Bluetooth 5.1 location technology demo

Last week when I visited Arrow IoT summit I saw Bluetooth location services in use.  Two booth on the even showed Bluetooth positioning in two compartments. Quuppa Oy showed their own Bluetooth-based indoor positioning technology, which is used in many applications. With its unique Angle-of-Arrival (AoA) method and positioning algorithms, the system enables real-time tracking of Bluetooth® Low Energy (BLE) Tags and devices, with accuracy down to a few centimeters. They had some products on their booth to view.

Silicon Labs booth was more interesting for two reasons: they had an live demo and an old friends on the booth. Silicon Labs had a demonstration of fresh Bluetooth 5.1 standard positioning technology connected a DMX-512-controlled light. That allowed the light beam to follow a person carrying a small Bluetooth beacon circuit board. I have earlier written on Bluetooth 5.1 location technology at Bluetooth Enhances Support for Location Services with New Direction Finding Feature posting. This technology allows determining the location of Bluetooth beacon up to around 10 cm accuracy or even better.

This video shot by me with smart phone shows how Bluetooth 5.1 locationing work with hardware from Silicon Labs. Esa Piirilä demonstrates how well Bluetooth beacon location is detection works and location information is used to control DMX-512 controlled moving light.

Both a simple Bluetooth beacon and a fresh base station demo system using multiple PCB antennas were based on Silicon Labs chips. Silicon Labs has information on their chips used at

Here is picture of the location system Bluetooth 5.1 base station (early demonstration unit, commercial units expected in one year or so) and the DMX-512 controller light.


Here is view on electronics that is inside the Bluetooth location base station. This seems to use 16 circuit board antenna array (4×4 grid). With those antennas and some smart signal processing the base station can determine the direction and distance of the Bluetooth beacon. This base station circuit board has USB and Ethernet connectors for communication with computer.



Here is the Bluetooth beacon that sends the signal being located.


When discussing on the topic with people around, I heard that with Bluetooth 5.1 you can do the location with typical location arrangement where you have many location base stations (much more expensive than beacon) scattered around area (like Quuppa does the location on their system that was released initially few years ago). But Bluetooth 5.1 allows you to do location system also in reverse direction so that you could have many cheap Bluetooth beacons scattered around the are at known locations, and then have only few moving Bluetooth 5.1 location base stations (for example mounted to moving heavy machinery).


  1. Tomi Engdahl says:

    BLE and MAC Randomization

    The Impact that MAC Randomization has on Location Analytics

    Bluetooth low energy (BLE) (also known as Version 4.0+ of the Bluetooth specification, or Bluetooth Smart) is the power- and application-friendly version of Bluetooth that was built for the Internet of Things (IoT). The power efficiency and low energy functionality make this protocol perfect for battery operated devices.

    BLE advertisements are a periodic unidirectional broadcast from the peripheral to all devices around it.

    If one were take iOS and MacOS as an example we see some interesting patterns (see Table 1). Both do a fairly good job of keeping things random and ensuring that the device is not easily trackable.

  2. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Tests of Bluetooth Low Energy 5.1 Indoor Navigation – Direction Finding

    Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) 5.1 has introduced Angle of Arrival (AoA) and Angle of Departure (AoD) to enrich the direction finding (DF) feature. This application note gives the guidance of how to perform the BLE 5.1 DF RF tests according to the RF test specification of BT 5.1 by using the Rohde & Schwarz test solutions. Learn more about the Rohde & Schwarz solutions in this area.

  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    . Paikannuspiireistään tunnettu sveitsiläinen u-blox esittelee nyt kehitysalustat, joilla laitteiden sijainti voidaan selvittää Bluetooth-signaalin paluukulman perusteella.

    Tekniikka kutsutaan nimellä AoA (angle-of-arrival). Samaa menetelmää käytetään esimerkiksi suomalaisen Quupan ratkaisussa, jota on lisensoitu suurelle joukolle yrityksiä.

    Nyt samoille apajille tulee u-blox. Se on esitellyt XPLR-AOA-1- ja XPLR-AOA-2-kehityspaketit, joiden avulla laitevalmistajat voivat nopeasti kehittää AoA-tekniikkaan perustuvia sisätilaratkaisuja. Alusta koostuvat antennikortista ja tagista sekä tarvittavista ohjelmistoista.


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