Microphone videos

Here is a collection of interesting videos on microphones and microphone technologies:

Audio 101: Microphones

Dynamic vs Condenser Microphones, What’s the Difference?

Audio recording tutorial: The different microphone types | lynda.com

XLR vs USB Microphones, Which Should You Buy?

$22 MICROPHONE VS $3600 MICROPHONE | Andrew Huang

Voice-over Microphone || DIY or Buy

How a Neumann U87 microphone is manufactured

How to Make Your Own DIY U87 Vintage Condenser Mic

Soyuz Video #3 Capsules

The Soyuz SU-019 FET Microphone

MKH-416 counterfeit mic teardown

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vdoeh7y0yeE

Disassembly – Taking apart the BM-100FX Microphone.

BEST Budget USB Microphone!? | FIFINE Honest Review

Why the Blue Yeti Sucks

Why the Blue Yeti Su cks | Pro Audio Engineer Responds

Do XLR to USB Cables Work?

Samson USB GO Mic Teardown

BM-800 Microphone Review / Teardown

Teardown of the Blue Yeti Microphone

Samson c01u usb microphone test + look inside

A quick teardown on the Samson Go Mic USB studio microphone for laptops and tablets

Samson C01U USB Mic Teardown (part of the article)

Random Teardown #001: Blue Snowball Ice Microphone

390 Comments

  1. Tomi Engdahl says:

    New VS Old Sennheiser MD421 Teardown – Big Differences! (Public)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHPQXqQ_2gE

    Lets take a look at the differences between the MD421 vs MD421 II. There are vast differences and in many ways, not the same mic. Different capsule, different housing, different tuning methods, different everything except the look.

    00:00 Intro
    00:05 2 main versions
    00:29 Fixing mics to pay the bills
    02:00 Broken MD421′s
    02:50 Compare the external differences
    04:38 Ports vs no ports
    04:52 How to open the mics
    07:28 Removing the capsule
    08:58 Comparing the housings
    09:31 Internal ports and tuning
    10:04 Removing the grills
    13:08 Humbucking coils
    14:31 Rear capsule vents
    15:33 The mystery gear
    16:05 Diaphragm and phase cover
    18:12 Wiring
    18:57 Bass roll off filter
    20:15 Outro

    Reply
  2. Tomi Engdahl says:

    MacGyver Style Testing – Speakers – Mics – Headphones (Public)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f9sgxA6AhxI

    I will show you how to test a speaker, mic, and headphones without using any test gear or anything powered. Don’t even need a battery!

    00:00 Intro
    00:28 9 volt battery test
    01:10 Generating electricity with a speaker
    01:47 Testing with a paperclip
    02:15 Using a clip lead
    03:20 Testing a compression driver
    04:44 Testing a mic using a speaker
    05:42 Use a speaker to test headphones
    06:06 Test home hi-fi speaker with paperclip
    07:00 Summary Outro

    Reply
  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Open & Repair AKG C414 C451 Neumann U89 (Public)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZiuiWbt3jzU

    A couple of broken mics from the Rat Shop so lets look inside and also check out a Neumann U89 while we are at it.

    Reply
  4. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Hear Microphone Polar Pattern & Distance Level Drop (Public)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KTdGhqz_WgQ

    Here is a simple way to hear the microphone polar pattern and proximity level changes of microphones. These tests will give a great indication of how much gain before feedback and how sensitive a mic will be when singing close and far.

    Check it out and let me know what ya think.

    00:00 Intro
    00:09 Simple gear, complex concepts
    01:02 Polar patterns
    02:20 Test setup
    02:54 Calibrate levels
    03:35 Hear om7 vs Beta58A polar pattern
    06:07 Level drop vs distance om7 vs Beta 58A
    07:10 Polar and level drop Beta58a vs Telefunken M80
    08:30 Polar and level drop Beta58a vs SM58
    09:17 Polar and level drop Beta58a vs Heil PR35
    10:52 Polar and level drop Beta58a vs Royer 122 Ribbon
    11:54 Null in polar pattern vs polarity
    13:22 Outro

    Reply
  5. Tomi Engdahl says:

    No One Cares About Your Audio Gear – Diminishing Returns on Microphones
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7-tnf0j0vs

    Today I share my thoughts on diminishing returns and microphones, where the threshold his for dynamic mics and condenser mics, and what you might be getting for the higher price point.

    00:00 – Intro
    00:35 – Category 1: Dynamic Microphones
    04:33 – Diminishing Returns on Dynamic Microphones
    07:03 – Category B: Condenser Microphones
    10:14 – Diminishing Returns on Condenser Microphoens
    12:19 – Summary
    15:04 – Conclusion

    Reply
  6. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Open & Repair AKG C414 C451 Neumann U89 (Public)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZiuiWbt3jzU

    A couple of broken mics from the Rat Shop so lets look inside and also check out a Neumann U89 while we are at it.

    00:00 intro
    00:20 AKG C414, C451E and Neumann U89
    00:49 AKG C414 test
    01:25 Parts box and replace
    02:17 Open C414
    03:25 Phantom powering
    04:00 Test and open C451 capsule
    04:40 C451 crackle sound
    05:14 C451 Diaphragm
    05:52 Reassemble C451 capsule
    06:31 Disassemble C451 housing
    07:05 Reassemble C451 housing and test
    07:48 Open Neumann U89
    09:00 Reassemble U89 and test
    09:26 Outro

    Reply
  7. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Mic Shootout – Neumann U67, Neumann U47, AKG C12, Telefunken ELA M 251
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=weJD-ED7tRA

    Really more of a mic match up, since there is not one mic that will fit every singer
    0:00 U67
    2:30 U47
    5:00 C12
    7:30 ELAM 251
    Added a Ribbon Mic to the Mix. You can check that out at:

    Mic Shootout – Ocean Way Audio RM1-B Ribbon Mic VS U67, U47, C12, ELA M 251
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_my0pT7Sh0&t=0s

    Reply
  8. Tomi Engdahl says:

    LAV’s LAW:

    Anyone who needs a lav will show up wearing silk, satin, or shirtless.
    “Phil Wallace 2022″

    Reply
  9. Tomi Engdahl says:

    SM7B vs SM58 Mic SHOWDOWN
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FPO8dfE9inY

    Timestamps

    00:00 Intro

    2:04 Technical differences with Dylan Lalonde

    9:22 Sound comparisons with Aiden

    Turn Your SM58 Into an SM7B!!
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXPHGrR_JA8

    The last time we tried this, we used EQ and compression to bridge the gap between the two mics.
    This time we are actually actually making the SM58 as mechanically close to the SM7B as possible!
    If you want to do this as well, it is super easy, but you are going to need a couple things.

    Reply
  10. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Surely you can’t use an SM58 to record vocals…can you?
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cqqw_xVRsdY

    The Shure SM58 is primarily known as an excellent live mic. But it can also be used for *recording* vocals in your home studio, despite what some people may say!

    00:00 Intro
    00:24 About the SM58
    01:24 They say “Don’t use SM58 for recording vocals”…
    02:01 Use the SM58!
    03:16 Record now! You don’t need expensive equipment
    04:59 Example of just doing it with cheap equipment
    05:46 My EP made with SM58 for vocals
    06:26 Get nervous recording vocals?

    Why the SM58 is a great microphone for recording
    https://homemusiccreator.com/sm58-great-mic-for-recording/

    Reply
  11. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The Blumlein microphone technique PS
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0MBKe4Sz2fM

    Allan Blumlein was the genius that invented stereo. How did he use microphones to build that first stereo system?

    Reply
  12. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Q. What difference do ‘free-field’ and ‘diffuse‑field’ capsules make to microphones?
    https://www.soundonsound.com/sound-advice/q-what-difference-do-free-field-and-diffuse-field-capsules-make-microphones

    My Brüel & Kjær 4006 mics have alternative black and silver capsules. The box says: “The black grid gives flat frequency response in a diffuse soundfield, the bright grid gives flat frequency response with 0 degree incidence in a free‑field.” What does this mean in practice? For the last 20 years I’ve been using the silver (bright) grid; under what conditions should I consider swapping them out?

    SOS Technical Editor Hugh Robjohns replies: One aspect of omnidirectional mics, which surprisingly few seem to be aware of, is that they are fundamentally designed to be used either in the free‑field (which means close to the sound source) or the diffuse‑field, beyond the Critical Distance (where the direct and reverberated sounds are equal in level) in a reverberant space. Some omni mics can be reconfigured, either electrically or mechanically, to work in either condition, but most have a fixed characteristic and using the wrong one in the wrong situation will deliver a noticeably bright or dull sound.

    So why is this capsule modification needed? Well, the frequency response of an omnidirectional mic is affected by where the sound source is relative to the diaphragm.

    At low and mid frequencies, the wavelength is much larger than the diameter of the diaphragm, so the soundwaves simply diffract around the microphone as if it weren’t there. However, at high frequencies, where the wavelength is similar to the size of the diaphragm, some of the sound energy is reflected back into the incoming sound waves, creating a build‑up of pressure in front of the diaphragm. This acoustic interaction increases the microphone’s sensitivity to high frequencies, typically resulting in an HF boost of the order of 10dB at 16kHz (for a conventional small‑diaphragm omni mic) — it is quite a significant effect!

    So the microphone designer faces a dilemma: should an omni microphone be designed to give a flat frequency response for close, direct, on‑axis free‑field sources, or for more distant, reverberant diffuse‑field situations? Both are valid recording applications for omni mics in different situations. In some cases, the dilemma is dealt with by including switchable electronic EQ, allowing the mic to be used in either situation. Since this is an acoustic problem, though, the solution B&K chose was an acoustic one: they designed different grids to sit in front of the diaphragm which correct the HF boost by controlling the pressure build‑up itself.

    Reply
  13. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Current Loop Extends Wired Microphones Past 1 Km
    https://hackaday.com/2022/09/27/current-loop-extends-wired-microphones-past-1-km/

    A problem which beset early telephone engineers was that as the length of their lines increased, so did the distortion of whatever signal they wanted to transmit. This was corrected once they had gained an understanding of the capacitance and inductance of a long cable. The same effects hamper attempts to place microphones on long lines, and [Leo’s Bag of Tricks] has a solution for doing that using Cat5 cable. The application is audio surveillance, but we think the technique is useful enough to have application elsewhere.

    Is Your House Bugged?
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YRWU80K8y30

    Here we explore how a current loop microphone can provide audio surveillance at low cost and high fidelity.

    Reply
  14. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Phantom Mic on a Mile of Cat5e Cable!
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f0nKK43Oeas

    Lets listen to what Shure SM58 and a Neumann U89 sound like when run analog down a mile and a half of Cat5e cable.

    Reply
  15. Tomi Engdahl says:

    A normal analog microphone can go OK through a kilometer of Cat5 cable. Audio “mythbuster” Dave Rat lets you to listen to what Shure SM58 and a Neumann U89 sound like when run analog down a mile and a half of Cat5e cable in tjhis video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f0nKK43Oeas

    Reply
  16. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Tips & Tricks – Repairing Mics: Shure KSM37 (137) Senn MD431, Audix i50
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BXuWosoTtSA

    Broken mics came back from Coachella and from the Rat shop, Let’s dive in and do some mic repairs!

    Reply
  17. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Tips & Tricks Part 2 – Repairing Mics: Beyer M88, Shure Beta 52a,
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8miWDn57UZI

    Let go deep inside and look for fixes on a Beyer M88 and Shure Beta 52a

    Basically no-one makes these hands-on videos — helping the new blood of engineers — either because they don’t have the legitimate old school experience or they’re sadly too gone to speak in full sentences anymore. Step forward Dave. Legend isn’t the word. Your work is creating a body of easily-accessible and honestly-presented knowledge that needs to be on the radar of anyone interested in the practicalities (and engineering problems) of live sound. Fantastic.

    Reply
  18. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Hear Microphone Polar Pattern & Distance Level Drop (Public)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KTdGhqz_WgQ

    Here is a simple way to hear the microphone polar pattern and proximity level changes of microphones. These tests will give a great indication of how much gain before feedback and how sensitive a mic will be when singing close and far.

    00:00 Intro
    00:09 Simple gear, complex concepts
    01:02 Polar patterns
    02:20 Test setup
    02:54 Calibrate levels
    03:35 Hear om7 vs Beta58A polar pattern
    06:07 Level drop vs distance om7 vs Beta 58A
    07:10 Polar and level drop Beta58a vs Telefunken M80
    08:30 Polar and level drop Beta58a vs SM58
    09:17 Polar and level drop Beta58a vs Heil PR35
    10:52 Polar and level drop Beta58a vs Royer 122 Ribbon
    11:54 Null in polar pattern vs polarity
    13:22 Outro

    Reply
  19. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Phantom Power Mic 6 Miles Cat5e Cable??
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SorO-QpqYRU

    00:00 Intro and setup
    02:14 100 meter (3 28 feet) test Shure SM58, AKG C414 and Neumann U89
    04:24 800 meter (1/2 mile) test Shure SM58, AKG C414 and Neumann U89
    06:57 1600 meter (1 mile) test Shure SM58, AKG C414 and Neumann U89
    09:22 2400 meter (1.5 mile) test Shure SM58, AKG C414 and Neumann U89
    11:46 4800 meter (3 mile) test Shure SM58, AKG C414 and Neumann U89
    14:21 6400 meter (6 mile) test Shure SM58 and Neumann U89 ( I tested the C414 as well and it worked without issues, I skipped it as it performed the same as the U89)
    16:21 Outro

    Reply
  20. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Problems With Mono Sound From Stereo Speakers
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHjdh-Vka-g

    Demonstration of how to reduce comb filtering and audio interference issues from sound reinforcement systems.

    00:00 Into
    0037 Same sound from multiple points in space
    01:40 Same signal vs different signal interactions
    02:11 Multiple sounds from the same point in space
    03:05 Unnatural sound assets and issues
    04:05 Demo description
    05:16 Single speaker pink noise
    05:39 Same pink noise to two speakers
    06:07 Same pink noise to two speakers with polarity reverse one speaker
    06:26 Same pink noise to two speakers
    06:32 Two different pink noise generators to each speaker
    07:02 Two different pink noise generators to each speaker with one speaker polarity reversed
    07:20 Summary
    09:00 Multiple pink sources for measuring sound systems
    09:26 Outro

    Reply
  21. Tomi Engdahl says:

    How Does Phantom Power Affect Microphones?
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTarfzrCGvI

    Phantom Power does change the sound of your microphone, BUT HOW & is More Power Better, Worse, Too Much, or Not Enough?

    Can Microphones Work with 12v if their Specs Says 48v?

    In this video I test and compare multiple small and large diaphragm condenser and shotgun microphones with both 12 and 48v phantom power and use frequency analysis to find out how phantom voltage affects sound. If you have ever wondered whether phantom power really affects your microphone, this is for you.

    Phantom Power – How to Avoid Damaging Your Microphones
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZ5AdyreC4o

    Phantom power is used to turn on any condenser microphone such as small pencil condenser mics, and large diaphragm vocal microphones. It is important to understand how to properly use these mics, and how to properly apply phantom power to turn on these mics.

    Reply
  22. Tomi Engdahl says:

    https://www.richardmudhar.com/blog/using-piezo-contact-mics-right/

    The sound to voltage conversion isn’t noted for its high quality – most piezo contact mics are tuned speaker elements used in reverse. The brass disc on which the element is glued is designed to resonate at the design frequency of 2-4kHz so that a large audio output is achieved with a small power input. This will tend to lead to a peakiness at mid-frequencies, which is why I glue these to a magnet to try and spread this peak and make the coupling to the source better.

    However, the main reason these have gotten a bad rap is that many people couple them into a standard audio load, which loses low frequencies.

    The reason why these devices often sound tinny is because the piezo sensor presents its signal through a series capacitance which is small, typically 15nF or less. When wired to a normal 50 kilohm line input this forms a 200Hz high-pass filter, which eliminates the bass.

    If wired to a consumer plug-in-power microphone input of about 7 kilohms impedance, the result is a 1kHz high-pass filter. Hence the reputation for poor bass performance…..”

    A piezo element can be thought of as a sound-dependent voltage source in series with a large capacitance of about 15nF. Here the trouble starts. You need to put this into a load which is higher than the impedance of the series capacitor at the lowest frequency of interest. If that is 20Hz, since the impedance of the capacitor is 1/2pifreq*C then you want that to be > 530k.

    So what to people do? They go and stick this into the line input of their recorder, typical impedance 50k, or the plug-in-power mic input of their recorder, typical impedance about 7k, and they start to grouch that this damn thing sounds tinny. Which is does – from the frequency response you can see that the mic input starts losing low frequencies below 1kHz (red line) and the line starts to go below 200Hz (green line).

    These things are very much like the crystal mics people used to use with valve open reel recorders in the 1950s/60s. Valves do high impedance really well, and inputs were often in the area of 1 megohm input impedance. The move to transistor circuitry meant consumer audio inputs tended to end up around 50k which is reasonably easy to do. Crystal mics also used the piezoelectric principle, and were valued for their low cost and high output voltage which overcame the preamplifier noise better. Transistorising audio gear killed off the crystal mic as they sounded tinny and harsh with the lower input impedances for the same reason.

    Piezo contact microphone hi-Z amplifier using a FET
    http://www.richardmudhar.com/piezo-contact-microphone-hi-z-amplifier-using-a-fet/

    Piezo contact microphone hi-Z amplifier – low noise version
    http://www.richardmudhar.com/piezo-contact-microphone-hi-z-amplifier-low-noise-version/

    Reply
  23. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Do Vocal Mics Go Bad? Lets Hear what happens!
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0gIrgXsioQE

    Null testing vocal mics to hear degradation do to build up of spit and other issues

    Reply
  24. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Lav Mic EQ & Processing For Corporate Shows
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Az3pw2qLiWA

    01:26 – Mic placement as an A2
    02:49 – System Design & Processing
    05:52 – Channel Strip & Subgroup Processing on Console
    18:53 – Mixing Techniques

    Reply
  25. Tomi Engdahl says:

    How To Eliminate Microphone Feedback | 5 Must-Know Tips
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z2ceO8D_MUw

    What causes microphone feedback? How can you eliminate mic feedback to prevent the squealing, howling, or screeching sound of feedback from ruining your live performance? In this video, I’ll teach you how to set up your PA system and ring out stage monitor wedges to prevent microphone feedback before the show begins.

    0:00 – Introduction
    0:16 – What Causes Microphone Feedback?
    1:03 – Tip #1
    2:32 – Tip #2
    3:19 – Tip #3
    5:20 – Tip #4
    6:26 – Tip #5
    7:31 – Bonus Tip (Tip #6)
    7:49 – Subscribe To Audio University!

    https://audiouniversityonline.com/5-steps-to-eliminate-microphone-feedback/

    Reply
  26. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The Magic of Tube Microphones! – Marc Daniel Nelson
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eCn99sxdSQ

    In this episode of MakeMineMusic, Marc Daniel Nelson shares his experiences and stories of
    the magic of Tube Microphones. Join him in this fireside chat as he breaks down his personal
    experiences with a vast array of microphones.

    C12 by AKG

    AKG’s C12 is one of the best-known tube condenser microphones in history. It is a side-address, large-diaphragm design based on AKG’s CK12 capsule, a 6072 dual-triode glass tube, and a transformer-coupled output circuit.

    Telefunken ELA M 251 (AKG made)

    Arguably one the most beautiful microphones ever produced, the TELEFUNKEN ELA M 251E has been featured on countless hits and classic recordings over the decades. Today, prime examples of vintage ELA M 250 / 251 (both “E” and “non E”) microphones have become rare and highly sought after jewels, commanding tens of thousands of dollars on the vintage market.

    Neumann M50

    The Neumann M50 is a pressure-type microphone with non-directional characteristics. After its introduction in 1950, the outstanding tonal quality and omnidirectional pattern of the Neumann M50 made it the gold standard for the recording of symphony orchestras, either with the single-microphone technique, a stereo pair, or the Decca Tree for three-track recordings.

    Neumann M49

    The M49 has a dual-diaphragm design, which allowed it to become the first condenser microphone with a remotely switchable pickup pattern having constant sensitivity: the psu doubles as a pattern selector, with a continuously-variable potentiometer for choosing cardioid, omni-directional, figure-eight or any position in-between the three.

    Neumann U67

    The U 67 was developed to replace the venerable U 47 as the company’s flagship large-diaphragm condenser. The U 67 is incredibly versatile. No source is off limits; its high SPL handling, ruler-flat frequency response, detailed midrange, and sweet, velvety character with a hint of delicate airiness make it a first-call mic for drums, piano, acoustic and electric guitars, strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion, and vocals.

    Neumann M269

    The M 269 is a large-diaphragm, multipattern tube condenser microphone. It is a variation of the Neumann U-67, developed as a way to sell the U-67 to the German broadcast market.

    Neumann U47

    The Neumann U 47 is the granddaddy of large diaphragm condenser microphones and features a legendary sound that has captured the vocal stylings of the greatest singers in the modern era. The Beatles used it to great effect, as did Frank Sinatra. From Ella to Adele, the Kingston Trio to the King of Pop, the vocal sounds of jazz and rock, folk and pop would not be the same without a U 47 in the studio.

    Reply
  27. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Test – Do Audio Transformers Mess Up Sound? – Part 1
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=so_sXkH8QOk

    Lets see and hear the impact on the sound of having an isolation transformer connected to an Audix TR40 measurement mic and a Shure Beta 58

    00:00 Introduction
    00:54 Transformer Specs Radial JS3, Twin ISO Whirlwind ISO2
    02:14 Crimson, Cinemag and Lundahl
    02:48 Do transformers hurt the sound?
    04:16 The test setup
    06:35 Baseline curve with Audix TR40 mic and hardwire split
    08:41 Compare Audix TR40 into 1 vs 2 console channels hardwire
    09:48 Impact of Whirlwind ISO2 connected to TR40 mic
    11:20 Transformer alters sound of mic everywhere
    12:35 impact of Radial JS3 connected to TR40 mic
    13:53 Impact of Whirlwind ISO2 connected to Beta58
    15:52 impact of Radial JS3 connected to TR40 mic
    16:38 Outro

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

*