki colleagues and over 10.000 other people from all over the world met in Copenhagen last week. Centred around the theme “quality of life”, we heard about the most recent technical developments, research insights, and upcoming technologies in Intelligent Transport, with a time window of 2020–2030. This is a summary of some of the developments that will bring us to a “Super Smart Society.”

    Robot buses

    Automated and autonomous vehicles will be the next big change in the field of mobility.

    Safety & security

    The overriding case for all autonomous vehicles is safety: over 90% of crashes is caused by human factors. It is a main point of concern for public authorities. Therefore, the European Commission makes millions of euros available for, among others, cyber security in automated mobility.

    5G

    The future of mobility relies on a mix of high-definition maps, advanced navigation software and live data from vehicle sensors. At the heart of the transformation is 5G, a complete overhaul of the wireless infrastructure in order to dramatically improve quality of service. Several companies and cities are testing with 5G already this year and by 2025 most of the major cities are expected to have 5G networks. Also on this topic, the European Commission provides grants: e.g. 90M€ for the next ICT call on 5G.

    Human factor

    Regulations

    MaaS

    Mobility as a Service continues to be one of the hottest topics in Intelligent Transport.

    Reply
  33. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Enterprise IoT security sucks so much, it’s made Intel and Arm work together to tackle it
    Chip rivals lock lips to make customers happy
    https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/10/15/intel_arm_iot/

    Intel on Monday joined hands with Arm, its occasional rival, in an attempt to make the notoriously dismal state of Internet-of-Things security less so.

    The two chip designers aren’t concerned with consumer IoT devices, which can be expected to remain a hot mess; rather they hope to provide corporate customers with a way to efficiently and securely adds sensors and the like to their networks.

    The device provisioning process turns out to be rather involved, and so doesn’t scale well. IT admins may find it acceptable to spend 20 minutes or more configuring and authenticating a single device, but when there are hundreds or thousands of the things to set up, no one wants to enroll the assorted gadgets, geegaws and MacGuffins manually.

    A year ago, Intel took a stab at addressing the device enrollment problem with its Secure Device Onboard service, which uses Intel Enhanced Privacy ID (EPID) data embedded in chips to automatically validate and provision corresponding IoT devices.

    Arm, it turns out, has something similar, an IoT management platform called Pelion. And because kit from the two companies often turns up in the same deployment, the competitors have found common cause.

    Together, the two chip firms believe they can provide a path to securely connect any device to any cloud, thanks to the provisioning data each embeds in its respective silicon.

    A Transformative Device-to-Data Platform for Connected IoT that Empowers an Intelligent Enterprise
    https://www.arm.com/products/iot/pelion-iot-platform

    The Pelion IoT Platform is a flexible, secure, and efficient foundation spanning connectivity, device, and data management. It accelerates the time to value of your IoT deployments by helping you easily connect trusted IoT devices on global networks, invisibly administer them, and extract real-time data from them to drive competitive advantage

    Reply
  34. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Syncron, a SaaS to help manufacturers move to a service model, raises $67M
    https://techcrunch.com/2018/10/15/syncron/

    Specifically, Syncron’s tech reads IoT sensor data on equipment and parts to analyse their lifetime and suggest replacement, inventory restocking, and price for replacement parts. In other words, Syncron makes IoT data actionable.

    “Manufacturers are turning to Syncron to help in the shift to servitization, which requires maximized product uptime,” explains Gruden. “As more products are equipped with smart sensors, it is more important than ever to shift from a reactive, break-fix service model to one focused on maximizing product uptime, or preemptively repairing equipment before it ever fails. The best way to achieve this is to leverage sensor-based IoT data to ensure parts are pre-emptively replaced before they fail – and this is where Syncron and our solutions come in”.

    The strategy appears to be working, too, given today’s growth funding and the list of companies as customers Syncron boasts, which span various manufacturers that make heavy machines and equipment, everything from industrial and agricultural equipment to mining and construction, automotive, aerospace, energy and utilities, and more. They include ABB, Atlas Copco, BAE, Brother, CLAAS, Electrolux, Hitachi, JCB, Manitowoc, Mazda, Motor Coach Industries, Perkins, Renault, Siemens, and Terex.

    Reply
  35. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Canonical announced a partnership with Eurotech to help organizations advance in the IoT realm. In connection with this partnership, Canonical “has published a Snap for the Eclipse Kura project—the popular, open-source Java-based IoT edge framework. Having Kura available as a Snap—the universal Linux application packaging format—will enable a wider availability of Linux users across multiple distributions to take advantage of the framework and ensure it is supported on more hardware. Snap support will also extend on Eurotech’s commercially supported version; the Everywhere Software Framework (ESF).”
    Source: https://www.linuxjournal.com/content/canonical-announces-partnership-eurotech-big-four-end-support-tls-10-and-11-sony-using

    Canonical collaborates with Eurotech on edge computing solutions
    https://snapcraft.io/blog/canonical-collaborates-with-eurotech-on-edge-computing-solutions

    Coinciding with IoT World Solutions Congress in Barcelona this week, Canonical is pleased to announce a dual-pronged technological partnership with Eurotech to help organisations advance their internet of things enablement. Eurotech is a long time leader in embedded computing hardware as well as providing software solutions to aid enterprises to deliver their IoT projects either end to end or by providing intervening building blocks.

    As part of the partnership, Canonical has published a Snap for the Eclipse Kura project – the popular, open-source Java-based IoT edge framework. Having Kura available as a Snap – the universal Linux application packaging format – will enable a wider availability of Linux users across multiple distributions to take advantage of the framework and ensure it is supported on more hardware. Snap support will also extend on Eurotech’s commercially supported version; the Everywhere Software Framework (ESF). By installing Kura as a Snap on a device, users will benefit with automatic updates to ensure they are always working from the latest version while with the reassurance of a secure, confined environment.

    Reply
  36. Tomi Engdahl says:

    From Pokémon to Power Plants: The AR and IIoT Revolution
    https://www.electronicdesign.com/industrial-automation/pok-mon-power-plants-ar-and-iiot-revolution?NL=ED-005&Issue=ED-005_20181017_ED-005_597&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_1_b&utm_rid=CPG05000002750211&utm_campaign=20727&utm_medium=email&elq2=bd6a9a615c4a4622b7b435a1398c0d0b

    Emerging technologies such as the IIoT and augmented reality are reshaping industrial workflows through advanced monitoring and predictive maintenance.

    With industry analysts predicting 50 billion connected devices worldwide by 2020, the digital landscape continues to rapidly change. From the home to the entertainment space, companies have been harnessing the Internet of Things (IoT) to improve daily life by creating networks of physical devices, home appliances, and vehicles that are smarter and more integrated.

    Technology companies are investigating augmented reality (AR) as a potential solution to this big-data challenge.

    Also consider tools such as the Apple ARKit that make apps that overlay data on baseball games or an image of a street. Viewers can see real-time statistics and information about players running on the field or retrieve real-time information about restaurants and shops as they’re walking down the street.

    The Unique Challenges of the Industrial Space

    The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) involves enormous networks of connected devices, but instead of smartphones and Roombas, the “things” are operational machinery, transportation equipment, and large assets used in production and manufacturing. The data here is huge: ABI Research (Q1 2017) predicts that by 2020, over 78 exabytes of data will be created by industrial machines. At some power plants, over 1.5 terabytes of maintenance data are produced per day.

    This data is essential because it can help ensure profitable operation and prevent a costly plant outage. Plants often contain critical assets that need to be properly run and maintained. Big data informs daily decisions that can potentially save—or cost—companies millions of dollars. Not surprisingly, IBM expects the role of “data scientist” to grow 28% by 2020.

    Smart, Connected Assets and Predictive Maintenance’s Potential

    Industrial equipment failures and inefficient maintenance cost businesses tens of billions of dollars every year. The ARC Advisory Group estimates that unscheduled shutdowns, coupled with poor maintenance practices, cost global process industries 5% of total production annually, or $20 billion each year.

    Several technology companies, including NI, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, OSIsoft, and PTC, are already exploring how the use of new AR technologies as part of an IIoT solution can decrease downtime, improve efficiency, and promote safety in the industrial space. These technology companies teamed up with Flowserve to collaborate on a real-time, end-to-end predictive-maintenance system featuring AR to help maintenance managers monitor the most critical moving parts in industrial plants such as power plants and O&G refineries.

    Solutions from IIoT Company Collaborators

    Augmented reality goes far beyond Pokémon and other smartphone games. The smart pump and brewery collaborations are just two examples of IIoT companies working together to solve difficult industrial problems. Both collaborations combine interoperable technologies that acquire and process data at the edge, software platforms that help analyze and visualize, and cutting-edge AR tools that get the right data to the right person faster

    Reply
  37. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Securing the Future of IoT
    https://www.electronicdesign.com/industrial-automation/securing-future-iot?NL=ED-005&Issue=ED-005_20181017_ED-005_597&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_2_b&utm_rid=CPG05000002750211&utm_campaign=20727&utm_medium=email&elq2=bd6a9a615c4a4622b7b435a1398c0d0b

    It’s incumbent on IoT device manufacturers to build with a “security by design” mindset. And that means a future-proofing flexible approach, not one that’s hardware-centric.

    But this explosion of connectivity is also unmatched in its risk. Smart doesn’t inherently mean secure, and with the millions of devices privileged to our personal information and data, the prospect of hackers infiltrating the intricate web of connectivity in our homes presents a serious threat to security and the well-being of our households and families.

    This is why IoT device manufacturers must build with a “security by design” mindset, which begins by selecting a robust operating system that’s both secure and ready for future market demands. Devices need to not only protect home networks—they need to future-proof them. As malicious actors are constantly evolving their activities, businesses must be flexible and proactive in their approach to security, shedding the old hardware-centric view of IoT security. In addition, businesses risk missing out unless they differentiate on software-defined features. Software maintenance must also increase to align with a hardware device’s lifespan in order to stay relevant in the world of IoT and usable to the end user.

    Apps for IoT

    The Internet of Things is the gateway to the future. But like any gateway, unless somebody or something is standing guard, then anyone can walk in and tamper with your belongings. Thus, manufacturers are looking for ways to clamp down on that potential breach and secure their hardware.

    For example, Fingbox, an IoT home-networking security and troubleshooting device developed by Fing, employs Canonical’s Ubuntu Core Linux-based operating system to help it secure and protect tens of thousands of homes. Ubuntu Core not only increases and enhances Fingbox’s hardware security, but also provides the necessary future-proofing by providing all of its software components in a secure and modular packaging format called Snaps.

    Snaps are containerized software packages managed through Snapcraft, a platform that developers can use to build and publish Snap-based applications. Snaps enables developers to push software updates that install automatically and roll back in the event of failure.

    The likelihood of an improper update breaking a device or degrading the end-user experience as a result is greatly reduced. If a security vulnerability is discovered in the code used by an application, the application publisher is notified so the Snap can be rebuilt quickly with the supplied fix and pushed out in a controlled and managed fashion.

    In the case of smart-home devices, rolling out a security patch seamlessly without disrupting home life is a great advantage. Because external threats are ever-changing, and their degree and methods of attack vary, the modern home-security network demands an agile and reliable solution that can be managed by the home user.

    Snaps are just one example in an emerging IoT trend that’s shifting from the traditional attitude toward embedded devices as being hardware-centric and a single, fixed function purpose.

    Ready for the Future

    There is now a keen focus on updating and extending the functionality of IoT devices, similar to what we’ve all become accustomed to with the modern-day world of mobile devices and the smartphone. In this approach, companies can create and publish new applications and services via their own branded IoT app stores and extend device lifecycles as well as increase customer retention and revenues.

    The app store approach also encourages the creation of license models and revenue streams based on specific feature enablement and user behavior. For example, Tesla can remotely configure their cars to enable self-driving capabilities in different models. Likewise, IoT devices can allow for mass customization of devices based on specific customer needs, licensing, and market demands for a device manufacturer’s brand-specific offering.

    Secure the Device Now, Secure Your Business for the Future

    Despite hardware security being crucial to home network security, companies still aren’t paying sufficient attention to securing their defenses. Instead, device manufacturers place the responsibility on the end-user to monitor the security and safety of their home networks. This isn’t sustainable in the smart era of IoT.

    With the arrival of the IoT application approach, the security burden can be taken off the end-user and homeowners as well as businesses. They can now trust a single piece of hardware as it silently stands guard, updating and remediating any security issues that might arise.

    Modern IoT devices demand heightened security.

    Reply
  38. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Revolutionize Your IoT Prototyping
    with NXP
    https://www.hackster.io/contests/rapid-iot

    Simultaneously create mobile, embedded, cloud applications out of the box!
    Win up to $6,000+ in prizes!

    NXP’s Rapid IoT is designed to radically reduce development time freeing you up to do what you do best- innovate. Use the kit and the software to develop IoT solutions in as easy as 1-2-3. NXP would like to see what type of IoT end node design you can create using the new Rapid IoT prototyping kit.

    Reply

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