5G trends for 2019

Here is my collection of relevant trend for 5G networks for 2019:

The most newsworthy stories in wireless today are all about 5G. In 2019, we enter a cautious, early-adoption phase of this next generation of wireless technology. 2019 will be the year when we see the first commercial networks turning on and first handsets arriving in the market. Only a small number of users will get a first taste of 5G in specific geographic locations, using specific applications, none of which are ubiquitous or cost-optimized.

5G promises a paradigm shift in throughput, latency, and scalability.We are not here yet, and may not reach those all those promises in 2019 because we might have to wait to 2020 to get a good selection of devices that can use 5G networks.The initial 5G market in 2019 might not be yet very big. The real business could start in 2020.

It is expected that by 2025, the emerging wireless 5G market is expected to reach a total value of $250B1. 5G is projected to be 100 times faster than 4G LTE. Ericsson over 1 billion 5G subscriptions for enhanced mobile broadband by the end of 2023, accounting for around 12% of all mobile subscriptions. By end of 2023, close to 50% of all mobile subscriptions in North America are forecast to be for 5G. For Western Europe 5G penetration is expected to be at 21%.

Plenty of publications are going to claim 2019 as “The Year of 5G,” but we are just seeing the first wave which could be seen as not meeting the 5G hype. 5G will arrive into this world as a marketing gimmick. When it does fully roll out, 5G has the potential to be a great but is in a risk that it is already oversold (like what happened to 3G initially). Sure, widespread use is still a few years away, but before handset manufacturers, embedded devices for industrial applications, connected cars, and the like begin to take hold, some infrastructure needs to be in place.

There will be exciting 5G applications coming in 2019. All of the hype and irrational exuberance of a few years ago are turning into initial pilot deployments. 5G is just now getting close to emerging into real wireless networks. Despite the hype, there’s still plenty of work to do and improvements to make.  And there will be failed attempts to build those new networks and applications.

The main features of the 5G are high capacity, short delay and the ability to connect a massive number of IoT sensors to the network. 5G network can be used to implement customized network services that are suitable for different needs. The capacity of the 5G network serves to exponentially increase the amount of data.The short delay is important in many different industries. Delay is of great importance in the remote control of self-propelled vehicles and other machines and equipment. It is also seen as useful for AI applications.

Networks start up

Next year, it will be interesting, for example, when the first commercial 5G networks start up.

What is true 5G will be asked often. One question to consider is if these deployed networks will be “true 5G.” It will depend on how 5G is defined. An accepted definition of a 5G subscriber is a device supporting the New Radio (NR) protocol connected to an NR base station. This is independent of which spectrum band the network utilizes. We will see NR deployed across the entire spectrum range depending on what assets operators have available to support their strategy. For the sub-6-GHz infrastructure, Release 15 radio standards specifications are comprehensive. For mmWave the technology has not been defined so clearly yet.5G deployments have begun. Carriers have promised to begin rolling out the technology in the States early 2019. Most initial deployments may be on sub-6-GHz bands, but there will be some fixed wireless use cases using millimeter-wave (mmWave) technologies.

Initially, 5G will provide the ability to deliver mobile broadband at lower cost to operators, but as full NR capability emerges, there are some exciting applications and use cases forthcoming. Industrial automation is one of the promising use cases that may leverage the low latency and high reliability provided by future 5G networks. If you recall the original IMT2020 KPIs set out by the ITU, there are several requirements that will certainly be met, but don’t expect all of the KPIs to be achieved by any operator on Day 1.

We will see NR deployed across the entire spectrum range depending on what assets operators have available to support their strategy.

Based on recent announcements from key industry players (i.e., Verizon, AT&T, Sprint, and T-Mobile), the first 5G commercial deployments will likely commence during the second half of 2019, with a target to have 5G commercial service available in 2020.
One question to consider is if these networks will be “true 5G.” It will depend on how 5G is defined. AT&T’s 5G network goes live in 12 cities — but you can’t use it yet because 5G device sales don’t start until next year.

For example, the 5G services soon launched by the Finnish operators are based on Non-Standalone (NSA) standard standard, where the data stream runs along the 5G radio path, but the control and control data of the connection passes through the LTE channel.

5G networks will be more or less cloud based. Mobile Operator DNA introduces Nokia’s cloud platforms in its upcoming 5G networks. With the new features, the degree of automation, capacity and programmability of today’s networks can be raised to a new level, according to DNA.

What is the indoor coverage of a 5G network compared to a 4G network? The 3.5 gigahertz frequency used by Telia behaves very similarly to the frequencies used so far, and the 3.5 gigahertz 5G networks are built on the same base stations as the 4G networks.

Once 5G uses mmWave signals, there will still be a lower-frequency (sub 6 GHz) “anchor” to handle data when there’s no mmWave service available. mmWave service will likely be used only when available and needed. Connectivity will be constant in sub 6 GHz bands. For example in Finland majority of first 5G activity will be at 3.5 GHz.We will need both mmWave and lower frequencies to provide what was promised. The very high frequency mmWave is needed to get enough bandwidth to fast data rates.

It seems that many network operators will be retaining all their 4G infrastructure for quite long time. When 5G wireless phone subscribers who don’t enable Wi-Fi end up in 5G dead spots, they’ll be connected via 4G instead. So the bright 5G future for an awful lot of mobile phone use will actually be Wi-Fi and 4G.


There will be many new mobile chips coming.Release 15 has provided SoC makers such as Qualcomm and Intel with what they need to get baseband processors out the door.

Qualcomm has unveiled the next generation of its Snapdragon family of processors, the 855 – the first chip optimized for bringing 5G connectivity to mobile devices. The 855 is manufactured with a 7-nanometer process. The Snapdragon 855, along with its X50 modem, position the company to dominate the first wave of 5G devices. Samsung and Verizon will partner to release a 5G smartphone using Qualcomm processors in the first half of 2019. AT&T says it’s getting that 5G Samsung phone, too. Currently, at least 18 major companies — including Samsung, Nokia / HMD, Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, HTC, LG, Asus, ZTE, Sharp, Fujitsu, and OnePlus — are working with Qualcomm and its Snapdragon X50 5G NR modems.

Intel is putting bets on its new XMM 8160 5G modem. The XMM 8160 modem is set to be released to manufacturers sometime in the second half of 2019, with the first devices using the chip coming in early 2020. Intel says that the modem will support both millimeter wave (mmWave) spectrum as well as lower-band parts of the spectrum. This Intel’s new 5G modem might power Apple’s first 5G iPhones because the company recently switched to using Intel modems exclusively for its 2018 iPhone XS and XR phones.

Huawei and Samsung are both also working on their own in-house 5G modems, too.

5G smartphones

At the moment, the expectation is that equipment manufacturers will bring the first 5G devices to consumers in the market in 2019.

Telia expects that the first devices will be routers, and tablets. It seems that in the first phase, 5G connections will be available to consumers in the form of broadband routers. Inseego has showed a mobile 5G hotspot it will launch at CES for Verizon’s network.

We’re going to see the first wave of 5G handsets appearing in 2019. At least OnePlus, Samsung, and Huawei will compete for the title of the first 5G smartphone.Huawei has promised 5G smart phone before summer. OnePlus and LG have committed to a handset and Samsung, being Samsung, has since committed to two. There will be possibly also other handsets available. It is expected that “flagship” high-end handsets will be the first to integrate some form of 5G radio. Apple is not expected to release a 5G handset until 2020.

There has been already some test 5G smart phones showed on tech shows. Samsung has showed an early version of its first 5G smartphone streaming 4K video to a large-screen TV. Motorola has demoed a 5G upgrade module that attached to its LTE smartphone.

Will you be holding a 5G smartphone in your hands in 2019? If you pay attention to the news, there’s a good chance of that happening. Will You Own a 5G Smartphone in 2019? For most people maybe not. The first 5G service plan prices will be expensive and the speeds will be considerably slower than maximums. In the beginning your 5G handset will likely spend a lot more time using 4G for quite many years. It means that until 5G becomes more ubiquitous, you’re going to be paying a hefty premium for a feature you barely use

What’s the status of 5G standards?

The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is defining the 5G standard, which needs to meet the following technical requirements, as defined by the International Telecommunication Union:

>10-Gb/s peak data rates for the enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB)
>1 M/km2 connections for massive machine-type communications (MMTC)
<1-ms latency for ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC).

The 5G standard will be defined in two subsequent releases – Release 15 and Release 16.

The Non-Stand-Alone spec came out in 2017 with the stand-alone spec released in June 2018. 3GPP Release 15 is almost done. Updates will include dual connectivity, the ability to simultaneously support LTE and 5G New Radio (5G NR). Download links will likely have both LTE and NR, possibly in the same frequency band but upload could stick to using only one connection. For the sub-6-GHz infrastructure, Release 15 radio standards specifications are comprehensive. Release 15 has provided SoC makers such as Qualcomm and Intel with what they need to get baseband processors out the door. Most of the forward-looking features reside in the baseband and generally will be implemented in software. Release 15 laid down the foundation to enable initial SoCs to be defined and subsequent first user devices to be available in 2019. For mmWave, we are still early in the game.

Work for Release 16 will start with mobile V2x communications. IoT is another aspect of Release 16. We will have to wait for it to become ready.


Lower latency, on the order of 1 ms, is an expected feature of 5G. It will be needed for industrial control applications and even more so in V2X communications needed for connected cars. This is the promise, but I expect that the first 5G networks might not be able to fulfill this 1 ms promise.

5G will also drive radio channel counts, whether it be for macro, massive MIMO, small-cell, or mmWave form factors. Macro base stations in the low bands will expand MIMO channel counts from 2T2R to 4T4R and possibly higher. Massive MIMO radios will have increased radio density per system ranging from 16T16R to 64T64R, and mmWave radios will have up to 256 RF channels in the analog beamformers.

Much of the work is still focused on infrastructure: the radios and networks that will carry all that data. There’s still plenty of R&D activity going on modems, antenna arrays, amplifiers, data converters, etc. Power amplifiers (PAs) are a critical component of 5G base stations and user equipment. Because 5G’s emphasis on power savings, engineers are designing PAs using GaN power transistors with some using the Doherty amplifier architecture. We need to continue to reduce size, weight, and power (SWaP) consumption while supporting wider bandwidths and higher operating frequencies.

5G systems claim to be more open than older telecom systems and they use open source components. The mobile industry’s equivalent of open source is Open RAN, which will enable a service creation environment that can help realize the more advanced 5G use cases.

There are hurdles that need to be cleared before full 5G deployment can be achieved. First, we need new spectrum. This is well underway globally with many countries allocating spectrum for 5G. Ideal spectrum allocations for 5G are on the order of 50 MHz or more of contiguous spectrum to take full advantage of NR.

Test equipment is showing signs of use outside the engineering lab as equipment manufacturers and network installers need 5G test equipment. If you design devices that will connect to 5G networks, you’ll probably need also simulations

With 5G moving out of the lab and onto the street, we will see lots of announcements regarding collaborations the bring 5G design and test products to market. Anritsu and Qualcomm succeeded in testing the 5G-SA connection (Standalone) with the MT8000A testing system and the Qualcomm 5G terminal with 5G NR modem (Snapdragon X50). The commercial offering of these “genuine” 5G connections will begin in China next year.

New interface ODI could be important for 5G testing. Six companies along with the AXIe Consortium and the VITA trade industry group have endorsed a new standard called Optical Data Interface (ODI). ODI is a high-speed interface for instrumentation and embedded systems, supporting speeds up to 80 GBytes/s. ODI is now positioned to address difficult challenges in 5G communications, mil/aero systems, and high-speed data acquisition.

Changes to core network

Core networks need to evolve. Because 5G is expected to reduce latency and increase reliability over LTE, core networks will evolve into software-defined networks (SDNs) that will treat data differently depending on use case. The radio-access networks (RANs) will be modified first to handle 5G NR, but the data packets will route to the 4G core network. Over time, a 5G network core will roll out.

Deploying 5G will require distinct indoor and outdoor strategies. 5G base stations will have to be spaced more closely, necessitating more of them, especially in densely populated areas compared to 3G or 4G. Dual-mode operation (4G/5G + WiFi)  is a blessing for operators evolving their networks to 5G. Indoor reception problems are guaranteed with 5G; higher-frequency millimeter wave signals in particular will not penetrate walls.

We will need both mmWave and lower frequencies to provide what was promised. The very high frequency mmWave is needed to get enough bandwidth to fast data rates. But the higher the frequency of a wireless signal, the less well it propagates and the less able it is to penetrate obstacles. Water vapor will cause signal loss at 24 GHz. Oxygen is an impediment at 60 GHz. Verizon and Samsung recently announced a successful data transmission using 800 MHz of bandwidth at 28 GHz, resulting in a maximum throughput of almost 4 Gb/s. A lot of traditional players now talk about how active antennas will become prevalent in mmWave.

There will be need for very many small 5G base stations. Maybe not in 2019, but some years later on urban networks. The strategy has been a combination of small cells with massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas to increase coverage. Wireless network operators have been considering small cells for more than 15 years, but if small cells were the best solution for anything we’d have them already. Maybe it is necessity for mmWave based 5G networks. Previous estimates have been that the average distance between 5G base stations might be 250m to 300m. But now most equipment designers are targeting 150 meters to 200 meters apart everywhere, simply to get adequate coverage.

Wireless operators are going to have to install more 5G base stations than they did to support 4G, they’re going to have to install more 5G base stations than they originally estimated. We need lots of new 5G base stations and innovation how to install them to our environment.There will be many different approaches. Manhole cover can server as antennas. 5G base stations will be integrated to street lights, bus stops and advertisement displays.

IoT and autonomous cars

The standards for 5G will be defined in large part by the direct integration of Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrial IoT (IIoT) devices into global networks and devices. There is not yet ready 5G standards for those applications. So for 2019 IoT and IIoT will need to be pretty much stick to 4G technologies like NB-IoT and LTE-M. For 5G to shape industrial computing application in larger scale than just some small tests we will have to wait till 2020. Researchers seeking to impact 5G technologies are focused on how to properly introduce this new species of computing into the mobile networking ecosystem.

Work for Release 16 will start with mobile V2x communications. IoT is another aspect of Release 16, which should make IoT communications more efficient, reliable and lower the latency.

It is believed that 5G’s “big data pipe” will make vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2X) technologies even more powerful than originally planned. Having a high-data-rate pipe is essential to allowing vehicles to exchange information with each other. Future safety technologies could get bigger with the advent of 5G cellular communications. 5G offers data rates measured in Gigabits per second, whereas the dedicated short-range communication system (DSRC) originally intended for V2X is measured in Megabits per second. More bandwidth could translate into more information and greater safety. There’s also a new evaluation methodology being defined for V2X use cases including vehicle platooning, advanced driving to enable semi-autonomous or fully-autonomous driving, and remote driving.

The 5G technology is first utilized in the industrial sector, where it has promised to have many applications. Addressing the issues behind Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) devices is important. Qualcomm, the largest supplier of modem chips used in smartphones, has introduced the X50 modem to give IIoT devices the ability to communicate over 5G networks.


Is 5G Technology a Blessing or a Curse for Security? The answer depends who you ask it. There are conflicting schools of thought about 5G security. Ericsson asserts that security has been built into 5G from the ground upInverse report warns that 5G’s inevitable internet of things (IoT) wave could create massive security headaches. I think the technology is new and it is inevitable that there will be many security issues until most of them get sorted out.

Trade war hits 5G

The USA vs China trade war will have some effect on the 5G development. USA has claimed that Chinese companies like Huawei and ZTE can use their telecom gear to spy on users. The Chinese telecommunications company Huawei is under scrutiny around the globe over concerns that its close ties with the Chinese government present national security threats to the U.S., Europe and allied countries.

Chinese Huawei has been subjected to a number of countries’ teeth when its network devices are not approved for 5G operators.

Countries like the United States, Australia and Japan have blocked Huawei from building their next-generation, super-fast 5G internet networks. Over the summer, Australia barred Huawei from providing 5G technology for wireless networks over espionage fears. In New Zeland GCSB bans Spark from using Huawei gear for its 5G mobile upgrade. In UK BT plans to remove the Chinese firm’s gear from the core of its networks. Germany’s IT watchdog has expressed scepticism about calls for a boycott of Chinese telecoms giant Huawei. German security authority BSI (Das Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik) had not found any evidence that Huawe’s equipment would in any way be less secure than its competitors.

The current situation has caused annoyance, even despair in Huawei’s leadership. Will there be any effect for 5G development of this? SoftBank Corp sees no tech impact from not using Huawei gear.


Due to the fast-growing 4K/8K ultra-HD video applications and the ever increasing use of AR and VR applications, 5G is needed to supplement the capacity of 4G networks.

Social Automation with 5G: About 20 percent of smart phone users believe that 5G will make it easier to connect to different IoT devices, such as home appliances and many home appliances. I think that those believes are not to be realized by 5G in 2019, because making connections to IoT devices easier is not about 5G, but IoT systems development in general. Adding 5G to the IoT communications jungle had potential to first make configuring the devices harder (more networking options means more complicated settings on device).

Operators have claimed many different applications that 5G would make it possible. In many cases those could be made without 5G and even might have already done before 5G networks become live. Here are some examples:

Remote surgery: Ahmedabad Doctor Claims World’s First Telerobotic Heart Surgery on Patient 32 KM Away article tells that Dr Tejas Patel, an internationally renowned cardiologist, claims to have performed the world’s first cardiovascular stent surgeryoperating from a remote area. I did not seem any mention of 5G used there. I expect that this was performed using fixed network connections that are available now and are more reliable than wireless systems like 5G.

Self driving cars: They are already being tested without 5G. 5G could help here. For Self driving cars have multitude of challenges to get them run properly, and 5G will help to solve only few of them. We will need to wait for Release 16 standard to be implemented to network to see the benefits to autonomous traffic.

Artificial intelligence: We are already doing that without 5G. The current trends seems to be that the AI is made both at the edge device and in the cloud. Using this architecture 5G does not seem to do very much at the moment to help AI solutions.

Industrial applications: The short delay is said to be important in many different industries. And the 5G will be important for industrial applications. I am still waiting for real applications to appear. One question for critical industrial applications will be how reliable the 5G network will be. In the beginning there will always be issues in keeping the network reliable in changing wireless conditions and when the brand new devices have software bug in them. For industrial applications we need to find niches where benefits out-weight the potential risks that network might not be very reliable.

Be warned of “fake 5G”

5G will arrive into this world as a marketing gimmick. We will see lots of “fake 5G” marketing in 2019.

I expect we will see many first commercial 5G network press releases. Many marketers will try to frame their 5G offering to form in which they can claim it to be he “the first commercial 5G”. I expect that many of those news releases will be publishes in magazines as news that claim that 5G just started for real now.Was this really the first commercial 5g networks? Hard to say for sure and depends on criteria what is considered to be be “commercial 5G network”.

This can also mean that something that is not really still only 4G is rebranded as being 5G solution. Verge reports that AT&T customers will start to see a 5G logo appear in the corner of their smartphone next year — not because they’re using a 5G phone connected to a 5G network, but because AT&T is going to start pretending its most advanced 4G LTE tech is 5G.

Another example Forum Virium 5G test project in Helsinki Finland will use 4G LTE based NB-IOT and LTE-M technologies for IoT communications because 5G IoT standards are not ready yet and claims that those 4G solutions are 5G compatible (whatever it means). I think those are confusing and borderline deceptive moves designed to win the coming advertising wars around 5G.

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  1. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Satellite 5G booster C-Band Alliance appoints new gov’t affairs head

    The CBA is the entity that proposes to implement a safe and efficient clearing and repurposing of mid-band ‘C-band’ downlink spectrum to accelerate the deployment of 5G services in the U.S. The CBA was formed by Intelsat, SES, Eutelsat and Telesat, the band’s incumbents and the leading continental U.S. satellite services operators.

  2. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Jeremy Horwitz / VentureBeat:
    Verizon launches its mobile 5G network in parts of Chicago and Minneapolis, with a 5G-enabled Moto Z3 — Though South Korea’s government expected its three cellular carriers to be the world’s first to offer commercial 5G services with smartphones based on the 3GPP’s official 5G standard …

    Verizon launches mobile 5G network early, stripping South Korea of bragging rights

    Though South Korea’s government expected its three cellular carriers to be the world’s first to offer commercial 5G services with smartphones based on the 3GPP’s official 5G standard, Verizon today launched its mobile 5G network ahead of schedule — a win for the U.S. company as it sought to establish further global 5G bragging rights.

    “Verizon customers will be the first in the world to have the power of 5G in their hands,”

  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Mark Sullivan / Fast Company:
    Source: Intel has missed deadlines for the development of a 5G modem for the 2020 iPhones; Apple has 1,000-1,200 engineers working on modems for future iPhones — [Updated with Intel comment Wednesday 11:30 p.m. Pacific Time] — As of now Apple plans to release a 5G iPhone in 2020.

    Inside Apple’s shaky plan to deliver a 5G iPhone in 2020 [Updated]

    Apple is relying on Intel for its 5G modem, and things are not going smoothly between the two companies.

  4. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Analog Devices – Kit provides eval platform for microwave wideband synthesizer with integrated VCO (EVAL-ADF4371)

    Analog Devices EVAL-ADF4371 Evaluation Kit presents a demonstration and evaluation platform for the ADF4371 Microwave Wideband Synthesizer with integrated voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). The board provides a pre-mounted ADF4371 RF IC, a USB interface, power supply connectors, and 12 Subminiature Version A (SMA) connectors.

  5. Tomi Engdahl says:

    A Closer Look at the Samsung S10 5G’s AI Engine

    A breakdown of the key components of the Qualcomm AI Engine behind Samsung’s latest generation of smartphones.

    Samsung’s latest smartphone, the S10 5G, was one of the biggest announcements to come out of the February 2019 Mobile World Congress (MWC).While the phone offers a number of impressive upgrades in terms of display quality, camera, ect. The major innovations come in the form of the phone’s 5G modem (hence the name), and more notably, the next-generation AI Engine at the phone’s core.

    These major improvements come courtesy of the Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 Mobile Platform on which the S10 5G is built.

    The smartphone’s 5G designed was created using a Snapdragon X50 5G modem. Although 5G is the primary wireless system, a multi-gigabit 4G connectivity is onboard to assist in providing high data rates.

  6. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Why 5G isn’t quite what you think

    Cell phones have changed a lot – from two-pound brick phones to hi-res screens with built-in AI. Cellular technology is about to make an evolutionary leap, too.

    5G is almost here, but you’re gonna have to wait a little longer. Here’s why.

  7. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Five Myths About 5G, Debunked

    There are a lot of myths about what the fifth generation of wireless connectivity can and can’t do. WSJ’s Spencer Macnaughton debunks five common 5G myths.


    This video is simply misleading – you don’t need 5g for surgery, for robots, for operating agricultural machines, etc.

    You can just use the same stuff with a wired connection (fiberglass) more secure not easy to be hacked and more reliable then a wireless counterpart imagine you are in a Operation room and some snob hacks your 5g Android Bot doing the surgery would you like that ? No I guess not.

    Uncle Donnie wants the USA to get to – 6g first~!

  8. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Verizon flips on 5G for phones in parts of Chicago and Minneapolis

    While the roll out has started a week ahead of schedule, it’s only available in “parts” of the two Midwestern cities, according to the company. Those in the right spots, however, can expect top speeds of up to 1Gbps, per Verizon’s press materials.

  9. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Chris Welch / The Verge:
    Testing Verizon’s 5G network in Chicago with the Moto Z3 shows download speeds between 400-600 Mbps, ~10X faster than iPhone XS Max, but with limited coverage

    Verizon’s 5G network is blazing fast, but it barely exists

    Finding 5G coverage in Chicago, one of two launch cities, is extremely difficult

    I’ve spent the past 18 hours in Chicago not feasting on hot dogs or deep-dish pizza, but kicking the tires on Verizon’s just-launched 5G mobile network. Yesterday, the leading US carrier triumphantly announced the debut of 5G service in “select areas of Chicago and Minneapolis,” and said that “for the first time ever, customers can access a commercial 5G network with the world’s first commercially available 5G-enabled smartphone.” Verizon welcoming customers onto its 5G network came a week earlier than initially planned. Verizon hasn’t said why it abruptly moved things up, but carriers in South Korea also went live with 5G yesterday, so it’s possible the company didn’t want to get beat by its global peers.

  10. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Foreign Policy:
    How Huawei, once an upstart using licensed and sometimes stolen tech to undercut rivals, became a telecom infrastructure juggernaut during the 4G upgrade cycle

    The Improbable Rise of Huawei

    How did a private Chinese firm come to dominate the world’s most important emerging technology?

    A decade ago, in 2009, the Swedish phone giant Teliasonera set out to build one of the world’s first fourth-generation wireless networks in some of Scandinavia’s most important—and technologically savviest—cities. For Oslo, Norway, Teliasonera made an audacious and unexpected choice of who would build it: Huawei, a Chinese company with little presence outside China and some other developing markets.

    The same year, Huawei landed an even bigger and more unexpected contract to completely rebuild and replace Norway’s mobile phone network, which had first been built by the global standard-bearers: Ericsson of Sweden and Nokia of Finland. The Chinese upstart eventually completed the world’s most ambitious network swap ahead of schedule and under budget.

    To many in the wireless industry, it was a coming-of-age moment for Huawei, and for China.

    More important, Huawei has, by most accounts, taken the lead in the race to develop one of the modern world’s most important technologies: fifth-generation mobile telephony.

    5G will be, simply put, the central nervous system of the 21st-century economy—and if Huawei continues its rise, then Beijing, not Washington, could be best placed to dominate it.

    “A lot of their technical expertise as of late is because they have a lot of smart people.”

    When 3G and 4G networks were being built, Huawei was playing catch-up to its established rivals, licensing much of their technology. To some extent, that lured Ericsson and Nokia, which today are Huawei’s main rivals in the race to develop 5G, into a state of complacency, said Thillien of Fitch Solutions. They had invested a lot of money into what were then cutting-edge technologies and sought to squeeze the most they could out of them rather than racing ahead to the next stage, making their own developments obsolete. At the same time, they felt they had little to fear from what was then regarded as a nonthreatening Chinese firm.

    Now, the situation is reversed. Huawei has more 5G-related patents than any other firm

    Partly as a result of that technological arsenal, Huawei has been able to shape the rules of the road for 5G in a way it never could with earlier mobile technologies.Huawei has been able to shape the rules of the road for 5G in a way it never could with earlier mobile technologies. Over the past few years, telecoms engineers have regularly gathered every few months to hash out the evolving technical standards that will govern all aspects of 5G. And Huawei has simply flooded the zone, sending more engineers to those meetings than any other telecoms company and making more technical contributions to the still-evolving standard than anyone else, IPlytics found.

    With a Chinese company building the network through which huge volumes of data—phone calls, emails, and business transactions—will flow across the globe, U.S. officials fear that infrastructure could be subverted for espionage, allowing Beijing’s intelligence agencies to gather huge volumes of communications.

  11. Tomi Engdahl says:

    By spying on Huawei, U.S. found evidence against the Chinese firm

    U.S. authorities gathered information about Huawei Technologies Co Ltd through secret surveillance that they plan to use in a case accusing the Chinese telecom equipment maker of sanctions-busting and bank fraud, prosecutors said on Thursday.

    The United States has been pressuring other countries to drop Huawei from their cellular networks, worried its equipment could be used by Beijing for spying. The company says the concerns are unfounded.

  12. Tomi Engdahl says:

    This week in Huawei – the Chinese company reported 2018 revenue of more than $105 billion, up almost 20% from 2017, and profit of more than $8 billion, a 25% gain. The privately held company has released audited financial results as a gesture toward openness

    With global competition for 5G wireless networks limited to Ericsson and Nokia, Huawei is poised to capture significant market share in 5G infrastructure. “Commercial power almost directly translates to standard-setting power

    Source: https://semiengineering.com/week-in-review-iot-security-auto-39/

    Huawei Shrugs Off U.S. Clampdown With a $100 Billion Year

  13. Tomi Engdahl says:


    Maailman ensimmäinen 5G-verkoissa toimiva älypuhelin esiteltiin 4. huhtikuuta 2019. Asialla oli Samsung ja Albert Hoseong Kang sen tuotesuunnittelun divisioonasta. Galaxy S10 5G tulee ensiksi myyntiin Koreassa, mutta myös muilla markkinoilla, kunhan 5G-verkkojen toiminta alkaa kunnolla.

    Vai onko kyse 5G-puhelimesta? Eurooppaan laite on tulossa Samsungin omalla Exynos 9820 -piirisarjalla varustettuna. Sen sisältä löytyy LTE-Advanced-modeemi, joka kyllä yltää parhaimmillaan kahden gigabitin datanopeuksiin.

    Myös Amerikassa 5G-status on vähän kyseenalainen. Siellä S10 5G:tä yydään Qualcommin Snapdragon 855 -piirisarjalla, jonka kyljessä on X24-modeemipiiri. Sitäkään ei ole luokiteltu varsinaiseksi 5G-modeemiksi. Vasta Qualcommin X50-piiriä on pidetty oikeana 5G-modeemina.

  14. Tomi Engdahl says:


    Apple on jäämässä selvästi jälkeen 5G-älypuhelinten kisassa. Syynä on yksinkertaisesti se, ettei sillä ole käytettävissään 5G-verkoissa toimivia modeemipiirejä. Nyt näyttää siltä, että 5G-iPhonea odottavat joutuvat odottamaan jopa vuoteen 2021. Kun Samsung, Huawei ja OnePlus ovat jo tuomassa laitteitaan myyntiin

  15. Tomi Engdahl says:


    Elisa tuo Nokian FastMile 5G -reitittimen avulla tarjolle uusimmat ultranopeat laajakaistapalvelut. Jo aiemmin Telia on kertonut aloittavansa Nokian reitittimen myynnin.

    Elisa avasi kaupallisen 5G-verkon ensimmäisenä Suomessa. Verkko kattaa tällä hetkellä Tampereen, Jyväskylän, Turun ja Helsingin kaupunkikeskustojen alueet. 5G-verkkoa rakennetaan vauhdilla eri puolilla Suomea. Tukiasemia on eri kaupungeissa jo satoja.

    Elisa on tarjonnut verkkoihinsa useiden valmistajien reitittimiä, mutta Huawein laitekirjo on ollut laajin. Nokia tuo kaivatun lisän tähän valikoimaan.

    Operaattoreista DNA ei ole vielä kertonut 5G-reititinmyynnin aloittamisesta. Tänään DNA kertoi, että pääkaupungin 4G-verkko on päivitetty entistä nopeammaksi ja samalla 5G-valmiuteen.

  16. Tomi Engdahl says:


    Elisa tarjoaa Nokian 5G-reitittimet asiakkailleen toisen vuosineljänneksen aikana. Elisa pystyy tarjoamaan asiakkailleen uusien FastMile 5G -reitittimien avulla aiempaa nopeammat langattomat laajakaistapalvelut.

  17. Tomi Engdahl says:

    “How we use the car, how we view the car, how we live and work in the car, will fundamentally change,” says 5GAA’s Thierry Klein

    The 5G Automotive Association (5GAA) is a global, cross-industry organization of companies from the automotive, technology, and telecommunications industries (ICT), working together to develop end-to-end solutions for future mobility and transportation services.

  18. Tomi Engdahl says:


    Ford just announced in January that they will put cellular V2X technology in all their cars in the US starting in 2022. China has announced that they will go with cellular V2X technologies starting in 2020.

  19. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Miniature, High-Performance, Low-Cost 5G Transceiver Design

    Researchers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology have devised a strategy to support high-speed mobile data access using the millimeter-wave spectrum for a fifth-generation (5G) cellular network — the highly-anticipated wireless network of the near future. Measuring just 3 mm by 4 mm, this tiny transceiver could help improve performance of 5G and Internet of Things (IoT) devices.

    The new transceiver measures only 3 mm x 4 mm. The proposed chip, fabricated in a standard 65-nanometer CMOS process, takes up a total area of just 12 mm2.

    Preliminary testing showed that the maximum data rate achieved was 15 gigabits per second in the 64-QAM format.

    The proposed device uses two techniques to optimize performance: beamforming, an efficient signal processing method that involves “pointing” antenna arrays in optimal directions; and dual polarized MIMO capability, which utilizes multiple antennas at both ends of the transceiver (transmitter and receiver) to boost data rates.

  20. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Apple’s Rivals See 5G as ‘Golden Opportunity’ to Beat iPhone
    LG and Motorola look to capitalize on Apple’s go-slow approach

    Now that the first 5G devices are hitting the U.S. market, Apple Inc. is under more pressure to start readying a comparable iPhone — or watch its dominance come under attack.

    Already, Motorola Mobility Holdings has a quasi-5G phone out — it requires a snap-on module — and Samsung Electronics Co. will start selling its own version through Verizon Communications Inc. on April 18. LG Electronics Inc. is planning to launch one at Sprint Corp. “very soon” and is trying to accelerate the rollout of a model for Verizon, aiming to capitalize on the frenzy surrounding the ultrafast network technology.

    In fact, all the big U.S. handset sellers have shown, announced or launched 5G devices. All except Apple

    The company isn’t expected to release a compatible iPhone this year, and even 2020 isn’t a sure thing.

    “They can probably get by in 2019 without a 5G handset,”

    “But in 2020, if they don’t have a 5G handset, it could impact their market share. Not just in the U.S., but also other markets.”

    It’s hard to gauge the risk for Apple if it’s a laggard in the 5G race.

    “There are some early adopters that really want a 5G device.”

    Apple currently works with chipmaker Intel Corp., which doesn’t expect to be able to sell 5G components at scale until 2020. If Apple sticks with that supplier, it may not get a phone out in the market until 2020 or even 2021

    The company could also develop something internally: Recent job ads have hinted that Apple may be developing its own 5G chip. But that approach may be more challenging.

    Apple’s phone rivals aren’t wasting any time.

    “This is a golden opportunity for us,” Yasser Nafei, a senior vice president at LG, said in an interview. “Apple didn’t want to get into this game fast.”

    “There are some early adopters that really want a 5G device, so I think we could see some market-share gains,” Michau said.

    “It will be years before . . . having a 5G handset will make a material difference in anyone’s user experience.”

  21. Tomi Engdahl says:

    How US went from telecoms leader to 5G also-ran without challenger to China’s Huawei

    After the initial boom in the mobile industry following deregulation, the US telecommunications industry began to decline from 2001

  22. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Todd Shields / Bloomberg:
    FCC will begin 37GHz, 39GHz, and 47GHz spectrum auctions for 5G use on Dec. 10, announces the $20.4B Rural Digital Opportunity Fund to connect up to 4M homes

    Trump Says U.S. ‘Must Win’ Race to Develop 5G Infrastructure

    President Donald Trump said the U.S. will cut regulations and free up spectrum for 5G technology amid tight competition with China and other nations to develop the next generation of telecommunications infrastructure.

    “The race to 5G is a race that America must win,” Trump said

    U.S. telecommunications providers are racing to be first to market with 5G connections. Full-fledged nationwide 5G service is still more than a year away

    “So far, this administration’s interventions on 5G have done more harm than good,” Jessica Rosenworcel, the FCC’s senior Democrat, said in an emailed statement. Tariffs have raised the cost of 5G equipment, the administration has alienated allies whose cooperation is needed for telecommunications security, and it has focused on the wrong airwaves, she said.

    “The White House has yet to offer a workable plan for U.S. leadership,” Rosenworcel said.

    The FCC is considering banning the use of U.S. subsidies for equipment from providers such as China-based Huawei Technologies Co. that are deemed a national security risk

  23. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Chris O’Brien / VentureBeat:
    Nokia’s factory in Finland, where execs say they have automated some product lines to ~99%, shows how high-speed connectivity can transform manufacturing

    Inside Nokia’s factory of the future: Robots, data, automation, 5G, and even some humans

    Nokia’s “factory of the future” in Oulu, Finland offers a glimpse into a world in which high-speed connectivity promises to transform manufacturing.

    Nokia’s factory, where the company is manufacturing its 5G base stations. The Oulu campus is the heart of Nokia’s 5G radio design and innovation efforts, and having that manufacturing facility onsite allows the company to test and build equipment in tandem with researchers.

    As 5G networks begin to roll out, one of the most heavily hyped use cases is Industry 4.0, or the “factory of the future.” 5G proponents argue that these blazing-fast networks, which can support massive numbers of connected objects in small areas and with no latency, will allow manufacturers to use automation and data to make their facilities far more efficient.

    . “We have our own factory here,” said Jani Leskinen, head of Nokia’s research and development in Oulu. “Why not use this as a playground?”

    the connectivity is actually running on a 4G LTE network, at least for now. Nokia executives point out that 4G networks are currently underutilized and are still rolling out in many areas. Carriers want more time to recoup their investments on 4G even as they continue to make 5G plans, so a company like Nokia faces the delicate balancing act of encouraging greater connectivity now without undercutting 4G.

    Nokia’s message is that companies don’t need to wait for 5G to start connecting their factories.

    And using just 4G, executives estimate that they have automated some product lines in the Oulu factory to about 99%, with some prototyping processes remaining more manual.

    It’s an approach Nokia is calling the “conscious factory.”

    “With data analytics and the high level of automation, this manufacturing environment is full of innovation,”

  24. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Intel is quitting the 5G smartphone modem business: ‘There is no clear path to profitability and positive returns’

    Intel will abandon the market for smartphone 5G modem chips, the company said on Tuesday.
    The news came on the same day that Apple, Intel’s customer for 5G modem chips, settled a lawsuit with Qualcomm relating to the technology.
    The move marks the first big strategy change by new Intel CEO Bob Swan, who took the reins in January

    The company said it will focus its 5G wireless efforts on network infrastructure. But, when it comes to the smartphone modem business, CEO Bob Swan said in a statement, “it has become apparent that there is no clear path to profitability and positive returns.”

    Intel to quit 5G modem effort after Apple reaches deal with Qualcomm

    Intel is dropping its plan to make 5G cellular modems, with the announcement coming just hours after Apple reached a deal with rival Qualcomm to settle a patent dispute.

    Why it matters: Apple had been giving Intel an increasing share of the iPhone modem business as tensions were ratcheting up with Qualcomm. However, as part of its settlement, Apple reached a multiyear deal to get chips from Qualcomm.

    Show less
    Intel, which currently supplies all the modems for the iPhone XS and XR, said it will “continue to meet current customer commitments for its existing 4G smartphone modem product line,” but is assessing its options for the modem business and no longer plans to release a 5G modem next year as it had planned.
    Intel says it will now explore whether there is enough of a business opportunity in selling 4G and 5G modems for computers and Internet-of-things devices while continuing to invest in making components for 5G network infrastructure.

  25. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Sources: Apple was concerned about Intel as a sole supplier for its 5G iPhone planned for next year, prompting the settlement with Qualcomm

    Apple and Qualcomm settle dispute, paving way for 5G iPhone

    Intel pulls out of 5G smartphone chips as iPhone maker commits to rival

  26. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Will 5G play a role in IoT security?

    Threats abound for connected devices as carriers prepare for next-generation of wireless mobile communications.

    Still, many remain concerned about the security threats and vulnerabilities of this environment — whether it involves IoT networks, data, or the connected devices themselves.

    Can 5G, the upcoming fifth generation of wireless mobile communications, help enhance the security of IoT?

    “The problem isn’t with the standards themselves; rather it is the challenge of translating between the different domains and frameworks,” Bevan said. “You are only as secure as your weakest link, and this need to translate between frameworks could be one such weakness.”

    IoT security generally encapsulates existing security threats, but also has some unique challenges

    For example, enterprises have long juggled with how to address end-point security. “To balance the costs associated with deploying hundreds, if not thousands of sensors, end-point security is sometimes relatively unaddressed,” Filkins said. That can leave those end-points open to security breaches. “This puts much of the security heavy lifting on network and IT resources positioned further away from end-points,” he says.

    Research by Gartner Inc., estimated that worldwide spending on IoT security would reach $1.5 billion in 2018, a 28% increase from 2017 spending of $1.2 billion.

    The lower latency, increased bandwidth, and ability to dedicate network slices to specific use cases that are inherent in 5G design specifications will enable a range of new mobile and remote applications not been feasible with 4G technology, Bevan said.

    The new mobile wireless standard will allow enterprises to seamlessly connect more end-points to a network, Filkins said. “Of course, being wireless 5G will be another tool for enterprises to connect end-points as a potential alternative to a wired connection,” he said.

    While 5G is being hyped for IoT, many use cases will continue to rely on infrastructure leveraging existing wireless network protocols such as WiFi.

    “IoT connectivity needs can vary greatly by industry, which is where 5G will differentiate from prior mobile generations by enabling operators to service multiple IoT customers and/or use cases from their 5G network platform,” Filkins said.

    While 5G will eventually apply to both the consumer and enterprise spaces alike, it makes sense that many operators are focusing efforts to drive cellular IoT on Long-Term Evolution (LTE) networks with enterprise customers now, Filkins said. “Over time, these existing LTE-based IoT connections will be serviced by a multi-access 5G architecture [that] will simultaneously service 5G IoT connections as well,” he said.

    While 5G itself will not address IoT security threats, it will take a concerted effort from a range of stakeholders spanning mobile operators, enterprise customers, and perhaps specialty vendors to understand and address these issues, Filkins said.

    “As the network itself is upgraded to 5G, the need to upgrade network security will also be present,” Filkins said. “Operators have primarily focused on defending their networks from external, Internet-based intrusions. With IoT, you have greater potential for intrusions from inside the network or through ‘middle-man’ attacks.”

    “The vendor community is also moving swiftly to enhance 5G security, by converging traditional firewall functions with application visibility and security,”

    “As more IoT applications are run on the network, which could be hosted in a traditional data center or in an edge cloud, securing applications themselves will be at the forefront of 5G security concerns.”

    Any 5G security concerns related to IoT will be more present once operators introduce 5G core networks and further cater to the IoT needs of enterprise customers, Filkins said. Such 5G core network deployments are not expected to see broad uptake for a couple years

    “Good security is all about the combination of people, process, and technology; 5G by itself cannot properly address IoT security issues,”

    What’s needed is to design security into the IoT devices themselves, move toward a common set of end-to-end security frameworks, and essentially shift the issue of security closer to the design phase of both IoT products and services.

  27. Tomi Engdahl says:

    5G vaatii nanosekuntiluokan synkronointia

    Sveitsiläinen GNNS-moduuleja kehittävä u-blox kertoo nyt saaneensa GNSS-ajoituspiireilleen massiivisen tilauksen Kiinassa. Sen ajoitus synkronoi China Unicomin 416 000 uutta 4G-tukiasemaa.

    Vaikka sopimus koskee 4G-tukiasemia, niiden täytyy tukea tiukempaa synkronointia, jotta tuleva siirtymä 5G-tekniikkaan sujuu jouhevasti. 4G-verkoissa latentti on määritelty 10 millisekuntiin eli 5G-viive on tästä vain kymmenesosa. Käytännön yhteyksissä latenssi voi toki heitellä ja olla tätä suurempi.

  28. Tomi Engdahl says:

    This week in Huawei – the U.S. government is changing tactics on the worldwide development of networks for 5G cellular communications. Rather than trying to convince intelligence-sharing allies to ban the use of networking and telecommunications equipment made in China, the Trump administration is now suggesting that those allies develop strict 5G security standards – so strict that sketchy suppliers would be scared off.

    Source: https://semiengineering.com/week-in-review-iot-security-auto-40/

    U.S. shifts to require strict 5G security from allies, not Huawei bans

    Despite a particularly rough 2018, Chinese telecommunications hardware maker Huawei has tried to keep selling arguably insecure networking gear around the world — an effort openly opposed by the United States as its allies build early 5G networks. But in a subtle but meaningful shift, the U.S. is apparently relaxing its requirement that intelligence-sharing allies ban Huawei by name from their 5G networks, instead allowing those allies to adopt such strict 5G security standards that no questionable company will be allowed to participate.

    The dispute between the U.S. and two Chinese networking gear makers, Huawei and smaller rival ZTE, reached a boiling point in 2018 after simmering for years, as U.S. agencies accused the companies of everything from sanctions violations to creating hardware with backdoors for China’s government.

  29. Tomi Engdahl says:

    ANSYS 5G SoC Solutions

    Learn about multiphysics solutions that can solve 5G challenges across the chip, package, and system.

    System-On-Chips for 5G smartphones and networks are complicated since they need to manage huge amounts of antenna data and offer significantly high processing capabilities in a power and thermally constrained environments. ANSYS tools provide thermal, reliability, power-timing and electromagnetic analyses of SoCs that can reveal design weaknesses and prevent system failures

  30. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Ericsson and Swisscom in European commercial 5G first

    Issuing of commercial license enables long-term strategic partners to go live with 5G
    Swisscom consumers to enjoy commercial 5G services in 54 initial cities and communities across Switzerland, enabled by Ericsson’s advanced 5G network features

  31. Tomi Engdahl says:

    5G mobile network test: The secret ingredient for proficient 5G networks

    Imagine you’ve spent months designing a new base station with the best-of-breed test instruments at your disposal in your lab. It should work correctly in the real world, shouldn’t it? Not so fast. Wireless networks have evolved drastically over the past two decades, and 5G elevates network complexity to a whole new level with beamforming, massive multiple input multiple output (mMIMO), millimeter-wave (mmWave) frequencies, and a new flexible air interface. Performing network testing is critical for successful 5G commercial deployments. Listen up engineers­ — don’t let drive testing derail your company’s path to market leadership in 5G.


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