Networking trends for 2018

Here are some of my collection of newest trends and predictions for year 2018. I have not invented those ideas what will happen next year completely myself. I have gone through many articles that have given predictions for year 2018. Then I have picked and mixed here the best part from those articles (sources listed on the end of posting) with some of my own additions to make this posting.This article contains very many quotations from those source articles.

Big Data, mobility and the Internet of Things (IoT) are generating an enormous amount of data, and data center operators must find ways to support higher and higher speeds. Recent data center trends predict bandwidth requirements will continue growing 25 percent to 35 percent per year. Many older data centers were designed to support 1-gigabit or 10-gigabit pathways between servers, routers and switches. Today’s Ethernet roadmap extends from 25- and 40-gigabit up through 100-gigabit, and 400-gigabit and even 1-terabit Ethernet loom within a few years. The biggest sales are forecasted for 25G and 100G ports for next few years. Ethernet switch market has now 100 Gbit/s products in the volumes at the moment, and both 200G and 400G Ethernet versions will be taken to use in 2018.

Broadcom dominates the Ethernet switch chip market today with a 73 to 94 percent share, depending on how market watchers slice the sector valued at nearly a billion dollars. Its closest rival, Cisco Systems, takes most of the rest with systems using its own ASICs. Juniper, Hewlett Packard Enterprise and Huawei also make Ethernet switch ASICs for their systems. With seven merchant chips in the pipeline and four in-house ASICs in the works, we will see a record number of unique platforms ship in 2018. Wheeler of the Linley Group expects the competition will drive Ethernet switch costs from about $60/port today to about $36/port by 2020.

Data center giants “are driving their own code and programmable capabilities as close to the server as possible.The dozen largest data center operators — including the likes of Facebook and Google — build their own switch systems or specify systems built by ODMs. They can drive sales of millions of chips a year but demand maximum bandwidth at minimum cost and power consumption. The Tomahawk-3 is geared for the next-generation of their top-of-rack and aggregation switches, delivering up to 128 100GE or 32 400GE ports, the first merchant chip to support 400GE rates.

China will start making more optical components: Several Western component and subsystems vendors have cited reduced demand from Chinese systems houses such as Huawei and ZTE for revenue declines in 2017. One reason for the slowdown is the fact that these systems houses have begun looking for more local optical technology sources. In addition to doing more development work in-house (particularly in the case of Huawei), the two Chinese systems vendors have begun to work more closely with Chinese companies such as Accelink, Hisense, and HiSilicon as well as Japanese vendors. This can mean that Western firms (particularly in the U.S.) may not see their Chinese orders return to previous levels.

Higher power power over Ethernet: 802.3bt – IEEE Draft Standard for Ethernet Amendment: Physical Layer and Management Parameters for DTE Power via MDI over 4-Pair amendment to IEEE Std 802.3-2015 increases the maximum PD power available by utilizing all four pairs in the specified structured wiring plant. This represents a substantial increase to the capabilities of Ethernet with standardized power – allow delivery of up to 90 watts of power via existing Ethernet cabling. The Ethernet Alliance has announced details of its next plugfest: Dedicated to pre-standard testing of Power over Ethernet (PoE) technologies against Draft 3.2 of the IEEE P802.3bt standard, the event will be held in February 2018. The specification’s ratification is expected in September of 2018.

802.11ax hasn’t been signed off yet, but promises to send WiFi towards 10 Gb/s thanks to its use of both multi-user multiple-input and multiple-output (MU-MIMO) and the new Orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA). 802.11ax is  good at combining lots of different links so that users get more connections, more often, and end up with more bandwidth.  Marvell claims it’ll have the first chipsets for new 10G WiFi ready for products in H2 2018. Marvell said the chipsets will ship some time in early 2018 and will appear in products in the second half of the year. Widespread 802.11ax adoption in devices probably won’t happen until 2019.

5G something in it for everyone. 5G is big.  5G New Radio (NR) wireless technology will ultimately impact everyone in the electronics and telecommunications industries. Most estimates say 2020 is when we will ultimately see some real 5G deployments on a scale. In the meantime, companies are firming up their plans for whatever 5G products and services they will offer. Though test and measurement solutions will be key in the commercialization cycle. 5G is set to disrupt test processes. If 5G takes off, the technology will propel the development of new chips in both the infrastructure and the handset. Data centers require specialty semiconductors from power management to high-speed optical fiber front-ends. 5G systems will drive more complexity in RF front-ends .

Networks will become more and more virtual, especially on 5G. 5G networks will build on LTE network architecture with the introduction of cloud RANs (C-RANs) and virtualized RANs. Network function virtualization (NFV) and software-defined networking (SDN) tools and architectures could enable operators to reduce network costs and simplify deployment. For more details read System architecture milestone of 5G Phase 1 is achieved article.

Automotive Ethernet: Automotive Ethernet will replace the Media Oriented Systems Transport (MOST) bus found on many vehicles today and also compete with systems like Maxim’s Gigabit Multimedia Serial Link (GMSL). The standards include IEEE 802.3bw 100BASE-T1 and IEEE P802.3bp 1000BASE-T1 that adopt the 100-Mb/s and 1-Gb/s Ethernet protocols to run over over a single twisted pair up to 15 meters. Chips, PHYs and switches are now readily available for automotive Ethernet. Automotive switches will support time-sensitive networking (TSN) features like audio video bridging (AVB) ingress policy, rate limiting andalso features 802.1Qav/Qbv queue-shaping support. We will need a Security Blanket for Automotive Ethernet.

Car-to-car communication: The industry and government have defined several versions of vehicular communications. These are vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and vehicle-to-everything (V2X). V2V is the direct communications between vehicles within range of one another. V2V link-up is automatic and cars exchange status information messages Basic Safety Message (BSM) 10 times per second (contains data such as GPS location, speed, direction, brake status, and related conditions). There are competing technologies to make this all work. IEEE802.11p ahead of LTE-V2V for safety critical applications. 5G will offer increased capacity and decreased latency for some critical applications such as vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) or vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications for advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and self-driving vehicles. The big question is whether 5G will disrupt the landscape or fall short of its promises.

TSN (time sensitive networking) will be talked on many application. Success in the IIoT requires that information- and operational-technology networks work in tandem—time-sensitive networking can make it happen. A converged industrial network will address several challenges that currently exist in today’s disparate network architecture, and it is believed that needed convergence is provided by time-sensitive networking (TSN). TSN is a set of IEEE 802 sub-standards that, when implemented, enable deterministic communication over Ethernet networks while keeping the benefits of communication in best effort manner, on that same network. TSN introduces different traffic classes that share the same link. Proper implementation of TSN requires a solution that can provide a low latency and deterministic response at TSN end points and TSN bridges – it is usually implemented with combining a processor and a FPGA or using advanced Ethernet switch chip.

Gartner analyst says on-premises data centers will soon be ‘useless’: Govekar said that as soon as 2019, at least a third of the largest software vendors will have transitioned their products from cloud-first to cloud-only. For this reason Gartner analyst predicts doom for on-premises data centers. If this happens , there will be a lot of work for network operators and cloud service companies to be able to build the infrastructure that can handle all this without problems. I expect that not all on-premises data centers are doomed. There are applications where moving everything to central could does not make sense – for example many IoT applications are moving some of the processing from cloud to edge devices for various reasons (lower latency, reduce needed bandwidth, work also when communications does not work etc..). There is also place for some on-premises data centers on some application (may them be depending on need anything from embedded server to room full of equipment racks). When designing for the IoT, security needs to be addressed from the Cloud down to each and every edge device. Protecting data is both a hardware and a software requirement, as more data is being stored and analyzed in edge devices and gateways.

Network neutrality talks will continue in 2018. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on December 14, 2017 overturned the Title II-based Open Internet Order the previous Democratic-controlled FCC regime put in place in 2015. So what happens next? In the immediate term, nothing. The Restoring Internet Freedom Order won’t go into effect until sometime in the first half of 2018.

IPv6 usage seems to be finally accelerating in 2018. IPv6 has been a “future” since 1998, and an important future since 2007. IPv6 deployments have been increasing and chances are you have already used IPv6 – but haven’t realized it yet. IPv6 deployment is increasing around the world, with over 9 million domain names and 23% of all networks advertising IPv6 connectivity. Network admins will have many concerns about migrating to IPv6 in 2018. China plans to put the Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6)-based network into large-scale use, to boost the development of the Internet industry. China aims to have 200 million active users of IPv6 by the end of 2018. IPv6 use is increasing, but that does not mean that IPv4 is no way dying. It seems that both of those technologies will co-exist in Internet for a long time.



Chinese systems houses engaging with alternative component, subsystem sources: LightCounting

802.3bt – IEEE Draft Standard for Ethernet Amendment: Physical Layer and Management Parameters for DTE Power via MDI over 4-Pair

Next Ethernet Alliance PoE Plugfest to provide critical support for Power over Ethernet certification program

Making 5G Happen

UK Updates 5G Strategy

System architecture milestone of 5G Phase 1 is achieved

Five technology trends for 2018

NI Trend Watch 2018 explores trends driving the future faster

ADAS Needs V2X to Meet ITS Goals

Taking Automotive Ethernet for a Test Drive

A Security Blanket for Automotive Ethernet

TSN: Converging Networks for a Better Industrial IoT

Gartner analyst says on-premises data centers will soon be ‘useless’

Gartner analyst predicts doom for on-premises data centers

M2M within the IoT – Pushing Security from the Cloud Down to Every Last Endpoint

Net Neutrality Overturned: Now What?

B’com Shifts Switch to 12.8 Tbits/s

Planning starts now for high-speed data center migration

Lights, camera, 802.11ax-ion!

China to speed up IPv6-based Internet development

State of IPv6 Deployment 2017

Top 5 Concerns of Network Admins About Migrating to IPv6 in 2018



  1. Tomi Engdahl says:

    US Urging Allies to Shun Huawei: WSJ

    The United States is trying to persuade wireless companies and internet providers in allied countries to shun equipment made by Chinese telecoms giant Huawei, citing cyber security risks, The Wall Street Journal reported Friday.

    The lobbying campaign, also targeting government officials, is taking place in allied countries where Huawei equipment is widely in use such as Germany, Italy and Japan, the Journal reported, quoting people familiar with the situation.

    U.S. Push on Huawei Ripples Through Markets
    Washington has asked foreign allies to avoid telecommunications equipment from China’s Huawei

    ZTE Corp. shares fell sharply Friday and Chinese stocks retreated more broadly as news that the U.S. was discouraging sales of Chinese telecoms gear abroad exacerbated trade concerns.

  2. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Mike Murphy / Quartz:
    Behind Microsoft’s Airband Initiative as it partners with small ISPs, like Michigan’s PackerLand, to deliver internet to rural homes using existing TV towers

    This town is running an experiment that could help bring internet to millions of people

    Mason and his team had been working on using radio frequencies allocated to the broadcast industry by the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) that aren’t currently in use to deliver internet to people. The concept, using what are called TV whitespaces, is not new—the FCC has been testing it for a few years, and adopted rules to allow companies to use the frequencies in 2010—but few have moved from the theoretical to the realistic.

    Packerland has been working with Microsoft to develop its technology as part of the software giant’s Airband Initiative, where it’s using its size and connections to help bring broadband-like internet connectivity to 2 million people in rural America by 2022. Mason demonstrated how his company had developed the whitespace concept into a working product, with Microsoft’s help, connecting his team to companies like Redline, which developed the radio technologies Packerland has been testing.

    Giant antennas had been replaced with small plastic boxes. The company’s tower was just down the way from the community center, and Mason had hooked up an antenna outside the building to show what the connection speeds were like. Even in heavy snow, he was still getting about 43 Mbps download speed, which is not far off from what I often get in my very connected Brooklyn apartment. Mason said the range of the current setup is about 6 miles.

    The team’s radio tower is around 200 ft tall. But the whitespace radios are only about 100 ft up the tower due to current FCC regulations that forbid them from being placed any higher so as to not interfere with broadcast signals (even though there are no broadcasters in the area).

    Packerland hopes to sell its service for $75 per month or less, on par with most consumer broadband offerings in more populated areas. It would take about 20 to 25 customers per antenna sector, Heigel said, to make that feasible. “It might be a little costly, it might be a little ugly, but we’re doing it,” Heigl said. “We’ve been challenging ourselves not to say no.” The service will be rolling out for customers more broadly over the next year, with the team working to extend its range and strength.

    In the US, one of the most prosperous countries on Earth, there are over 34 million people who don’t have access to broadband internet.

    roughly half the world’s population still doesn’t have access to the internet, or around 3.4 billion people.

    “Broadband is the electricity of the 21st Century.”

    “Broadband is the electricity of the 21st Century,” Shelley McKinley, the head of Microsoft’s corporate responsibility group, which includes the Airband initiative, told me. It’s what kids need to succeed in class, where tomorrow’s businesses will begin, and where the world communicates. She says that millions are unable to participate in the “new digital economy,” and while Microsoft has set ambitious targets in the US to bring more people online, her team recognizes that no one company or solution will close the gap.

    Closing the rural broadband gap

    Many rural areas lack broadband access, limiting their ability to thrive in a digital economy. The Airband Initiative brings affordable broadband access to everyone.

  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Karl Bode / Motherboard:
    Study of developed markets: US has the 5th highest per-gigabyte prices in 4G smartphone plans and is the most expensive market in wireless home broadband plans

    US Wireless Data Prices Are Among the Most Expensive on Earth

    US consumers pay “excessive” prices for mobile data, research firm warns, adding that with looming mergers—it could soon get worse.

    A new study has found that US wireless consumers pay some of the highest prices for mobile data in the developed world. According to a new study from Finnish research firm Rewheel, the US mobile data market has the fifth most expensive price per gigabyte smartphone plans among developed nations, and was the most expensive for mobile data overall.

  4. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Optical Technology Takes on NCDL Signals
    Optical technology provides a reliable solution to waveguide for high-speed data links.

    Jack Browne | Nov 20, 2018

    The interchange of common-data-link (CDL) signals for communications between different intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) systems operated by various armed forces and government agencies requires wide bandwidths. And those have traditionally required metal waveguide transmission lines to support bidirectional microwave signals at about 14 to 16 GHz between sensors, terminals, remote antennas, and other system platforms. But Optical Zonu has shown that it is possible to accomplish CDL communications reliably and securely using optical communications technology.

  5. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Algorithms to Antenna: Waveforms for 5G, 802.11ax, and NB-IoT

    System modeling and simulation for 5G, 802.11ax, and Narrowband-IoT can benefit significantly when adding waveform building blocks to the mix.

  6. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Is It Easier to Imagine the End of the World Than the End of the Internet?

    Does anyone at Facebook have the will, or even the ability, to control Facebook? That’s the question underlying last week’s New York Times investigation of the social media giant. It’s increasingly clear that the company’s growth and survival are premised on its complicity not only in the kind of invasive data exchange revealed by the Cambridge Analytica scandal, but also on its ineffective, whack-a-mole approach to dealing with the promotion of violence on its platform — an approach that failed to check a coordinated campaign by Myanmar’s military to carry out a genocide of the country’s Rohingya population. These problems appear immune to the company’s attempts at reform, so its leaders have opted instead for an aggressive defense, lobbying lawmakers and trying to reassure the public by denying and downplaying their responsibility.

    Are Facebook’s problems a perversion of tech’s utopian promise, or are they a logical outcome of the structure of the internet and its products?

  7. Tomi Engdahl says:

    FCC Gets Complaint: Proposed Ham Radio Rules Hurt National Security

    On November 10th, [Theodore Rappaport] sent the FCC an ex parte filing regarding a proposed rule change that would remove the limit on baud rate of high frequency (HF) digital transmissions. According to [Rappaport] there are already encoded messages that can’t be read on the ham radio airwaves and this would make the problem worse.

    The FCC proposal is related to a request by the ARRL (American Radio Relay League) seeking to overturn baud rate limits imposed in 1980 presumably in an attempt to limit signals eating up too much spectrum on the bands. However, PACTOR 4 — specifically mentioned in the proposal — is narrow bandwidth but capable of sending 5,800 bits per second and is thus not permitted on amateur bands. The ARRL argues that this is actually preventing efficient use of the bands. Keep in mind that while PACTOR is well-known, PACTOR-II, -III, and -IV are proprietary and generally not decodable without using an approved modem.

    It doesn’t seem especially related to us that upping or removing bandwidth limits would necessarily result in national security problems per se. First, the airwaves aren’t exclusively American. So while the FCC can control radio operators in the United States, that isn’t the entire problem.

  8. Tomi Engdahl says:

    How to test your network with PerfSONAR

    Set up a single-node configuration to measure your network performance.

  9. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Washington Asks Allies to Drop Huawei
    U.S. worried about potential Chinese meddling in 5G networks, but foreign carriers may balk

    The U.S. government has initiated an extraordinary outreach campaign to foreign allies, trying to persuade wireless and internet providers in these countries to avoid telecommunications equipment from China’s Huawei Technologies Co., according to people familiar with the situation.

    American officials have briefed their government counterparts and telecom executives in friendly countries where Huawei equipment is already in wide use, including Germany, Italy and Japan, about what they see as cybersecurity risks, these people said. The U.S. is also considering increasing financial aid for telecommunications development in countries that shun Chinese-made equipment, some of these people say.

  10. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Nokia osti viime helmikuussa WiFi-mesh-tekniikkaa kehittävän amerikkalaisen Uniumin. Nyt tämä wifi-reititinratkaisu pääsee tositoimiin Taiwanissa. Kuituyhteyksiä tarjoava operaattori AIS Fibre tarjoaa käyttäjilleen Nokian kolme wifireititintä erikoishintaan. Reitittimien avulla päästään nauttimaan AIS Fibren kuituyhteyksien nopeudesta kaikkialla asunnossa.

  11. Tomi Engdahl says:

    New Zealand Halts Huawei From 5G Upgrade Over Security Fears

    New Zealand’s international spy agency on Wednesday halted mobile company Spark from using Huawei equipment in its planned 5G upgrade, saying it posed a “significant network security risk.”

  12. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Why 56Gb/s And 112Gb/s SerDes Matter In Our Daily Social-Media-Driven Lives

    Why higher-speed data rates are so critical to electronic evolution and revolution.

    Hyper-scalers and service providers are moving from 100GbE to 400GbE Ethernet rates and beyond. Wireline and wireless networks are driving new architectures to support the move from 4G LTE to 5G infrastructure. These transitions are driven by the increasing global IP traffic as the world becomes more connected and digital. At the same time, the decentralization of the cloud and data centers are happening. Hundreds of scaled-down micro data centers are appearing at the edge of the network to support latency-sensitive IoT devices, real-time safety systems and now self- driven cars.

  13. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Why Don’t I Need a Landline?: The Rise of Wireless 9-1-1 Service

    According to NENA, the 9-1-1 Association, approximately 240 million calls a year are made to 9-1-1 in the US. 80% of them — 192 million calls — come from wireless devices.

    Now, the industry is asking what percentage of those calls comes from smart devices and if the public safety infrastructure can handle this rapid, high-tech change.

  14. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Rugged Box Systems Enable Vehicle Mobile Networking

    Standards like VICTORY and programs like WIN-T are influencing the kinds of technology and products needed for upgrading today’s military vehicle platforms. Advanced rugged box-level solutions are spinning up to feed those needs.

  15. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The Indian Physicist who Bent Light

    Very few people have the luck to live long enough to see how their work revolutionises the world. The Indian physicist Narinder Singh Kapany is one of those fortunate people. In 1953, he designed and manufactured a glass wire capable of transporting light, which he later coined fibre optics, an invention that has transformed all our lives. Without it, the Internet and modern telecommunications would not be possible, nor the most advanced biomedical instrumentation, nor the efficient use of solar energy. With fibre optics, this genius of physics—in addition to being an entrepreneur and inventor—achieved what his teachers had told him was impossible: to bend light.

  16. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Eliminating the blame game: How to test and certify your network for IoT readiness

    You need more than ever from your test equipment in the age of IoT, PoE, and multiple link speeds.

    If the PoE powering malfunctions, a combination of one or more of the following reasons might be at play.

    The switch is not able to provide the required power (it could be faulty, over-provisioned, or over-specified).

    The PD is consuming more power than specification.

    The cable is dissipating more power than expected or specified, which could be due to high resistance, link length exceeding specs, or thermal stress in the cable bundle.

  17. Tomi Engdahl says:

    10 dumb things smart people do when testing network cabling systems

    1. Fail to specify the type of link testing wanted.
    2. Neglect to agree upon marginal test results upfront in writing.
    3. Fail to specify all test parameters to be tested.
    4. “Wing it” on Alien Crosstalk compliance
    5. Forget to enable plot data.
    6. Go with a non-EF compliant tester for testing multimode fiber.
    7. Choose the two-cord reference for Tier 1 optical loss testing.
    8. Use patch cords to certify a fiber cabling system.
    9. Rely on a duplex tester for certifying MPO trunks.
    10. Skip out on proper fiber inspection.

  18. Tomi Engdahl says:

    IEEE publishes standard for network-based coexistence methods

    IEEE and the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) have announced the availability of the IEEE 802.19.1-2018 standard, Part 19: Wireless Network Coexistence Methods.

    “IEEE 802.19.1 enables the IEEE 802 family of wireless standards to effectively utilize license-exempt or lightly licensed devices by providing standardized coexistence methods among dissimilar or independently operated wireless networks under general authorization,” explains Steve Shellhammer, chair, IEEE 802.19 Wireless Coexistence Working Group. “The publication of the IEEE 802.19.1 standard will help ensure fair and efficient spectrum sharing.”

    Finalized in June 2018, IEEE 802.19.1 specifies radio technology independent methods for network-based coexistence among dissimilar or independently operated networks. The standard is defined for geolocation-capable devices operating under general authorization such as TV band White Spaces (TVWS), 5 GHz license-exempt bands, and 3.5 GHz Citizens Broadband Radio Service lightly licensed bands.

  19. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Process Design Kits Are Necessary for Photonics Maturity

    Tools are critical for the development of photonics ICs, just as they were for electronic ICs 30 years ago, experts say.

    Process design kits (PDKs) will be the key enabler to more widespread use of photonics, enabling the devices to more easily make the leap from research to commercial production, a panel of engineers will say at the upcoming DesignCon 2019 conference.

  20. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Dina Bass / Bloomberg:
    Microsoft expands its US rural broadband initiative, aiming to operate in 25 states by the end of 2019 and reach 3M customers by July 2022

    Microsoft Boosts Rural Broadband Efforts to Reach More Users

    The number of rural customers with no broadband access is likely higher than the government estimates, according to the software maker.

  21. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Norwegian Telecos Set New Record for Download Speeds in a Tunnel

    Mobile operators there recently worked with Germany-based Radio Frequency Systems (RFS)—a designer and manufacturer of cable, antenna, and tower systems—to break the record for in-tunnel download speeds for a mobile network.

    mobile operators Telia, Telenor, and Bane NOR along with RFS recorded download speeds of 560 megabits per second (Mbit/s) in a 20-kilometer abandoned road tunnel in Holmestrand, Norway

  22. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The Vending Private Network
    Configure your VPN using a vending machine

  23. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Huawei CFO arrested in Canada, awaits US extradition

    Meng Wanzhou, the chief financial officer of Huawei, the world’s largest telecom equipment manufacturer and second-largest smartphone maker, has been arrested in Vancouver, Canada on suspicion she violated U.S. trade sanctions against Iran, as first reported by The Globe and Mail.

    Huawei confirmed the news with TechCrunch

  24. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Huawei CFO, accused of fraud, faces up to 30 years in prison

    The daughter of Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei is accused of fraud with a maximum penalty of 30 years in prison, according to journalists present at the hearing.

    Tensions between U.S. authorities and Huawei have been high since 2016, aggravated by an ongoing U.S.-China trade war. The U.S. has long viewed Huawei and its close ties to the Chinese government as a threat to national security. Speaking on CNBC today, Larry Kudlow, the director of the White House’s National Economic Council, said the U.S. had given Huawei several warnings.

  25. Tomi Engdahl says:

    What is Huawei, and why the arrest of its CFO matters

    The arrest of a top Huawei executive has roiled the business world and threatens to derail the tenuous trade truce between the United States and China.

  26. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Nokia, Elisa ja teholähdevalmistaja Efore ovat kehittäneet yhdessä maailman ensimmäisen nestejäähdytetyn kännykkäverkkojen tukiaseman.

    Aiemmissa kokeissa Nokia Bell Labs huomasi, että nestejäähdytys alensi CO2-päästöjä jopa 80 prosenttia ja energiakustannuksia jopa 30 prosenttia.

  27. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Millions of smartphones were taken offline yesterday by an expired certificate
    Ericsson’s preventable failure created issues in 11 countries

    Ericsson has confirmed that a fault with its software was the source of yesterday’s massive network outage, which took millions of smartphones offline across the UK and Japan and created issues in almost a dozen countries. In a statement, Ericsson said that the root cause was an expired certificate, and that “the faulty software that has caused these issues is being decommissioned.” The statement notes that network services were restored to most customers on Thursday, while UK operator O2 said that its 4G network was back up as of early Friday morning.

    The outage was entirely preventable

  28. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Japan to halt buying Huawei, ZTE equipment

    Government set to revise internal rules on procurement to protect national cybersecurity.

  29. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The evolution of converged networks: Why IoT is here to stay

    Convergence (version 2.0) is here, and, to survive, we need to adjust, change and adapt to our changing environment. We cannot build networks for today (and for the future) like we have built them in the past, lest we go the way of the dodo bird.

    Let’s look at the changes and improvements made since the first converged network (Convergence 1.0).

    The IoT world is here, and the level and rate of convergence is increasing in volume and velocity. IoT is a nebulous concept – hence all the cloud analogies. It will continue to morph as technologies evolve along with those that use it. Your corporate IoT cloud will look different from mine, and that’s okay.

    Our TIA TR-42 (Telecommunications Cabling Systems ANSI/TIA-568 family), BICSI (TDMM and others) and proprietary or third documents must adapt and adjust. Whether they be specifications, standards or best-practice resources, they must evolve or face irrelevance (extinction, to extend the metaphor).

    Convergence 1.0 so they can be ready for 2.0, which is happening now. “We’ve always done it this way” might as well have been the mantra of the dodo bird.

  30. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Verizon announces 10,400 employees will voluntarily leave the company

    Verizon today announced 10,400 employees are taking buyouts to leave the company. That’s about 7 percent of the company’s worldwide workforce. This is part of an effort to trim the telecom giant’s workforce ahead of its push toward 5G.

  31. Tomi Engdahl says:

    AFFORDABLE In-Home 10GbE Networking!

    Are you tired of slow file transfers on your home network? Are your 1GbE connections just not cutting it anymore? Well, have I got a network switch for you!

    Its exciting to see 10gig trickling down to consumer tech!

  32. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Under Fire Huawei Agrees to UK Security Demands: Report

    Embattled Chinese telecoms giant Huawei has agreed to British intelligence demands over its equipment and software as it seeks to be part of the country’s 5G network plans, the FT reported Friday.

    Huawei executives met senior officials from Britain’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), where they accepted a range of technical requirements to ease security fears, according to the FT’s sources.

    The NCSC said in a statement that it was “committed to the security of UK networks, and we have a regular dialogue with Huawei about the criteria expected of their products.

    “The NCSC has concerns around a range of technical issues and has set out improvements the company must make,” it said.

  33. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Broadcom Nudges Fibre Channel to 64G

    Broadcom’s Emulex group announced next-generation Fibre Channel storage cards and chips, aiming to nudge the market forward. Emulex is bullish on the prospects for its 64-Gbit/s products, although at least one market researcher characterized the overall market as stable.

    The Emulex LPe35000 cards and XE601 controller are available today, but they need 64G optical modules that are just starting to sample and PCIe Gen 4 connections that are not yet generally available on x86 servers. “By the end of 2019 or early 2020, we’ll see production shipments of those things,” said Jeff Hoogenboom, general manager of Broadcom’s Emulex division.

  34. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Sara Salinas / CNBC:
    Verizon says 10K+ employees, or about 7% of its workforce, have accepted its voluntary severance packages which were offered to ~44K employees in September

    Verizon says 10,000 employees have accepted its buyout offer

    The program offered eligible employees and managers up to 60 weeks of salary, bonus and benefits, depending on length of service.
    The more than 10,000 employees who accepted the offer represents about 7 percent of Verizon’s global workforce.
    Verizon first announced the restructuring earlier this fall as part of a larger effort to trim workforce ahead of a push into 5G network service.

  35. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The internet is going to hell and its creators want your help fixing it
    Vint Cerf, Tim Berners-Lee and other identify lots of problems, few solutions

    If ever there was doubt that 2018 is the year of fear, it was confirmed by a panel discussion involving the two men that are credited with inventing the internet and the world wide web.

    Co-inventor of the internet protocols TCP/IP Vint Cerf and inventor of the web Sir Tim Berners-Lee have spent the past 20 years talking in pragmatic but highly optimistic tones about the global networks they helped give birth to.

    All agree on one thing however: Right now there is a serious battle for heart and minds, the future of the internet and global society itself. Every speaker noted competing visions from three main sources: The US, Europe and China.

    But this one – organized by the People–Centered Internet (PCI) organization – specifically chose December 10, 2018 because it is 70 years since the Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations in Paris.

    The PCI had been thinking about the need for a conference to address the fact that people increasingly see tech as a threat and no longer as a pure force for good. The one idea that everyone on the organization’s board got excited about, Wang told us, was the question: “What will human rights look like in a digital era?”


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