Computer trends 2019

Here are some ICT trends for year 2019 picked from various sources (linked to sources) and edited by me:

General: From AI to Moore’s Law, the entire industry is deep in the throes of massive changes. The future will be characterized by smart devices delivering increasingly insightful digital services everywhere. While CPUs continue to evolve, performance is no longer limited to a single processor type or process geometry.

Business: There seems to be a clear evidence from this research that businesses are adopting and looking to capitalise on the benefits of Big Data, the Internet Of Things and Sensor technology for their mobile workforces.

Open source: 2019 Will Be the Year of Open Source in software and even in hardware. We saw more activity in open source than ever before in 2018. And the momentum isn’t likely to slow down in 2019.

Web is mobile: According to the statistics of FICORA, Ofcom, the PC has lost its place as the first device and platform for web browsing. Almost half of the web browses the web with a smart phone, which places a requirement on all online services from shops to news sites.

Multiple devices: As the number of different IT devices continues to grow, there are more and more devices in use at the same time.
 Situations and tasks that utilize and use multiple devices together have become commonplace. We need to think how how user interfaces could better support multi-device sharing.

Artificial intelligence: It seems that AI Market Ramps Everywhere. The AI term creates hope for some, fear for others, and confusion for all. Artificial intelligence (AI) is what the Internet of Things was two years ago – overhyped and not very well understood. The obvious shift is the infusion of AI (and its subcategories, machine learning and deep learning) into different markets. It seems that you don’t need to be artificial intelligence wizard anymore to use some AI – at best, implementation can be picked up by GitHub without really understanding anything. AI Still Has Trust Issues for many. There are also views that now hot artificial intelligence is the bubble that broke out last in the 1990s because at present, artificial intelligence and man form a bad cyborg. You need to separate AI Hype From Reality because it seems to be a miraculous thing where almost nobody knows what it is.

AI chips: While GPUs are well-positioned in machine learning, data type flexibility and power efficiency are making FPGAs increasingly attractive. Today, selling custom chips for artificial intelligence is still a small business. Intel, the largest manufacturer of computer processors, has appraised the current market at $2.5 billion, one half of one percent of the estimated value of the 2018 global semiconductor market. At a press event at the 2019 Consumer Electronics Show, Intel announced the Nervana Neural Network Processor (NNP-I), an AI chip for inference-based workloads that fits into a GPU-like form factor. Google and NXP advance artificial intelligence with the Edge TPU.

AI-driven development: AI-driven development looks at tools, technologies and best practices for embedding AI into applications and using AI to create AI-powered tools for the development process.

Huge data: It seems that It’s All About The Data. Data creation, management and processing always have been a winning business formula. It takes lots of data to train AI systems and IoT systems generate a lot of data.Data scientists now have increasing amounts of data to prepare, analyze and group — and from which to draw conclusions. The entire tech industry has changed in several fundamental ways over the past year due to the massive growth in data. Many data science tasks will be automated. Hardware and software are no longer the starting points for technology design. It’s now about data processing, flow and throughput.

Digital twins: A digital twin is a digital representation that mirrors a real-life object, process or system. Digital twins can also be linked to create twins of larger systems, such as a power plant or city. The idea of a digital twin is not new but is has become hot when AI and IoT were added to the mix.

Edge computing: Edge computing is a topology where information processing and content collection and delivery are placed closer to the sources of the information, with the idea that keeping traffic local will reduce latency. Currently, much of the focus of this technology is a result of the need for IoT systems to deliver disconnected or distributed capabilities into the embedded IoT world.

Power consumption: Globally, ICT today consumes 8% of all electricity and doubles every year. I think we needs new semiconductor technologies and maybe also more optimized software that does more but consumes less power.

Memories: DRAM market growth stops in 2019. GDDR6 and HBM2 impacts system design. There is disparity between the different types of DRAM, from GDDR to HBM.

Faster storage: Apacer has CFexpress card, which supports PCIe and the new NVMe 1.3 protocol, transfers data at a rate of two gigabytes per second.

Heterogeneous architectures: Need for increased computing power requires new multi-processor architectures (hybrid processors). Heterogeneous design is changing the starting point for chip design so that integration is now more the real challenge rather than the processor core. Many ARM processors already use hybrid architecture. Intel has unveiled a new Foveros architecture that addresses the challenge of Arm processors.

Immersive technologies: Users can interact with the world with immersive technologies such as augmented reality (AR), mixed reality (MR) and virtual reality (VR). AR brings new possibilities. A smart space is a physical or digital environment in which humans and technology-enabled systems interact in increasingly open, connected, coordinated and intelligent ecosystems.

Open hardware: Can RISC-V – Linux of Microprocessors – Start an Open Hardware Renaissance? RISC-V is an open source processor command set that can be used with the same principles as Linux code. RISCV is now being firmly linked to Linux as the Linux Foundation and the RISC-V Foundation have agreed to work together to promote open code development and RISC-V deployment. For the first time, Arm architecture will be a serious challenger in millions, even billions of embedded devices. Companies like Hi-Five, NVIDIA and WDplan to release product with RISC-V in them. This year RISC-V does not compete with traditional CPUs on PCs. Also MIPS hardware architecture is opening up.

Containers: Is Kubernetes the new application server? If you thought there was a lot of chatter about Kubernetes in 2018, you ain’t seen nothing yet.

Software robotics: Software robotics becomes widely available. Robot Framework will be important on this.

Intel processors: Intel Announces Faster Processors Patched for Meltdown and Spectre, New Intel Architectures and Technologies Target Expanded Market Opportunities. Intel Demonstrates 10nm-based PCs, Data Center and Networking Systems, Next-Gen ‘Sunny Cove’ Architecture with AI and Crypto Acceleration, and 3D Logic Chip Packaging Technology. 5 Observations From Intel’s Event article says that mysterious locations, codenames and process delays are on the top of the list. Intel’s Foveros Lakefield technology for making smaller chips.

AMD processors: Ryzen mobile processors would begin showing up in ultrathin and gaming laptops by the end of the first quarterAMD starts to use 7nm technology: Radeon VII GPU will be available and it is promised to be 27% to 62% faster, third-generation Ryzen desktop processor and second-generation EPYC server processor will be available starting later this year. AMD is challenging Intel in Chromebooks with A-Series CPUs and launching Ryzen Mobile 3000-Series chips with 2nd-generation Ryzen Mobile parts.

ARM processors: Taking aim at Intel, Qualcomm launches chip for business PCs. The Snapdragon 8cx series is Qualcomm’s first chip specifically designed for computersQualcomm’s pitch is that laptops using its chips will go days without needing to be plugged in, and will always be connected to the internet via cellular networks. The Snapdragon 8cx is also the world’s first 7-nanometer PC processor platform and promises superior performance for laptop. Intel’s position on laptops is very strong and Qualcomm has a big hill to get up if it really wants to challenge Intel’s PC side. Huawei Rolls 7nm ARM Server CPU Kunpeng 920 that is said to outperform ThunderX2, Ampere by 25%. Rumors are circulating that Apple will obsolete x86-based computers in favor of its own SoC-powered successors.

NVIDIA: RTX 2060 GPU was introduced. GeForce RTX™ graphics cards are powered by the Turing GPU architecture and the all-new RTX platform. This promises to give you up to 6X the performance of previous-generation graphics cards and brings the power of real-time ray tracing and AI to your favorite games. GeForce RTX 20 Series GPUs to gaming laptops.

Microsoft hardware: Microsoft reportedly working on Xbox and Windows webcams for 2019.

Windows security: Microsoft officially announces ‘Windows Sandbox’ for running applications in isolation.Microsoft’s coming ‘Windows Sandbox’ feature is a lightweight virtual machine that allow users to run potentially suspicious software in isolation. It could debut in Windows 10 19H1,

Storage: NVMe Hits a Tipping Point. A show dedicated to NVM Express (NVMe) next month solidifies an industry-wide sentiment that the host controller interface and storage protocol hit a tipping point in the last year. It is expected that we’re going to see the majority of new products coming out with NVMe. There are already relatively young NVM Express Over Fabrics (NVMe-oF) specification and even some hard disk enclosures using NVMe.

Fibre channel: Broadcom Nudges Fibre Channel to 64G using 64G optical modules (just starting to sample) and PCIe Gen 4 connections that are not yet generally available on x86 servers.

Faster PCIe:PCIe 4.0 is ready. The PCISIG organization has completed the new 4.0 version of the PCIe bus, and now the technology is expected to be deployed on the devices. It is possible to to get the full PCIe 4.0 speed with both copper and fiber. It seems that this year PCIe 4.0 comes to wider us for x86 servers.

FPGA: FPGA Graduates To First-Tier Status because FPGAs are better for certain types of computation than CPUs or GPUs.While GPUs are well-positioned in machine learning, data type flexibility and power efficiency are making FPGAs increasingly attractive.

Enterprise software:Legacy enterprise applications and software systems have a reputation for being clunky, expensive, and almost impossible to keep up to date. Rethink your enterprise software systems and consider whether cloud-based options like SaaS may better serve your needs. Office 365 is massively successful. AWS services are running the backend of thousands of major companies now. As internet connections and speeds increase, the cloud becomes more and more viable as it is more cost effective to centralize computer hardware reducing costs for companies and employee overhead.

Windows 10: Microsoft is building a Chromium-powered web browser that will replace Edge on Windows 10. Microsoft could be preparing to ditch the EdgeHTML layout engine of its unloved Edge browser in Windows 10 in favour of Chromium. Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is improved. Microsoft new Windows 10 reserves ~7GB of disk space for updates, apps, and more to ensure critical OS functions always have space.

Light Windows: Microsoft is working on Windows Lite, a super lightweight, instant on, always connected OS that runs only PWAs and UWP apps, to challenge Chrome OS. Microsoft’s ‘Centaurus’ device is yet another potential piece of its Chromebook-compete strategy.

Coding for Windows: Microsoft has released a public preview of Visual Studio 2019 for Windows and Mac. Microsoft open sources its most popular Windows UX frameworks and says the first preview of .NET Core 3.0 is now available — Microsoft is open sourcing WPF, Windows Forms and Win UI via GitHub.

Quantum computing: Quantum computing is a type of nonclassical computing that is based on the quantum state of subatomic particles that represent information as elements denoted as quantum bits or “qubits.” Quantum computers are an exponentially scalable and highly parallel computing model. They can work well on some specific tasks suitable for them, but are not suitable for most generic computing tasks we are used to.

Blockchain: Blockchain is a type of distributed ledger, an expanding chronologically ordered list of cryptographically signed, irrevocable transactional records shared by all participants in a network. It can work with untrusted parties without the need for a centralized party (i.e., a bank). Businesses should begin evaluating the technology to see if it fits their business or not. You need to separate Blockchain hype from Reality because it seems to be a potentially miraculous thing where almost nobody knows exactly what it is to what it is good for. Check this related Dilbert comic.

Related predictions and trends articles:

Gartner Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2019

Virtual reality implementation: observations and predictions

5 IT job trends to watch in 2019 – because success starts with talent
Digital transformation reality check: 10 trends

These are the 15 best US tech companies to work for in 2019, according to Glassdoor

Kubernetes in 2019: 6 developments to expect

What to expect from CES 2019


  1. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Introducing the Keybase filesystem

    Alpha releases of the Keybase app are starting to come with a cryptographically secure file mount. It is brand new. And very different.

  2. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The Art of Computer Programming, Volume 4, Fascicle 5 is Here. Good to see knuth’s work progressing. You can grab it from Amazon #compsci #programming #mustread

  3. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Maxing out Apple’s super-powerful new Mac Pro will cost a staggering $50,000

    Apple’s new Mac Pro is now available to order, and the most expensive configuration will cost more than $50,000.

    That top-of-the-line model includes a powerful 28-core processor, 1.5TB of memory, two Radeon Pro Vega II Duo GPUs, and 4TB of storage.

  4. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Microsoft reveals new Windows logo design and 100 modern app icons

    Fluent Design continues to modernize Microsoft’s OS and apps

  5. Tomi Engdahl says:

    8 Ways the daily lives of sysadmins changed in the 2010s

    Looking back on the last decade of Information Technology, it seems that, in a lot of ways, the 2010s was a period of consolidation and delivering on all the flashy and exciting new tech promised in the early 2000s. Technology that was either far-fetched or ridiculously expensive – and in many cases, both – became more accessible and affordable in the 2010s. Faster processing speeds, disproportionate increments in network speeds, and more affordable mini-computers brought about all-encompassing changes in the IT world. And, of course, all these changes drastically altered the daily life of system administrators. So let’s take a look at some of them!

  6. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Most Powerful Women In Tech In 2019: Beyond CEOs,Women Dominate The C-Suite

  7. Tomi Engdahl says:

    WebAssembly recently became an official W3C standard.

    Could it become the de facto platform for serverless apps, edge apps, web apps and mobile apps. Kind of like Java tried to be back in the day.

  8. Tomi Engdahl says:

    The Xbox Series X is basically a PC
    And that’s why you’ll want one

    For a long time now, Microsoft has been going out of its way to downplay the “box” part of “Xbox.” Whether it’s pledging to bring all of its first-party titles to PC, releasing some of them to platforms like Steam and the Nintendo Switch, launching its Game Pass service for Windows, or pushing xCloud streaming, the message has been clear: you don’t have to buy an Xbox to play Xbox games.

    “The business isn’t how many consoles you sell,” Xbox chief Phil Spencer told The Verge earlier this year.

    But obviously, Microsoft still plans to make Xboxes.

    With last night’s surprise reveal of the Xbox Series X, Microsoft answered that question in emphatic fashion. It is a console that looks unlike anything that has ever been released. Except, well, a gaming PC.

    The One X was designed to be as small as possible, but the Series X screams power.

    Spencer tells GameSpot that the Series X will offer around four times more CPU performance than the Xbox One and twice as much GPU power as the Xbox One X. That should put the Series X at around 12 teraflops of graphical performance

    Microsoft’s next Xbox is Xbox Series X, coming holiday 2020
    Xbox now looks like a PC

  9. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Randy Suess, inventor of first online bulletin board, dies

    In late January 1978, Mr. Suess (rhymes with “loose”) was part of an early home computer club called the Chicago Area Computer Hobbyists’ Exchange, or CACHE. He and another club member, an IBM engineer named Ward Christensen, had been discussing an idea for a new kind of computer messaging system, but hadn’t had the time to explore it. Then a blizzard hit the Great Lakes region, covering Chicago in more than 40 inches of snow.

    As the city shut down, Mr. Christensen phoned Mr. Suess to say that they finally had enough time to build their new system.

  10. Tomi Engdahl says:

    4 Tips for Launching Effective Continuous Testing

    It’s important that tests be automatic and thorough. Continuous testing is an approach for automated testing that gives fast feedback by testing early and often. But “continuous” doesn’t mean all tests need to run at all times. Here are four tips for organizing your continuous testing system.

    1. Know yourself
    Continuous testing (CT) is valuable to essentially all developers. But different developers are different enough that the value will vary a great deal. Run CT for the specific benefits it brings in your situation, not just because CT is a hot topic right now.

    2. Everybody runs unit tests
    Unit tests need to be automatic, cheap, and easy. If they take 40 minutes to run, they’re not unit tests. If they can only be run on certain hardware, they’re probably not unit tests. Tests that demand human oversight—such as “Is that click in the right place on the screen?”—are not unit tests. If a supervisor has to enter a secret passphrase at a front-line contributor’s desk, the context is definitely not for unit tests.

    That doesn’t mean those other tests aren’t valuable; they might even become unit tests some day.

    3. Select which tests work for continuous testing
    Next up, identify tests that are feasible for your developers but not your CT system, or vice versa.

    4. Plan for the future you want
    Does your testing plan still have gaps? Are there error-handling segments of source that are hard to test, or tests that require human intervention and judgment, or errors that show up only for end-users?

    Like anything in life worth doing, your CT’s unlikely to be perfect at the beginning. Document your gaps, and figure out which ones will reward correction the quickest and best. Go slow on tests that promise little return, and learn to recognize tests that cost more than they’re worth.

  11. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Go read this AMD vs Intel comparison of the Surface Laptop
    Pitting AMD’s Picasso platform against Intel’s Ice Lake

  12. Tomi Engdahl says:

    So, you’re paying 35 bucks for Linux, basically?

    a Linux distribution. Then they market it towards people who dont know anything about computers, thinking that they’ll somehow simply just speed up their Windows-based system..

    Computer Companies Hate This Product, Which Makes Your Computer Like New In 10 Seconds

    PC or Mac for just $34.99. Xtra-PC is a tiny, high-performance USB stick that plugs into your computer’s USB port. Within seconds, your old, slow operating system (Windows or Mac) will be bypassed and replaced with a fully-functioning Linux operating system that’s super fast and easy to use!

  13. Tomi Engdahl says:

    In A ‘Post-Digital’ Business World, Autonomous Tech Is On The March

    The idea of Oracle’s Autonomous Database might have seemed novel when it was announced two years ago, but it’s quickly proven to be a bold move in the right direction, said Accenture’s Pat Sullivan during Oracle OpenWorld 2019 in San Francisco.

    “Oracle’s Autonomous Database has proven to be a solution that thrives in what we call the post-digital world,” said Sullivan, a managing director. Sullivan explained that “post digital” means companies are facing such high customer expectations that they are moving beyond adopting complex digital tools to get at the information they need, and toward technologies that simply let businesses use data well at massive scale, and do it securely.

  14. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Rebuilt Cassandra in C++ for higher throughput & low tail latency. Open source download!

    Scylla Open Source NoSQL Database

    Scylla Open Source leverages Apache Cassandra’s high availability traits and scale-out design, while delivering much better performance.

  15. Tomi Engdahl says:

    LibreOffice 6.4 nearly done as open-source office software project prepares for 10th anniversary
    A decade later, has LibreOffice succeeded? With business still hooked on Microsoft Office, not really

  16. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Exploring AWS CodeGuru: New automated code review has smart features – but Java-only
    Do the sums before adopting

  17. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Joe Biden apparently missed the entire ‘learn to code’ controversy, telling a New Hampshire audience on Monday that unemployed miners and coal workers can find “jobs of the future” if they simply “learn to program,” according to Gizmodo

    It’s not that coding is super hard, but not everyone wants to/needs to/should learn to code. It’s a skill set that has to be constantly updated to become a career and generally doesn’t lead you to the glamorous futuristic lifestyle that people who say “learn to code” envision.

  18. Tomi Engdahl says:

    RIP! All the tech that died in 2019
    From iTunes to Google Daydream View to AirPower, here are the top tech products that were killed in 2019.

  19. Access darkweb says:

    Hello, every time i used to check web site posts here in the early hours in the morning, because i enjoy to find out more and more.

  20. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Translating Quake 3 into Rust

    The Rust-loving team at Immunant has been hard at work on C2Rust, a migration framework that takes the drudgery out of migrating to Rust. Our goal is to make safety improvements to the translated Rust automatically where we can, and help the programmer do the same where we cannot.

  21. Tomi Engdahl says:

    This Is Why You Always Review Your Dependencies, AGPL Edition

    Before adding a dependency to one of my software projects, I do some basic vetting of the dependency. Among the things I check are:

    How is the code licensed?
    Who are the authors?
    Are there any serious unresolved issues in the issue tracker?
    Is there a history of serious bugs in the issue tracker?
    What kind of code review process is used for pull requests?

  22. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Emil Protalinski / VentureBeat:
    In Q4, Gartner estimates global PC shipments grew 2.3% to 70.6M units; IDC estimates 4.8% growth to 71.8M units; both say Lenovo and HP lead PC shipment growth

    PC shipments grew in 2019 ahead of bet on 5G and dual-screen devices

    After years of bad news, the PC market has a reason to celebrate before computer makers start shipping 5G and dual-screen devices. The PC market grew between 2.3% and 4.8% in Q4 2019, according to research firms Gartner and IDC. As a result, 2019 overall grew between 0.6% and 2.7% over 2018. IDC’s numbers indicate 2019 was “the first full year of PC growth since the market grew 1.7% in 2011.”

    The PC market has seen six years of quarterly PC shipment declines, followed by a mixed 2018 (negative, flat, and positive quarters). But 2019 was better: Q1 was negative, but Q2, Q3, and Q4 were positive.

  23. Tomi Engdahl says:

    Frederic Lardinois / TechCrunch:
    Internal memo: Mozilla lays off ~70 after its 2019 plans to boost revenue streams outside of search, like new subscription products, did not pan out — Mozilla laid off about 70 employees today, TechCrunch has learned. — In an internal memo, Mozilla chairwoman and interim CEO Mitchell …

    Mozilla lays off 70 as it waits for new products to generate revenue

    Mozilla laid off about 70 employees today, TechCrunch has learned.

    In an internal memo, Mozilla chairwoman and interim CEO Mitchell Baker specifically mentions the slow rollout of the organization’s new revenue-generating products as the reason for why it needed to take this action.

  24. Ashley Jones says:

    Today I finally think I’ve made some progress in an area I really needed it. Hopefully, the mistakes I’ve been making with my attitude and lack of faith in this area won’t need to be repeated. I’m grateful for my faith, my angels and for your always kind and wise words.

  25. naina says:

    thanks for sharing valuable info……

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