Web development trends 2020

Here are some web trends for 2020:

Responsive web design in 2020 should be a given because every serious project that you create should look good and be completely usable on all devices. But there’s no need to over-complicate things.

Web Development in 2020: What Coding Tools You Should Learn article gives an overview of recommendations what you learn to become a web developer in 2020.

You might have seen Web 3.0 on some slides. What is the definition of web 3 we are talking about here?
There seems to be many different to choose from… Some claim that you need to blockchain the cloud IOT otherwise you’ll just get a stack overflow in the mainframe but I don’t agree on that.

Information on the web address bar will be reduced on some web browsers. With the release of Chrome 79, Google completes its goal of erasing www from the browser by no longer allowing Chrome users to automatically show the www trivial subdomain in the address bar.

You still should target to build quality web site and avoid the signs of a low-quality web site. Get good inspiration for your web site design.

Still a clear and logical structure is the first thing that needs to be turned over in mind before the work on the website gears up. The website structure for search robots is its internal links. The more links go to a page, the higher its priority within the website, and the more times the search engine crawls it.

You should upgrade your web site, but you need to do it sensibly and well. Remember that a site upgrade can ruin your search engine visibility if you do it badly. The biggest risk to your site getting free search engine visibility is site redesign. Bad technology selection can ruin the visibility of a new site months before launch. Many new sites built on JavaScript application frameworks do not benefit in any way from the new technologies. Before you go into this bandwagon, you should think critically about whether your site will benefit from the dynamic capabilities of these technologies more than they can damage your search engine visibility. Well built redirects can help you keep the most outbound links after site changes.

If you go to the JavaScript framework route on your web site, keep in mind that there are many to choose, and you need to choose carefully to find one that fits for your needs and is actively developed also in the future.
JavaScript survey: Devs love a bit of React, but Angular and Cordova declining. And you’re not alone… a chunk of pros also feel JS is ‘overly complex’

Keep in mind the recent changes on the video players and Google analytics. And for animated content keep in mind that GIF animations exists still as a potential tool to use.

Keep in mind the the security. There is a skill gap in security for many. I’m not going to say anything that anyone who runs a public-facing web server doesn’t already know: the majority of these automated blind requests are for WordPress directories and files. PHP exploits are a distant second. And there are many other things that are automatically attacked. Test your site with security scanners.
APIs now account for 40% of the attack surface for all web-enabled apps. OWASP has identified 10 areas where enterprises can lower that risk. There are many vulnerability scanning tools available. Check also How to prepare and use Docker for web pentest . Mozilla has a nice on-line tool for web site security scanning.

The slow death of Flash continues. If you still use Flash, say goodbye to it. Google says goodbye to Flash, will stop indexing Flash content in search.

Use HTTPS on your site because without it your site rating will drop on search engines visibility. It is nowadays easy to get HTTPS certificates.

Write good content and avoid publishing fake news on your site. Finland is winning the war on fake news. What it’s learned may be crucial to Western democracy,

Think to who you are aiming to your business web site to. Analyze who is your “true visitor” or “power user”. A true visitor is a visitor to a website who shows a genuine interest in the content of the site. True visitors are the people who should get more of your site and have the potential to increase the sales and impact of your business. The content that your business offers is intended to attract visitors who are interested in it. When they show their interest, they are also very likely to be the target group of the company.

Should you think of your content management system (CMS) choice? Flexibility, efficiency, better content creation: these are just some of the promised benefits of a new CMS. Here is How to convince your developers to change CMS.

html5-display

Here are some fun for the end:

Did you know that if a spider creates a web at a place?
The place is called a website

Confession: How JavaScript was made.

Should We Rebrand JavaScript?

37 Comments

  1. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Web server testing tools ideas from discussion at
    https://www.facebook.com/groups/majordomo/permalink/10158351793754522/

    Open source : Jmeter
    http://jmeter.apache.org/

    commercial lots of solutions : Neoload, Loadrunner to name a few, they are pretty expensive though.

    Ideas:

    Pingdom Website Speed Test
    Enter a URL to test the page load time, analyze it, and find bottlenecks.
    https://tools.pingdom.com/

    Jmeter or siege

    Boot VMs somewhere and use SSH to trigger a JMeter job on each of them simultaneously.
    JMeter even has a tool to merge the test results of parallel runs together so you can analyze the results.
    http://jmeter.apache.org/

    ab – Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool
    https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/programs/ab.html

    An open source load testing tool.
    Define user behaviour with Python code, and swarm your system with millions of simultaneous users.
    https://locust.io/

    https://selenium.dev/
    Primarily it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that.
    Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should) also be automated as well.

    Bees with Machine Guns!
    https://github.com/newsapps/beeswithmachineguns
    A utility for arming (creating) many bees (micro EC2 instances) to attack (load test) targets (web applications)

    https://github.com/epsylon/ufonet
    UFONet – Denial of Service Toolkit – https://ufonet.03c8.net

    Reply
  2. Tomi Engdahl says:

    ES2020 Features in simple examples
    http://www.carloscaballero.io/es2020-features-in-simple-examples/

    In this series, we are going to show the EcmaScript features from 2015 to today.

    Reply
  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Open Source 3D Mapping
    https://cesium.com/cesiumjs/

    CesiumJS is an open source JavaScript library for creating world-class 3D globes and maps with the best possible performance, precision, visual quality, and ease of use. Developers across industries, from aerospace to smart cities to drones, use CesiumJS to create interactive web apps for sharing dynamic geospatial data.

    Reply
  4. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Web traffic increases in 2019 were driven by mobile; top 100 sites saw average of 223B monthly visits
    https://tcrn.ch/38baaWq

    Reply
  5. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Why Web Browsers Are FREE
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iv-i0qBhETM

    How do web browsers make money if they’re free to use?

    “If something is free, you are the product.”

    Reply
  6. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Don’t touch my clipboard
    You can (but shouldn’t) change how people copy text from your website.
    https://alexanderell.is/posts/taking-over-my-clipboard/

    Reply
  7. Tomi Engdahl says:

    JAMstack on uusin web-villitys eli rendataan sivut valmiiksi palvelimella ja palvelin tarjoaa staattisia sivua ( = nopeaa ja yksinkertaista). Sivujen dynaamiset osat on tehty kokonaan JavaScriptilla ja kutsuvat palvelinta API:n yli.

    What is the JAMstack and how do I get started?
    https://www.freecodecamp.org/news/what-is-the-jamstack-and-how-do-i-host-my-website-on-it/

    JAMstack sites are all the rage right now in the web dev world. And rightfully so! But what exactly is it and how can we all take advantage of its benefits?

    What is this JAMstack?
    To start, JAMstack is a software architecture and philosophy that adheres to the following components: Javascript, APIs, and Markup.

    If this sounds familiar, it’s because it is! That React app that you compile down with Webpack and ultimately serve from S3? Yup, that’s a JAMstack app. That simple HTML file that has no JavaScript and literally doesn’t do anything dynamic? Yup, that’s also a JAMstack app.

    That’s not to be confused with serverless
    If you’re coming more from the cloud side of things (think AWS, GCP, Azure), you might be inclined to think of serverless and JAMstack as the name thing. Granted they have similarities in the philosophy of how resources are managed, such as hosting a site on S3. But a JAMstack app is not always going to be a serverless app.

    Consider an app hosted in static storage on the cloud provider of your choice. Yes, you might be serving the app in a serverless way, but you might be dealing with an API that utilizes WordPress or Rails, both of which are certainly not serverless.

    What makes up the JAMstack?
    Back to the JAMstack: it’s typically comprised of 3 components: Javascript, APIs, and Markup. Its history stems from growing the term “static site” into something more meaningful (and marketable). So while ultimately a static site is the end result, it’s blown up to include first class tooling for every step of the way.

    The fact that you’re serving JAMstack apps as static files directly from a CDN (usually) makes it likely your app is going to load super fast.

    More often than not, JAMstack sites are going to run cheaper than their server side counterparts. Hosting static assets is cheap

    Since you’re serving your files off of static hosting, likely a CDN, that pretty much automatically gives you infinite scalability. Most providers will make this claim

    The foundation of your static site isn’t a server, meaning you don’t need to maintain it. Whether it’s Netlify, S3, or any other provider, your static HTML, CSS, and JS are maintained for you headache-free.

    Security
    Doubling down on the lack of server that you have to personally maintain, you don’t really need to worry as much about locking down ways for people to intrude.

    Instead, you’ll need to focus mostly on permissions to lock down private content and assure your users that their personal information isn’t publicly available.

    Reply
  8. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Privacy Concerns Raised Over New Google Chrome Feature
    https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/privacy-concerns-raised-over-new-google-chrome-feature/

    With the release of Google Chrome 80, Google quietly slipped in a new feature that allows users to create a link directly to a specific word or phrase on a page. A Brave Browser researcher, though, sees this as a potential privacy risk and is concerned Google added it too quickly.

    Reply
  9. Tomi Engdahl says:

    How to build a business case for your new website project
    https://enonic.com/blog/build-business-case-website-project

    Reply
  10. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Älä kysy lupaa evästeisiin – kysy lupa mainosverkostojen trackkereihin
    https://vierityspalkki.fi/2020/03/16/ala-kysy-lupaa-evasteisiin-kysy-lupa-mainosverkostojen-trackkereihin/

    Suomessa tilanne eväste-pop-uppien suhteen ei ole viime aikoina olennaisesti muuttunut, vaikka Traficom tarkensikin suositustaan marraskuussa. Suomessa ei lupaa “tavallisiin” evästeisiin edelleenkään tarvitse pyytää, mutta evästeistä ja niiden tehtävistä on kerrottava selkeästi käyttäjille. Tämän varsin selkeän säännön toteutumisessa on kuitenkin

    Konkreettisia muutoksia ei ole vielä kovin paljon näkynyt, vaikka viime marraskuussa EU:n tuomioistuin ohjeisti asiasta tarkemmin, painottaen että sivuston kannalta ei-olennaisia seurantatrackkereita ei saa aktivoida ilman selkeätä käyttäjän hyväksyntää.

    Käytännössä keskustelussa on kysymys erilaisten mainosverkostojen trackkereista, kuten Googlen ja Facebookin ja muiden mainosverkostotoimijoiden trackkereista, joiden avulla käyttäjien toimintaa voidaan seurata sivustojen yli

    Reply
  11. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Activists created a 12.5 million block digital library in ‘Minecraft’ to bypass censorship laws (MSFT)
    https://www.businessinsider.com/minecraft-library-censored-newspaper-articles-online-books-rsf-reporters-borders-2020-3

    Reply
  12. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Firefox Password Manager To Be Secured With Windows 10 Credentials
    https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/software/firefox-password-manager-to-be-secured-with-windows-10-credentials/

    Mozilla is making changes to the Firefox Lockwise password manager so that users will need to enter their Windows 10 credentials before being allowed to edit or view saved logins.

    Reply
  13. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Craig Silverman / BuzzFeed News:
    The coronavirus pandemic is shaping to be much worse for news media than the 2008 financial crisis, which saw a 19% decline in newspaper revenue in the US —

    The Coronavirus Is A Media Extinction Event
    https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/craigsilverman/coronavirus-news-industry-layoffs

    “I think there we will unfortunately see more closures of newspapers, more news deserts as a result of this,” said one publisher.

    Reply
  14. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Poynter:
    During the pandemic, newsrooms should remove paywalls so as not to miss the short window of opportunity to build trust and show the significance of their work — For two years now many news sites have turned to digital subscriptions as a financial lifeline.

    Do news sites have an ethical duty to remove paywalls on coronavirus coverage?
    How do public service journalism and harsh fiscal realities coexist in a crisis?
    https://www.poynter.org/ethics-trust/2020/do-news-sites-have-an-ethical-duty-to-remove-paywalls-on-coronavirus-coverage/

    Reply
  15. Tomi Engdahl says:

    ‘We were on borrowed time’: coronavirus could strike final blow to local newspapers
    https://www.theguardian.com/media/2020/mar/20/local-newspapers-coronavirus-economic-impact

    A number of west coast papers have suspended publication as ad revenue from local events and businesses plummets

    Reply
  16. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Casey Newton: “Increasingly, journalists are asking whether the backlash against technology companies that has defined coverage of them for the past three and a half years might have come to an end.” [https://www.getrevue.co/profile/caseynewton/issues/will-covid-19-end-the-big-tech-backlash-235710?](https://www.getrevue.co/profile/caseynewton/issues/will-covid-19-end-the-big-tech-backlash-235710)

    Reply
  17. Tomi Engdahl says:

    NBC News:
    Tech platforms, which had mostly resisted calls for strict moderation, are now taking a “harder line” when it comes to moderating content related to COVID-19 — Facing the prospect that hoaxes or misinformation could worsen a global pandemic, tech platforms are taking control of the information ecosystem like never before.

    Coronavirus misinformation makes neutrality a distant memory for tech companies
    Facing the prospect that hoaxes or misinformation could worsen a global pandemic, tech platforms are taking control of the information ecosystem like never before.
    https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/coronavirus-misinformation-makes-neutrality-distant-memory-tech-companies-n1168001

    Reply
  18. Tomi Engdahl says:

    A Backdoor Is a Backdoor Is a Backdoor
    https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2020/03/a-backdoor-is-a-backdoor-is-a-backdoor/

    Beware of false promises and threats to encryption security online.

    It’s easy to understand why United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Director Christopher Wray would ask companies to provide a means for law enforcement to access private data and communications.

    “We’re all for strong encryption and… we are not advocating for ‘backdoors,’” he said at recent cyber security conference. “We’ve been asking for providers to make sure that they, themselves, maintain some kind of access to the encrypted data we need, so that they can still provide it in response to a court order.”

    We all want to thwart criminals from using the Internet for harm. But here’s the catch: despite Wray’s claims, there is no way to comply with his request without breaking the security we all rely on to keep people, communications, and data safe online.

    Reply
  19. Tomi Engdahl says:

    No matter what you call it, a backdoor is a backdoor. Any method that gives a third-party access to encrypted data creates a major vulnerability that weakens the security of law-abiding citizens and the Internet at large.

    Encryption is essential to security online.
    https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2020/03/a-backdoor-is-a-backdoor-is-a-backdoor/

    Reply
  20. Tomi Engdahl says:

    What You Should Know About Online Tools During the COVID-19 Crisis
    https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/03/what-you-should-know-about-online-tools-during-covid-19-crisis

    A greater portion of the world’s work, organizing, and care-giving is moving onto digital platforms and tools that facilitate connection and productivity: video conferencing, messaging apps, healthcare and educational platforms, and more. It’s important to be aware of the ways these tools may impact your digital privacy and security during the COVID-19 crisis.

    Reply
  21. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Court: Violating a site’s terms of service isn’t criminal hacking. Courts have struggled to interpret the vague Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.

    A federal court in Washington, DC, has ruled that violating a website’s terms of service isn’t a crime under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, America’s primary anti-hacking law. The lawsuit was initiated by a group of academics and journalists with the support of the American Civil Liberties Union.

    Court: Violating a site’s terms of service isn’t criminal hacking
    Courts have struggled to interpret the vague Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
    https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/03/court-violating-a-sites-terms-of-service-isnt-criminal-hacking/

    Reply
  22. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Emergency Website Kit
    https://mxb.dev/blog/emergency-website-kit/

    In cases of emergency, many organizations need a quick way to publish critical information. But existing (CMS) websites are often unable to handle sudden spikes in traffic.

    Here’s the main idea:

    generate a static site with Eleventy
    minimal markup, inlined CSS
    aim to transmit everything in the first connection roundtrip (~14KB)
    progressively enable offline-support w/ Service Worker
    set up Netlify CMS for easy content editing
    one-click deployment via Netlify

    Reply
  23. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Internet Archive offers 1.4 million copyrighted books for free online
    Massive online library project is venturing into uncharted legal waters.
    https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/03/internet-archive-offers-thousands-of-copyrighted-books-for-free-online/

    Reply
  24. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Journalism innovation in the 2020s
    https://bbcnewslabs.co.uk/news/2020/journalism-innovation-2020s/

    What kind of innovation will the news industry need in the coming decade? David Caswell, executive product manager at BBC News Labs, offers some personal thoughts.

    Innovation in news is at the heart of what News Labs does. But what does that actually mean?

    Reply

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