20 years of Linux

Linux is celebrating its 20th anniversary this year. Video and festival competitions can be found on Linux Foundation celebrating 20 years of Linux pages.

The History of Linux began in 1991 with the commencement of a personal project by a Finnish student, Linus Torvalds, to create a new operating system kernel. Ari Lemmke named the project “Linux” and uploaded it to FTP server.


I'll be celebrating 20 years of Linux with The Linux Foundation!
I use Linux every day and know personally some of the people who started it.

Watch the Story of Linux to remember – or learn for the first time – how Linux disrupted a market and has begun to change the world.


  1. Tomi says:

    Linux Celebrates its 20th Anniversary and the Story of its Roots [Infographic]

    Highlights from the timeline show how much has been achieved:

    * 1991: Linus Torvalds posts message: “Hello everyone out there,” and releases first Linix code.
    * 1993: Black Whale introduces first stand alone distribution.
    * 1994: Linus visits an aquarium, gets bit by a penguin and adopts the animal as the Linux mascot.
    * 1999: Red Hat goes pubic.
    * 2003: Torvalds appears on the cover of Business Week in story that says Linux is a business success.
    * 2007: Linux Foundation is formed to promote projects and standardize Linux.
    * 2010: Linux-based Android operating system becomes a huge success.
    * 2011: Linux turns 20 and powers the world’s businesses, stock exchanges and supercomputers.

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  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    ‘Linux is obsolete’ thread is started, January 29, 1992

    The Linux kernel had just been released by Torvalds in October 1991. The Usenet discussion group debate would branch to 73 posts as speculation spread beyond operating systems to future computing designs and MPU architecture.

    Tanenbaum was first to strike, posting that the Linux kernel had a monolithic design that he believed was detrimental to its abilities. A base of his argument was that the Linux kernel was too closely tied to the x86 line of processors to be of any use in the future, as he believed x86 architecture would be superseded in coming computing designs. He mentioned how writing a monolithic kernel in 1991 is “a giant step back into the 1970s.”

    Tanenbaum would later argue that Linux would become obsolete because the x86 architecture would be outdone by other architecture designs in the future.

    Since the 1992 debate, Linux has been ported to many other processor architectures, including ARM, AVR32, Alpha, IA-64, 680×0, MIPS, POWER/PowerPC, and SPARC.

  4. Four primary principles of success of Linux « Tomi Engdahl’s ePanorama blog says:

    [...] Linux community have created more value than anyone could have imagined in a little bit more than 20 years. Linux today is estimated to be worth more than [...]

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