5G trends for 2019

Here is my collection of relevant trend for 5G networks for 2019:

The most newsworthy stories in wireless today are all about 5G. In 2019, we enter a cautious, early-adoption phase of this next generation of wireless technology. 2019 will be the year when we see the first commercial networks turning on and first handsets arriving in the market. Only a small number of users will get a first taste of 5G in specific geographic locations, using specific applications, none of which are ubiquitous or cost-optimized.

5G promises a paradigm shift in throughput, latency, and scalability.We are not here yet, and may not reach those all those promises in 2019 because we might have to wait to 2020 to get a good selection of devices that can use 5G networks.The initial 5G market in 2019 might not be yet very big. The real business could start in 2020.

It is expected that by 2025, the emerging wireless 5G market is expected to reach a total value of $250B1. 5G is projected to be 100 times faster than 4G LTE. Ericsson over 1 billion 5G subscriptions for enhanced mobile broadband by the end of 2023, accounting for around 12% of all mobile subscriptions. By end of 2023, close to 50% of all mobile subscriptions in North America are forecast to be for 5G. For Western Europe 5G penetration is expected to be at 21%.

Plenty of publications are going to claim 2019 as “The Year of 5G,” but we are just seeing the first wave which could be seen as not meeting the 5G hype. 5G will arrive into this world as a marketing gimmick. When it does fully roll out, 5G has the potential to be a great but is in a risk that it is already oversold (like what happened to 3G initially). Sure, widespread use is still a few years away, but before handset manufacturers, embedded devices for industrial applications, connected cars, and the like begin to take hold, some infrastructure needs to be in place.

There will be exciting 5G applications coming in 2019. All of the hype and irrational exuberance of a few years ago are turning into initial pilot deployments. 5G is just now getting close to emerging into real wireless networks. Despite the hype, there’s still plenty of work to do and improvements to make.  And there will be failed attempts to build those new networks and applications.

The main features of the 5G are high capacity, short delay and the ability to connect a massive number of IoT sensors to the network. 5G network can be used to implement customized network services that are suitable for different needs. The capacity of the 5G network serves to exponentially increase the amount of data.The short delay is important in many different industries. Delay is of great importance in the remote control of self-propelled vehicles and other machines and equipment. It is also seen as useful for AI applications.

Networks start up

Next year, it will be interesting, for example, when the first commercial 5G networks start up.

What is true 5G will be asked often. One question to consider is if these deployed networks will be “true 5G.” It will depend on how 5G is defined. An accepted definition of a 5G subscriber is a device supporting the New Radio (NR) protocol connected to an NR base station. This is independent of which spectrum band the network utilizes. We will see NR deployed across the entire spectrum range depending on what assets operators have available to support their strategy. For the sub-6-GHz infrastructure, Release 15 radio standards specifications are comprehensive. For mmWave the technology has not been defined so clearly yet.5G deployments have begun. Carriers have promised to begin rolling out the technology in the States early 2019. Most initial deployments may be on sub-6-GHz bands, but there will be some fixed wireless use cases using millimeter-wave (mmWave) technologies.

Initially, 5G will provide the ability to deliver mobile broadband at lower cost to operators, but as full NR capability emerges, there are some exciting applications and use cases forthcoming. Industrial automation is one of the promising use cases that may leverage the low latency and high reliability provided by future 5G networks. If you recall the original IMT2020 KPIs set out by the ITU, there are several requirements that will certainly be met, but don’t expect all of the KPIs to be achieved by any operator on Day 1.

We will see NR deployed across the entire spectrum range depending on what assets operators have available to support their strategy.

Based on recent announcements from key industry players (i.e., Verizon, AT&T, Sprint, and T-Mobile), the first 5G commercial deployments will likely commence during the second half of 2019, with a target to have 5G commercial service available in 2020.
One question to consider is if these networks will be “true 5G.” It will depend on how 5G is defined. AT&T’s 5G network goes live in 12 cities — but you can’t use it yet because 5G device sales don’t start until next year.

For example, the 5G services soon launched by the Finnish operators are based on Non-Standalone (NSA) standard standard, where the data stream runs along the 5G radio path, but the control and control data of the connection passes through the LTE channel.

5G networks will be more or less cloud based. Mobile Operator DNA introduces Nokia’s cloud platforms in its upcoming 5G networks. With the new features, the degree of automation, capacity and programmability of today’s networks can be raised to a new level, according to DNA.

What is the indoor coverage of a 5G network compared to a 4G network? The 3.5 gigahertz frequency used by Telia behaves very similarly to the frequencies used so far, and the 3.5 gigahertz 5G networks are built on the same base stations as the 4G networks.

Once 5G uses mmWave signals, there will still be a lower-frequency (sub 6 GHz) “anchor” to handle data when there’s no mmWave service available. mmWave service will likely be used only when available and needed. Connectivity will be constant in sub 6 GHz bands. For example in Finland majority of first 5G activity will be at 3.5 GHz.We will need both mmWave and lower frequencies to provide what was promised. The very high frequency mmWave is needed to get enough bandwidth to fast data rates.

It seems that many network operators will be retaining all their 4G infrastructure for quite long time. When 5G wireless phone subscribers who don’t enable Wi-Fi end up in 5G dead spots, they’ll be connected via 4G instead. So the bright 5G future for an awful lot of mobile phone use will actually be Wi-Fi and 4G.


There will be many new mobile chips coming.Release 15 has provided SoC makers such as Qualcomm and Intel with what they need to get baseband processors out the door.

Qualcomm has unveiled the next generation of its Snapdragon family of processors, the 855 – the first chip optimized for bringing 5G connectivity to mobile devices. The 855 is manufactured with a 7-nanometer process. The Snapdragon 855, along with its X50 modem, position the company to dominate the first wave of 5G devices. Samsung and Verizon will partner to release a 5G smartphone using Qualcomm processors in the first half of 2019. AT&T says it’s getting that 5G Samsung phone, too. Currently, at least 18 major companies — including Samsung, Nokia / HMD, Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, HTC, LG, Asus, ZTE, Sharp, Fujitsu, and OnePlus — are working with Qualcomm and its Snapdragon X50 5G NR modems.

Intel is putting bets on its new XMM 8160 5G modem. The XMM 8160 modem is set to be released to manufacturers sometime in the second half of 2019, with the first devices using the chip coming in early 2020. Intel says that the modem will support both millimeter wave (mmWave) spectrum as well as lower-band parts of the spectrum. This Intel’s new 5G modem might power Apple’s first 5G iPhones because the company recently switched to using Intel modems exclusively for its 2018 iPhone XS and XR phones.

Huawei and Samsung are both also working on their own in-house 5G modems, too.

5G smartphones

At the moment, the expectation is that equipment manufacturers will bring the first 5G devices to consumers in the market in 2019.

Telia expects that the first devices will be routers, and tablets. It seems that in the first phase, 5G connections will be available to consumers in the form of broadband routers. Inseego has showed a mobile 5G hotspot it will launch at CES for Verizon’s network.

We’re going to see the first wave of 5G handsets appearing in 2019. At least OnePlus, Samsung, and Huawei will compete for the title of the first 5G smartphone.Huawei has promised 5G smart phone before summer. OnePlus and LG have committed to a handset and Samsung, being Samsung, has since committed to two. There will be possibly also other handsets available. It is expected that “flagship” high-end handsets will be the first to integrate some form of 5G radio. Apple is not expected to release a 5G handset until 2020.

There has been already some test 5G smart phones showed on tech shows. Samsung has showed an early version of its first 5G smartphone streaming 4K video to a large-screen TV. Motorola has demoed a 5G upgrade module that attached to its LTE smartphone.

Will you be holding a 5G smartphone in your hands in 2019? If you pay attention to the news, there’s a good chance of that happening. Will You Own a 5G Smartphone in 2019? For most people maybe not. The first 5G service plan prices will be expensive and the speeds will be considerably slower than maximums. In the beginning your 5G handset will likely spend a lot more time using 4G for quite many years. It means that until 5G becomes more ubiquitous, you’re going to be paying a hefty premium for a feature you barely use

What’s the status of 5G standards?

The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is defining the 5G standard, which needs to meet the following technical requirements, as defined by the International Telecommunication Union:

>10-Gb/s peak data rates for the enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB)
>1 M/km2 connections for massive machine-type communications (MMTC)
<1-ms latency for ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC).

The 5G standard will be defined in two subsequent releases – Release 15 and Release 16.

The Non-Stand-Alone spec came out in 2017 with the stand-alone spec released in June 2018. 3GPP Release 15 is almost done. Updates will include dual connectivity, the ability to simultaneously support LTE and 5G New Radio (5G NR). Download links will likely have both LTE and NR, possibly in the same frequency band but upload could stick to using only one connection. For the sub-6-GHz infrastructure, Release 15 radio standards specifications are comprehensive. Release 15 has provided SoC makers such as Qualcomm and Intel with what they need to get baseband processors out the door. Most of the forward-looking features reside in the baseband and generally will be implemented in software. Release 15 laid down the foundation to enable initial SoCs to be defined and subsequent first user devices to be available in 2019. For mmWave, we are still early in the game.

Work for Release 16 will start with mobile V2x communications. IoT is another aspect of Release 16. We will have to wait for it to become ready.


Lower latency, on the order of 1 ms, is an expected feature of 5G. It will be needed for industrial control applications and even more so in V2X communications needed for connected cars. This is the promise, but I expect that the first 5G networks might not be able to fulfill this 1 ms promise.

5G will also drive radio channel counts, whether it be for macro, massive MIMO, small-cell, or mmWave form factors. Macro base stations in the low bands will expand MIMO channel counts from 2T2R to 4T4R and possibly higher. Massive MIMO radios will have increased radio density per system ranging from 16T16R to 64T64R, and mmWave radios will have up to 256 RF channels in the analog beamformers.

Much of the work is still focused on infrastructure: the radios and networks that will carry all that data. There’s still plenty of R&D activity going on modems, antenna arrays, amplifiers, data converters, etc. Power amplifiers (PAs) are a critical component of 5G base stations and user equipment. Because 5G’s emphasis on power savings, engineers are designing PAs using GaN power transistors with some using the Doherty amplifier architecture. We need to continue to reduce size, weight, and power (SWaP) consumption while supporting wider bandwidths and higher operating frequencies.

5G systems claim to be more open than older telecom systems and they use open source components. The mobile industry’s equivalent of open source is Open RAN, which will enable a service creation environment that can help realize the more advanced 5G use cases.

There are hurdles that need to be cleared before full 5G deployment can be achieved. First, we need new spectrum. This is well underway globally with many countries allocating spectrum for 5G. Ideal spectrum allocations for 5G are on the order of 50 MHz or more of contiguous spectrum to take full advantage of NR.

Test equipment is showing signs of use outside the engineering lab as equipment manufacturers and network installers need 5G test equipment. If you design devices that will connect to 5G networks, you’ll probably need also simulations

With 5G moving out of the lab and onto the street, we will see lots of announcements regarding collaborations the bring 5G design and test products to market. Anritsu and Qualcomm succeeded in testing the 5G-SA connection (Standalone) with the MT8000A testing system and the Qualcomm 5G terminal with 5G NR modem (Snapdragon X50). The commercial offering of these “genuine” 5G connections will begin in China next year.

New interface ODI could be important for 5G testing. Six companies along with the AXIe Consortium and the VITA trade industry group have endorsed a new standard called Optical Data Interface (ODI). ODI is a high-speed interface for instrumentation and embedded systems, supporting speeds up to 80 GBytes/s. ODI is now positioned to address difficult challenges in 5G communications, mil/aero systems, and high-speed data acquisition.

Changes to core network

Core networks need to evolve. Because 5G is expected to reduce latency and increase reliability over LTE, core networks will evolve into software-defined networks (SDNs) that will treat data differently depending on use case. The radio-access networks (RANs) will be modified first to handle 5G NR, but the data packets will route to the 4G core network. Over time, a 5G network core will roll out.

Deploying 5G will require distinct indoor and outdoor strategies. 5G base stations will have to be spaced more closely, necessitating more of them, especially in densely populated areas compared to 3G or 4G. Dual-mode operation (4G/5G + WiFi)  is a blessing for operators evolving their networks to 5G. Indoor reception problems are guaranteed with 5G; higher-frequency millimeter wave signals in particular will not penetrate walls.

We will need both mmWave and lower frequencies to provide what was promised. The very high frequency mmWave is needed to get enough bandwidth to fast data rates. But the higher the frequency of a wireless signal, the less well it propagates and the less able it is to penetrate obstacles. Water vapor will cause signal loss at 24 GHz. Oxygen is an impediment at 60 GHz. Verizon and Samsung recently announced a successful data transmission using 800 MHz of bandwidth at 28 GHz, resulting in a maximum throughput of almost 4 Gb/s. A lot of traditional players now talk about how active antennas will become prevalent in mmWave.

There will be need for very many small 5G base stations. Maybe not in 2019, but some years later on urban networks. The strategy has been a combination of small cells with massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas to increase coverage. Wireless network operators have been considering small cells for more than 15 years, but if small cells were the best solution for anything we’d have them already. Maybe it is necessity for mmWave based 5G networks. Previous estimates have been that the average distance between 5G base stations might be 250m to 300m. But now most equipment designers are targeting 150 meters to 200 meters apart everywhere, simply to get adequate coverage.

Wireless operators are going to have to install more 5G base stations than they did to support 4G, they’re going to have to install more 5G base stations than they originally estimated. We need lots of new 5G base stations and innovation how to install them to our environment.There will be many different approaches. Manhole cover can server as antennas. 5G base stations will be integrated to street lights, bus stops and advertisement displays.

IoT and autonomous cars

The standards for 5G will be defined in large part by the direct integration of Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrial IoT (IIoT) devices into global networks and devices. There is not yet ready 5G standards for those applications. So for 2019 IoT and IIoT will need to be pretty much stick to 4G technologies like NB-IoT and LTE-M. For 5G to shape industrial computing application in larger scale than just some small tests we will have to wait till 2020. Researchers seeking to impact 5G technologies are focused on how to properly introduce this new species of computing into the mobile networking ecosystem.

Work for Release 16 will start with mobile V2x communications. IoT is another aspect of Release 16, which should make IoT communications more efficient, reliable and lower the latency.

It is believed that 5G’s “big data pipe” will make vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2X) technologies even more powerful than originally planned. Having a high-data-rate pipe is essential to allowing vehicles to exchange information with each other. Future safety technologies could get bigger with the advent of 5G cellular communications. 5G offers data rates measured in Gigabits per second, whereas the dedicated short-range communication system (DSRC) originally intended for V2X is measured in Megabits per second. More bandwidth could translate into more information and greater safety. There’s also a new evaluation methodology being defined for V2X use cases including vehicle platooning, advanced driving to enable semi-autonomous or fully-autonomous driving, and remote driving.

The 5G technology is first utilized in the industrial sector, where it has promised to have many applications. Addressing the issues behind Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) devices is important. Qualcomm, the largest supplier of modem chips used in smartphones, has introduced the X50 modem to give IIoT devices the ability to communicate over 5G networks.


Is 5G Technology a Blessing or a Curse for Security? The answer depends who you ask it. There are conflicting schools of thought about 5G security. Ericsson asserts that security has been built into 5G from the ground upInverse report warns that 5G’s inevitable internet of things (IoT) wave could create massive security headaches. I think the technology is new and it is inevitable that there will be many security issues until most of them get sorted out.

Trade war hits 5G

The USA vs China trade war will have some effect on the 5G development. USA has claimed that Chinese companies like Huawei and ZTE can use their telecom gear to spy on users. The Chinese telecommunications company Huawei is under scrutiny around the globe over concerns that its close ties with the Chinese government present national security threats to the U.S., Europe and allied countries.

Chinese Huawei has been subjected to a number of countries’ teeth when its network devices are not approved for 5G operators.

Countries like the United States, Australia and Japan have blocked Huawei from building their next-generation, super-fast 5G internet networks. Over the summer, Australia barred Huawei from providing 5G technology for wireless networks over espionage fears. In New Zeland GCSB bans Spark from using Huawei gear for its 5G mobile upgrade. In UK BT plans to remove the Chinese firm’s gear from the core of its networks. Germany’s IT watchdog has expressed scepticism about calls for a boycott of Chinese telecoms giant Huawei. German security authority BSI (Das Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik) had not found any evidence that Huawe’s equipment would in any way be less secure than its competitors.

The current situation has caused annoyance, even despair in Huawei’s leadership. Will there be any effect for 5G development of this? SoftBank Corp sees no tech impact from not using Huawei gear.


Due to the fast-growing 4K/8K ultra-HD video applications and the ever increasing use of AR and VR applications, 5G is needed to supplement the capacity of 4G networks.

Social Automation with 5G: About 20 percent of smart phone users believe that 5G will make it easier to connect to different IoT devices, such as home appliances and many home appliances. I think that those believes are not to be realized by 5G in 2019, because making connections to IoT devices easier is not about 5G, but IoT systems development in general. Adding 5G to the IoT communications jungle had potential to first make configuring the devices harder (more networking options means more complicated settings on device).

Operators have claimed many different applications that 5G would make it possible. In many cases those could be made without 5G and even might have already done before 5G networks become live. Here are some examples:

Remote surgery: Ahmedabad Doctor Claims World’s First Telerobotic Heart Surgery on Patient 32 KM Away article tells that Dr Tejas Patel, an internationally renowned cardiologist, claims to have performed the world’s first cardiovascular stent surgeryoperating from a remote area. I did not seem any mention of 5G used there. I expect that this was performed using fixed network connections that are available now and are more reliable than wireless systems like 5G.

Self driving cars: They are already being tested without 5G. 5G could help here. For Self driving cars have multitude of challenges to get them run properly, and 5G will help to solve only few of them. We will need to wait for Release 16 standard to be implemented to network to see the benefits to autonomous traffic.

Artificial intelligence: We are already doing that without 5G. The current trends seems to be that the AI is made both at the edge device and in the cloud. Using this architecture 5G does not seem to do very much at the moment to help AI solutions.

Industrial applications: The short delay is said to be important in many different industries. And the 5G will be important for industrial applications. I am still waiting for real applications to appear. One question for critical industrial applications will be how reliable the 5G network will be. In the beginning there will always be issues in keeping the network reliable in changing wireless conditions and when the brand new devices have software bug in them. For industrial applications we need to find niches where benefits out-weight the potential risks that network might not be very reliable.

Be warned of “fake 5G”

5G will arrive into this world as a marketing gimmick. We will see lots of “fake 5G” marketing in 2019.

I expect we will see many first commercial 5G network press releases. Many marketers will try to frame their 5G offering to form in which they can claim it to be he “the first commercial 5G”. I expect that many of those news releases will be publishes in magazines as news that claim that 5G just started for real now.Was this really the first commercial 5g networks? Hard to say for sure and depends on criteria what is considered to be be “commercial 5G network”.

This can also mean that something that is not really still only 4G is rebranded as being 5G solution. Verge reports that AT&T customers will start to see a 5G logo appear in the corner of their smartphone next year — not because they’re using a 5G phone connected to a 5G network, but because AT&T is going to start pretending its most advanced 4G LTE tech is 5G.

Another example Forum Virium 5G test project in Helsinki Finland will use 4G LTE based NB-IOT and LTE-M technologies for IoT communications because 5G IoT standards are not ready yet and claims that those 4G solutions are 5G compatible (whatever it means). I think those are confusing and borderline deceptive moves designed to win the coming advertising wars around 5G.

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  1. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Suomalaisten 5G-innostus lopahti – yhä harvempi ilmoittaa vaihtavansa liittymää heti

  2. Tomi Engdahl says:

    In the U.S., carriers are primarily focused on mmWave deployment for 5G since some of the sub-6 5G spectrum is in the exclusive domain of the DOD – specifically the 3 and 4 GHz bands. However, the rest of the world uses these 3 to 4 GHz band for commercial 5G and seems to have less interest in mmWave deployment.

    Current 5G deployment plans present a potentially serious risk for the DOD especially if China leads the world in rolling-out of 5G (sub-6 GHz) infrastructures and embedded device technologies, e.g., Huawei telecom equipment.

    Sharing a limited resource like the wireless spectrum is not a new idea. For example, in 2015, the FCC formally authorized the 3.5 GHz band for shared wireless access in an area that was previously utilized by the DOD. Since the DOD was the first to have access to this spectrum band, they had priority over its usage. Commercial users were allowed access when the spectrum was not occupied by the DOD. This may well be the approach for 5G in the global sub-6 GHz band.

    Source: https://www.designnews.com/governmentdefense/old-3g-battle-shifts-5g-struggle/99672807461950?ADTRK=InformaMarkets&elq_mid=11312&elq_cid=876648

  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    how global cloud platforms will offer the 1ms latency for 5G. AWS Wavelength promises to do it by extending your VPCs into Wavelength Zones, where you can run local EC2 instances and EBS volumes at the edge.

    Announcing AWS Wavelength for delivering ultra-low latency applications for 5G

    AWS Wavelength embeds AWS compute and storage services at the edge of telecommunications providers’ 5G networks, and provides seamless access to the breadth of AWS services in the region. AWS Wavelength enables you to build applications that serve mobile end-users and devices with single-digit millisecond latencies over 5G networks, like game and live video streaming, machine learning inference at the edge, and augmented and virtual reality.

    AWS Wavelength brings AWS services to the edge of the 5G network, minimizing the network hops and latency to connect to an application from a 5G device. Wavelength delivers a consistent developer experience across multiple 5G networks around the world

  4. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Cadence To Buy NI’s AWR Unit For $160M

    Cadence signed a deal to buy National Instruments’ AWR business unit for about $160 million in cash, a move that Cadence describes as a way to broaden its market into intelligent system design.

    AWR’s strength is high-frequency RF design automation tools, particularly in the millimeter wave and microwave spectrums, which are critical for radar and 5G. Both of those technologies are expected to be important in future generations of cars and robotics. AWR also has technology for III-V material design, which is critical for silicon photonics.

    Cadence, meanwhile, has been pushing into high-speed communications in packaging and between systems using optical technology. 5G mmWave is a piece of that high-speed communications picture, but the market for mmWave design and verification has been something of a moving target. In fact, NI only recently unveiled a way to do over-the-air validation testing of mmWave quickly enough to make it commercially viable. That has made design and verification of the chips themselves more important, and this is where AWR can help.

    Integrating AWR technology into Cadence’s design and analysis tools could help spur 5G mmWave technology. And that, in turn, would drive more business for NI’s 5G test technology. This helps explain why Cadence and NI are collaborating on a design-to-test flow that includes modeling, mixed-signal design and verification, pre-silicon chip validation, bring-up characterization and production test.

    “This strategic alliance brings together the Cadence and NI, which provide the leading pre-silicon design and verification platform and post-silicon validation platforms respectively for analog/mixed-signal and RF IC’s,”

  5. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Despite those limitations, 5G fills a void for high-speed communication. And as 5G mmWave begins rolling out, particularly in places such as China for autonomous vehicles and South Korea and Japan, as well as for smart infrastructure, systems will require the same tools capabilities that have been developed for chips developed at the most advanced nodes.

  6. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Digitaaliset kaksoset ja 5G vauhdittavat rakennusalan murrosta

    ”Rakennusalalla on iso murros käynnissä”, sanoo Rakennustiedon kehitysjohtaja Jukka Usmi. Hän uskoo, että digitalisaatio muuttaa kaikkia rakentamisen osa-alueita samanaikaisesti.

  7. Tomi Engdahl says:

    An overview of 5G rollout plans in the US, technical limitations of millimeter-wave, mid-band, and low-band 5G frequencies, the state of 5G hardware, and more

    5G on the horizon: Here’s what it is and what’s coming
    5G is many things—but the most interesting part is what it will eventually become.

  8. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Can someone explain how nationwide 5g is deployed already. Its my assumption 5g is only possible in short distances
    exerpt from the article makes no sense to me:

    “5G on 600 MHz spectrum goes far beyond the limitations of the carriers’ 5G. With clear 600 MHz spectrum reserved for 5G, T-Mobile is uniquely positioned to deliver 5G that covers more people in more places. Together with Sprint, the New T-Mobile has even bigger plans to supercharge 5G, with a broad and deep network for all Americans.”

  9. Tomi Engdahl says:

    exerpt from the article:

    “5G on 600 MHz spectrum goes far beyond the limitations of the carriers’ 5G. With clear 600 MHz spectrum reserved for 5G, T-Mobile is uniquely positioned to deliver 5G that covers more people in more places. Together with Sprint, the New T-Mobile has even bigger plans to supercharge 5G, with a broad and deep network for all Americans.”

  10. Tomi Engdahl says:

    TMO owns a chunk of 600MHz spectrum and plans on using part of that for 5G. The reality is that it’s not enough spectrum to do much so this is more of a marketing gimmick to say “we have 5G almost everywhere”.

    Carriers did the same with the 4G rollout.
    They rolled out sort of 3.5G and called it 4G. Now there doing the same with 5G, it’s more 4.5G than 5G

    T-Mobile’s 5G is really just LTE+. Supposedly only 20-ish% faster than LTE, nowhere near gigabit speeds of “proper” 5G

    5G millimeter wave (6-60 GHz) only goes short distances. 600 MHz and the 3.4- 3.7GHz have longer range.

    5G is more of a marketing term.

  11. Tomi Engdahl says:

    It is marketing, like lawyers and cops marketers can lie to you legally.

  12. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The Ultimate Generation

    One of 5G’s biggest selling points is faster data rates than any previous generation of wireless—by a lot. Millimeter waves are part of what’s making that possible. 5G’s use of millimeter waves, a higher-frequency band than 2G, 3G, or 4G ever used, has forced service providers like AT&T and T-Mobile to rethink how 5G networks should be deployed, with higher frequencies requiring small cell sites located more closely together.

    6G, while still just a hazy idea in the minds of wireless researchers, could very well follow in 5G’s footsteps by utilizing higher frequencies and pushing for faster data rates.

  13. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Operaattorien valmistautuminen kiihtyy – 5g tulee vauhdilla verkkoon ja kotiin

    Elisan toimitusjohtaja Veli-Matti Mattila sanoo, että hyppäys 3g:sta 4g:hen oli pienempi loikka kuin tuleva hyppäys uuteen 5g-teknologiaan.

    Suomen suurin operaattori Elisa on uuden 5g-verkon rakentamisessa puoli askelta muita edellä Suomessa ja osin myös Euroopan tasolla

    Elisan ohella Telia ja DNA saivat viime vuoden taajuushuutokaupassa itselleen sopivat palat 390 megahertsin levyisestä taajuuskaistasta 3,5 gigahertsin taajuusalueella.

    Elisa avasi Helsinkiin kaupallisen 5g-verkon vuoden alusta ja on kasvattanut verkkoa pistemäisesti jo 12 kaupunkiin.

    Investointitahti Elisalla on ollut yli 200 miljoonaa euroa vuodessa, josta suuri osa menee verkkoihin.

    ”Arvioni on, että vuonna 2021 5g-peittomme olisi jo 50 prosenttia, ja todennäköisesti kolmen vuoden kuluttua puolet mobiililiikenteessä on 5g:ssä”, hän sanoo.

    Myös Telia on tarttunut haasteeseen

    vuoden loppuun mennessä sen 5g-verkko on laajentunut seitsemään Suomen suurimpaan kaupunkiin.

    DNA hakee vauhtia 5g-aikaan norjalaisen emonsa eli Telenorin kanssa. Yhtiö on kokeillut useita verkkoja Suomessa ja Norjassa.

    DNA:n toimitusjohtaja Jukka Leinonen sanoo, että Suomessa 5g-verkon rakentaminen on käynnissä ja kaupallinen toiminta alkaa vielä ennen vuodenvaihdetta.

    Hän muistelee, että 4g-aika alkoi vuonna 2012, mutta viiden vuoden kuluttua vasta puolet käyttäjistä oli teknologian äärellä.

    ”Ehkä puhutaan vuosista 2024–2025, että päästään samaan.”

  14. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Samsung on selvä ykkönen 5G-puhelimissa

    Ensimmäiset 5G-puhelimet tulivat markkinoille tänä vuonna. Myyntimäärät eivät vielä ole nousseet kovin suuriksi, mutta Samsung on vallannut leijonanosan tämän hetken markkinoista. 74 prosenttia eli kolme neljästä myydystä 5G-puhelimesta tulee Samsungin tehtaista, kertoo IHS.

    IHS:n mukaan Samsung onnistui myymään 3,2 miljoonaa 5G-älypuhelinta vuoden kolmannella neljänneksellä. Kaikkiaan 5G-kännyköitä myytiin heinä-syyskuussa 4,3 miljoonaa 5G-puhelinta.

  15. Tomi Engdahl says:

    5G networks deliver faster and more reliable communications. They open doors to exciting new connections to IoT networks, autonomous driving, broadband fixed wireless, and faster video viewing. Delivering 5G takes end-to-end Layer 1–7 test, precision measurement, and deep network visibility solutions to de-risk 5G development and operation across the ecosystem.

    5G New Radio (NR) release 15, introduced in December 2017, lays the foundation for ultra-fast download speeds, reliable low latency connections, and connectivity to billions of new IoT devices coming online in the next few years.

    Microwave cavity filters get rid of unwanted frequency components for telecommunication infrastructures.

  16. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Ericsson ja Mediatek soittivat oikean 5G-puhelun

    Ericssonin Kistan laboratoriossa soitettiin joulukuun alussa ensimmäinen VoNR-puhelu (Voice-over-NR), joka siirtyi täysin 5G-verkon yli. Puhelussa käytettiin Mediatekin uutta Dimension 1000 -piirisarjaa ja siirtotienä oli 3,5 gigahertsin TDD-kaista.

    Tällä hetkellä markkinoilla olevat 5G-puhelimet ovat ns- dual-mode-tyyppisiä. Ne pystyvät muodostamaan datalinkin 5G-verkossa, mutta puhelut siirtyvät aina 4G-verkon yli. Ja siellä, missä 4G-verkkoakaan ei ole saatavilla, puhelimet putoavat 3G- tai jopa GSM-verkkoon.

    Tästä on tietysti ollut hyötyä, koska markkinoille on saatu nopeammin myytäviä laitteita. Huono puoli on se, että puhelimet ovat monimutkaisempia suunnitella ja siksi kalliita

    Kun puhelin putoaa (fallback) 4G-verkkoon puhelua varten, myös 5G-datayhteys katkeaa näissä ensimmäisen polven 5G-puhelimissa.

    Huawei muuten raportoi jo toukokuussa soittaneensa VoNR-videopuhelun toisen polven 5G-verkossa Mate 20X 5G -puhelimien välillä.

  17. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Where the 5G Data Storm Will Hit First
    While we’re all waiting for our phones to see speeds of 10 gigs per
    second, next-gen wireless tech will transform transportation,
    medicine, manufacturing, and VR. Blazing-fast speeds! Zero latency!
    Moar data to moar devices! Unless you’ve been trapped in a tech-news
    dead zone, you’ve heard that the rollout of the next generation of
    wireless broadband has begun. Still, smartphone data addicts shouldn’t
    hold their breath for speeds of 10 gigabits per second. To provide the
    kind of 5G coverage consumers will expect, carriers will need to
    install as many as 20 access points per square kilometer, an expensive
    endeavor that will take years. Until then, we’ll have to accept that
    5G is here, but it’s unevenly distributed. Here are some places to
    watch for it in the (nearish) future. The folks who are gunning to
    make cars drive themselves are itching for 5G connectivity. Why? The
    faster you can get data into and out of a rolling robot, the better
    the experience. Constantly updated, ultrahigh-res maps of their
    environment make the ride safer and smoother. Developers in remote
    operation centers will also be monitoring lidar and camera feeds to
    keep an eye on their creations. And, of course, while they roll, their
    liberated occupants will demand streaming entertainment (and
    advertisers will demand to pummel them with targeted ads). But that’s
    all for the current kind of self-driving car, the one that watches but
    doesn’t talk to its surroundings. Way more exciting, if we’re talking
    real 5G, is not replacing human drivers but completely rethinking the
    way cars drive. Link vehicles together and we’ll solidly surpass human
    limitations. Cars could move like schools of fish, in unison, smoothly
    and tightly, without colliding. Engineers have longed to let cars swap
    data on location, speed, and heading for decades, and since the ’90s
    many have pinned their hopes on short-range radio transmitters. In
    2017, UC Berkeley researchers sent a trio of connected semi-trucks
    down a highway with just 60 to 140 feet between them. Such convoys
    could improve fuel efficiency by letting vehicles draft each other and
    might even allow for going human-free in all but the lead truck. But
    the tech’s max range is only about 3, 000 feet, it can’t handle many
    vehicles at once, and it requires special hardware in each car. Which
    helps explain why such luxuries are available only in a top-line
    Cadillacleaving precious few chances for meaningful carversation.

  18. Tomi Engdahl says:

    COP 25 Chile: The role of 5G in smarter society

    The COP 25 UN Climate Change Conference takes place in Madrid this week under the incoming Presidency of the Government of Chile. In this post, Roberto Cabanillas Acerbi shares three ways 5G is being applied to create smarter society in Chile.

  19. Tomi Engdahl says:

    IOT and 5G applications typically use sensors that transmit wireless data to anedge or cloud network. This requires a combination of RF capabilities with a small form factor and low operating power. A promising approach to achieve this combination is to create single chips that combine the capabilities of silicon CMOS with those of III-V devices, such as gallium nitride (GaN) and indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs). The unique properties of III-V compounds make then well suited for optoelectronics (LEDs) and communications (5G).


  20. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Samsungin osuus 5g-puhelinmarkkinoista on täysin ylivoimainen

    IHS Markitin tutkimuksen mukaan Samsung dominoi 5g-puhelinten markkinoita. Eteläkorealainen elektroniikkajätti myi 3,2 miljoonaa 5g-kännykkää

  21. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Despite its potential, here’s why you might want to wait before rushing to purchase a 5G-compatible device this holiday season. via Quartz

    It’s not worth buying a 5G smartphone yet

    AT&T launched its consumer 5G network on Friday (Dec. 13) in 10 US cities. But savvy shoppers shouldn’t rush to buy its accompanying device, the Samsung Galaxy Note 10 Plus 5G, which retails for $1,300. That’s because AT&T’s consumer 5G network offers only a minor improvement in speed over its existing 4G LTE network.

    The company’s quicker 5G+ network, which uses high-band millimeter waves, launched for business clients and developers last December—but for the moment, AT&T’s zippiest system is out of reach for the general public. Per CNBC, AT&T’s latest device won’t support its 5G+ network, and while it’s regarded as an excellent phone, 5G isn’t enough to make the Galaxy a worthy purchase.

    5G adoption will probably take years. Akyuz foresees immersive AR and VR experiences, supported by 5G networks, but he admits, it’s hard to say exactly what the new networks will bring. “It’s going to be a while before consumers look at the 5G options out there and say, ‘Hey, I really need this. I’ll pay extra.’”

    Generally, customers are holding onto their phones for longer and longer, but people who have already decided to bite the 5G bullet have a few other options. OnePlus, a Chinese smartphone maker, has launched the OnePlus 7T Pro 5G McLaren. The device retails for $900 and PC Mag says it “will be a phone to buy if T-Mobile merges with Sprint.”

    Another option is the LG V50 ThinQ 5G, available through Verizon for a cool $1,000.

    This is all to say, if your phone works well enough, you can comfortably hold off on upgrading. “

  22. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Drone välitti 5G-kuvaa televisioon

    Turun joulurauhan julistus kuvattiin tänä vuonna kamerakopterilla, josta videokuva välitettiin Elisan 5G-verkon kautta Yleisradion tuotantoalustoille.

    Kokeilu oli ensimmäinen Suomessa , jossa 5G-teknologiaa hyödynnetään videon lähettämisessä droonista suoratoistopalveluun. Yle toteutti 5G-kokeilun yhdessä Elisan ja Turun kaupungin kanssa.

  23. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Uusi OnePlus-älypuhelin 5G-verkkotuella paljastui hyväksyntätietokannasta – kyse todennäköisimmin pian julkistettavasta Concept One -konseptipuhelimesta

    Uusi OnePlus-laite mallikoodiltaan IN2010 on ilmestynyt hyväksyntätietokantaan, kertoo muun muassa GizChina-sivusto.

    Tietokannan mukaan laite tukee 5G-verkkoja sekä 4G-verkkoon ohjauksessa tukeutuvana versiona (Non-Standalone, NSA) kuin myös itsenäisenä (Standalone, SA).


    On December 25, the new OnePlus smartphone model IN2010 received radio transmission approval. From the certification document, we can see it supports SA and NSA dual-mode 5G. OnePlus will launch the OnePlus 8 series and the first OnePlus concept phone next year. So there is every reason to think we are dealing with the concept phone. By the way, both models will be uncovered at CES2020.

  24. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Antenna efficiency plays a critical role in overall smartphone RF performance. Current smartphone trends — especially with the upcoming transition to 5G — mean that smartphones must fit more antennas into less space. Antenna tuning systems, like impedance tuners and aperture tuners, allow antennas to be efficient across the entire LTE and 5G bands from 600 MHz to 5 GHz

  25. Tomi Engdahl says:

    StarHub, U Mobile to run 5G roaming tests

    The trials will run entirely on 5G, and independent of 4G infrastructure, which the Singapore and
    Malaysia telcos say make these different from other roaming trials that still tap 5G non-standalone technology.

  26. Tomi Engdahl says:

    “I’m Not Recommending Anyone Use It”: First 5G Rollout Fails To Live Up To The Hype

    when 5G services were launched there in April, Jang Dong-gil was among the first wave of South Koreans to sign up. Now eight months in, Jang, a 30-year-old tech company worker, has a chilling review for the next-generation technology: 5G hasn’t lived up to the hype.

    “I don’t feel the difference,” Jang, who has been using a 5G-enabled Samsung handset, told the WSJ. In fact, on many days he switches off his 5G service altogether because his connection often drops as his phone pingpongs between 5G and the existing 4G LTE network.

    Well, for those who bet the farm on the latter, there may be a slight problem, because while 5G has yet to be made available in most countries, one nation has already had a 5G offering for 8 months: South Korea, and early adopters here have been anything but excited about the “5G revolution.”

  27. Tomi Engdahl says:

    5G services market in North America forecast to 2025

    ResearchAndMarkets.com observes that 5G technology will primarily impact technology areas such as remote workers, smart cities, IoT devices, and digital transformation initiatives.

  28. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Telecoms, Wireless & Adjacent Technologies in 2030

    Details, details: Much of the 2020s will have been spent dealing with numerous back-office problems that have stopped many early 5G visions becoming real. Network-slicing will have thrown up huge operationalisation and security issues. Dealing with QoS/slice roaming or handoff, at borders between networks (outdoor / indoor / private / neutral / international) will be hugely complex. Edge computing scenarios will turn out to need local peering or interconnection points. All of these will have huge extra complexities with billing, pricing and monitoring. mmWave planning and design tools will need to have matured, as well as the processes for installation and operation.

  29. Tomi Engdahl says:

    5G will catalyse the transformation of the telecom industry itself

    But what people in the telecoms sector don’t yet seem to realise is that the very first industry that will be transformed by 5G is…. telecoms itself.

    5G is bringing a new set of challenges and complexities – new spectrum, more need for coverage indoors & in remote areas, and new use-cases and stakeholders.

    If 5G is anywhere near as important as it’s claimed, then many businesses and governments will want to own it, customise it and control it directly, not through an MNO.

    Meanwhile, localised and shared spectrum, arriving at the same time as 5G (but also usable for 4G) is creating a new landscape of wholesale/neutral host players, private and community operators, cloud/Internet players with mobile assets, industrial/vertical MNOs and hybrid MNO/MVNO providers.

    The old world of mobile involved 3 or 4 national MNOs, plus some TowerCos and a few consumer MVNOs.

    The new, 5G world is much more fragmented and heterogeneous.

  30. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Predictions for the next decade: looking out to 2030 for telecoms, wireless & adjacent technologies

    Private/neutral cellular: Today, there’s around 1000 MNOs globally (public and private). By 2030, I’d expect there to be between 100,000 and a million networks, probably with various new types of service provider, aggregation hubs and consortia.

    Multi-network: We should expect all connectivity to be “software-defined” and “multi-network”. Devices will have lots of radios, connecting simultaneously, with different paths and providers (and multiple eSIM / other identities). Buildings will have mutliple fibres, wireless connections and management tools. Device-to-device connections and relaying will be prevalent. IoT will use a selection of LPWAN technologies as well as Wi-Fi, cellular and short-range connections. Satellite and maybe LiFi (light-based) connections will play new roles. Arbitrage, bonding, load-balancing will occur at multiple levels from silicon to OS to gateway to mid-network. Very few things will be locked to a single network or provider – unless it has unique value such as managed security or power consumption.

    Network ownership models: Some networks of today will still look mostly like “telcos” in 2030, but as I wrote in this post the first industry to be transformed by 5G will be the telecom industry itself. We’ll see many new stakeholders, some of which look like SPs, some which are private network operators, and many new forms of aggregator, virtual operator, wholesale or neutral mobile/fibre provider. I’m not expecting a major shift back to nationalised or government-run networks

  31. Tomi Engdahl says:

    5G: How Much is Real vs. Marketing?
    Is 5G ready for prime time? Breaking down the marketing hype versus what’s really going on in the industry.

    The new 5G protocol is in the news virtually every day, with proclamations that encompass everything from cellphones to autonomous vehicles to thermostats. One might already believe that if you don’t own a 5G device, you clearly aren’t “In Style.”

    Soooo, marketing claims 5G is pervasive. The question is when: 2020 or is it 2025?

    First, let’s define 5G also known as 5G New Radio, or 5G NR.

    There is sub-6-GHz 5G for the cellphone protocol that requires LTE: 5G NSA.
    There is sub-6-GHz standalone 5G: 5G SA.
    There is 20- to 60-GHz 5G: 5G mmWave.
    One June 2019 forecast made by Canalys has global 5G smartphone shipments crossing 4G smartphone shipments in 2023

    A significant enhancement in 5G over the previous protocols (4G, 3G, WCDMA, CDMA, and GSM) is its increased data rates, which allow it to connect a variety of devices above and beyond traditional smartphone functions. Devices for industrial IoT, autonomous vehicles, and industrial connectivity are thought to depend on the increased data rates supplied by 5G sub-6-GHz and the millimeter-wave (mmWave) portion of the 5G protocol; that is, frequencies in the 20- to 60-GHz range.

    However, technical issues must be considered in the utilization of mmWave. For example, mmWave frequencies travel relatively small distances and don’t easily penetrate obstacles such as walls. Plus, they consume a considerable amount of transmit power, providing additional challenges for battery-operated devices. Even the sub-6-GHz versions have technical issues in that the 5G target “air time” latency is 1 to 4 ms.

    Unfortunately, the equipment currently shipping (2019) is testing at 8- to 12-ms latency. Some providers report that the latency is really around 30 ms when the server latency is added to the “air time” latency, leaving mmWave-compatible products to still be developed.

    the typical RF component suppliers are all providing 5G solutions: Avago/Broadcom, Huawei, MediaTek, Murata/pSemi (previously known as Peregrine), Qualcomm, Qorvo, Samsung, and Skyworks. However, as of this writing, they all appear to be providing components that focus only(?) on the sub-6-GHz frequency bands.

  32. Tomi Engdahl says:

    5G is gearing up to change every industry. But how?

    The next wave of 5G expansion will allow businesses of all types to reap the benefits of enhanced mobility, flexibility, reliability and security, and provide an entirely new range of possibilities for service providers.

  33. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Surveying the Status of 5G Technology
    Wireless carriers around the world are accelerating the buildup of 5G network infrastructure with major investments in spectrum, base stations, microcells, and hotspots.

    The Existential Threat to Wireless
    As we plunge forward into the next generations of wireless—namely 5G and down the road, 6G—one hurdle stands in the way of progress: the very finite amount of spectrum.

  34. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Whether you want to hear/read BS talk on 5G, AI or IoT (or any other acronym!) turn to mass media and management conferences.

  35. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Evolving 5G Landscape Creates New RF Challenges

    An escalation in bandwidth, implementation of massive MIMO and beamsteering, and the need for high linearity are some of major considerations designers must weigh.


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